Positivist & Interpretivist

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Its a bit naff for my needs now, a few ideas on how to turn into a storify.

Its a bit naff for my needs now, a few ideas on how to turn into a storify.

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  • 1. Philosophies of Social Research Positivist & Interpretivist Approaches & Methodologies
  • 2. • Literature suggests HEIs face challenges in teaching Research Methods effectively • Wagner, Garner & Kawulich (2011) - need for a pedagogical culture • Student dissatisfaction with the teaching of research methods • Payne and Williamson (2011) - crisis of numeracy
  • 3. Conceptions of Social Reality Needs some content to introduce this idea
  • 4. Ontology Is reality objective? External & independent of individuals? Is reality subjective? Constructed by individuals
  • 5. Ontology What is Social Reality?
  • 6. Epistemology How do we know what we know? What is knowledge? How do we gain it? How do we communicate it?
  • 7. Comparing Epistemologies Knowledge is subjective Meaning has action Relies on interpretation Social world different to natural world Knowledge is objective Hard data Can be measured Natural and social world are the same Just turn this bit into a seminar activity
  • 8. Epistemology How we know what we know Illustrative cartoon - might be more effective with more substantial content and activity based on ep
  • 9. Positivism
  • 10. Key Features Scientific Objective Robust Involves identifying causes Tests hypotheses Uses the methods of the natural sciences
  • 11. Auguste Comte Father of Sociology So, what? Move him up, link to a reading.
  • 12. Anti/Post Positivism Interpretivism
  • 13. Key Features Social Action (can be anything, even inaction) has meaning The researcher’s job is to interpret social action Verstehen
  • 14. Max Weber Known to his parents as Karl Emile Maximilian Weber Only of mild interest if you are familiar with Marx, Durkheim , Weber and their key soccy features
  • 15. Examples of Approaches
  • 16. Positivist - Scientific External reality - need to collect ‘facts’ Methods of natural sciences Use of statistics (quantitative) Experiments, surveys
  • 17. Emile Durkheim Social Facts Suicide
  • 18. Suicide Establish suicide as a social fact Suicide rate not explained by individual acts Rates remained (relatively) stable Social causes Find an extract, stick it in the storify
  • 19. Interpretivist - Social Scientific Subjective, constructed reality Relative truths Need to explore, explain and understand reality Qualitative
  • 20. Suicide Interpretivist perspectives
  • 21. Interpretivists & Social Construction Jack Douglas: Need to interpret meanings given to the action of suicide Notes, diaries, interviews Cultural context Maxwell Atkinson: Problem of statistics Coroner and clues Could this sound any less A Level like?
  • 22. Methodologies
  • 23. Experiment Controlled conditions Manipulation of variable on another And the other features…turn this is into an exercise
  • 24. Survey Collection of data Measure of a social phenomenon Description of group/population Testing theories and this…
  • 25. Ethnography Description of people and their cultures Detailed accounts of everyday life Understanding of how people see their world Find some examples, summaries, insert into storify
  • 26. Phenomenology Understanding of the human experience Subjective meanings Attitudes and beliefs
  • 27. Methods of Data Collection Questionnaires Interviews Observation Documents Make this more active - link methods to approaches and then complicate matte