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Introduction to Cells<br />Ribosome<br />Cell <br />membrane<br />Cell <br />wall<br />Peptidoglycan<br />Ribosome<br />(a...
Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />Eukaryotic Cell Structure<br />Eukaryotic Cell<br />Smooth endoplasmic<br /...
Nucleus -_____________________<br />Cell Protein Synthesis<br />Uses _____________________________________________________...
Mitochondrion – ____________________<br /> Cell Energy<br />“_____________________________________” of the cell<br />Uses ...
Cell Homeostasis<br />Vacuole– _________________<br />Outside of cell<br />Inside of cell (cytoplasm)<br />Fluid filled sa...
Function of Cell Organelles<br />Animal Cells<br />Plant Cells<br />Prokaryotes<br />Eukaryotes<br />Lysosomes<br />Endopl...
Cell Communication<br />Chemical _________________________________________________________________________________________...
large<br />subunit<br />small<br />subunit<br />Protein<br />channel<br />Lipid bilayer<br />CO2<br />H2O<br />The Pancrea...
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Goal 2 02 student note handouts 2

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Transcript of "Goal 2 02 student note handouts 2"

  1. 1. Introduction to Cells<br />Ribosome<br />Cell <br />membrane<br />Cell <br />wall<br />Peptidoglycan<br />Ribosome<br />(attached)<br />Nucleolus<br />Ribosome<br />(free)<br />Nucleus<br />Cell<br />Membrane<br />Nuclear<br />envelope<br />Mitochondrion<br />Smooth <br />endoplasmic<br />reticulum<br />Rough <br />endoplasmic <br />reticulum<br />Centrioles<br />Golgi apparatus<br />DNA<br />Flagellum<br />Pili<br />The Discovery of the Microscope lead to the discovery of the cell and the cell theory, Why? ___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />The cell Theory: after numerous observations it was evident that ______________________________________________________<br />All __________________________________________________________<br />Cells are the __________________________________________________<br />New cells ____________________________________________________<br />Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes : _______________________________________<br />Prokaryotes: _________________________________________________ _______. Example: ___________<br />Usually ______________________________________<br />Eukaryote: ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________. Examples: ____________________<br />Can be _____________________<br />Prokaryote VS. Eukaryote<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  2. 2. Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />Eukaryotic Cell Structure<br />Eukaryotic Cell<br />Smooth endoplasmic<br />reticulum<br />Nucleolus<br />Nuclear<br />envelope<br />Nuclear<br />envelope<br />Smooth <br />endoplasmic<br />reticulum<br />Rough <br />endoplasmic <br />reticulum<br />Nucleolus<br />Centrioles<br />Golgi apparatus<br />Golgi apparatus<br />Rough endoplasmic reticulum<br />Cell membrane<br />Nucleus: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________<br />Cytoplasm: _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Organelles:(little organs):___________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________<br />Animal Cell Structures<br />Plant Cell Structure<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  3. 3. Nucleus -_____________________<br />Cell Protein Synthesis<br />Uses _____________________________________________________________________<br />Usually ___________________________________________________________________<br />Only found in ______________________________________________________________<br />The _____________________________ _________________________________________<br />Ribosomes - ____________________________________<br />Can be attached to the _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Function- the free floating ribosomes take instructions from ________________________________________________________ where the Ribosomes on the Rough E.R. ________________________________________________________________________<br />Cells in the pancreas ______________________________ ______________________________________________________<br />Found in ________________________________________, ___________________________________________________________<br />Structure – Ribosomes_________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Make<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />Hemoglobin<br />
  4. 4. Mitochondrion – ____________________<br /> Cell Energy<br />“_____________________________________” of the cell<br />Uses _____________________________ _____________________________________<br />More active cells like ______________________________________________________<br />Both ________________________________<br />Site of ___________________________ (burning glucose)<br />Folded inner membrane called ___________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________<br />+<br />ATP<br />Chloroplasts – _______________________<br />Use __________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Light Energy ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________<br />________________________________________, they are filled with chlorophyll, this is what makes them look ____________________<br />Site of _______________________________________________(___________________________________)<br />Thylakoid stacks (______________________), ______________________ _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Stroma: ________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________<br />Fluid contains ____________________________________________________________________________________________<br />H2O<br />o2<br />CO2<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  5. 5. Cell Homeostasis<br />Vacuole– _________________<br />Outside of cell<br />Inside of cell (cytoplasm)<br />Fluid filled sac for ____________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Found only in ________________________________________________________________________________<br />______________________________________________________________________________________<br />_______________________________________________, this helps to give a plant __________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Vacuoles helps maintain (______________________________) a stable _________________________________________________<br />Some aquatic animal cells have __________________________________________________________________________________<br />Paramecium<br />Kingdom Protista<br />Plant Cell<br />Cell (Plasma) Membrane – ____________________ __________________________________________________<br />Cell Membrane: a __________________________________composed of a double layered sheet called a _______________________which provides __________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Found in ______________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Composition (made up of):<br />Lipid Bilayer: ______________________________________________<br />Proteins Channels: __________________________________________ ___________________________________________<br />Receptor Proteins: Have carbohydrate chains _______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Proteins<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  6. 6. Function of Cell Organelles<br />Animal Cells<br />Plant Cells<br />Prokaryotes<br />Eukaryotes<br />Lysosomes<br />Endoplasmic reticulum<br />Golgi apparatus<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  7. 7. Cell Communication<br />Chemical _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />A _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />The nerve cell releases __________________________(___________________________________) from the cell<br />The _______________________________that will fit into a _____________________on the muscle cell that has the __________________<br />The ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Muscle Cell Membrane<br />ACH<br />Nerve Cell<br />Cell Communication-____________________________________________<br />Glucose<br />Glucose<br />Glucose<br />Glucose<br />Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells<br />
  8. 8. large<br />subunit<br />small<br />subunit<br />Protein<br />channel<br />Lipid bilayer<br />CO2<br />H2O<br />The Pancreas is signaled to make insulin<br />Cells in the body are signaled to take up glucose<br />When blood sugar gets to ↓ the brain sends the pancreas a signal to make Glucagon(protein) <br />After you eat a meal, Blood Sugar is ↑<br />The liver is signaled to store any extra glucose as Glycogen<br />This causes the blood glucose to rise, or if you haven’t ate in a while and there is no more glycogen to break down you start to feel hungry <br />The body uses glucose to make ATP and power cells. The more active you are the more glucose your body needs<br />Receptor Proteins in the liver are signaled by the Glucagon to start breaking glycogen down into glucose<br />
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