Goal 2 02 student note handouts 2

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  • 1. Introduction to Cells
    Ribosome
    Cell
    membrane
    Cell
    wall
    Peptidoglycan
    Ribosome
    (attached)
    Nucleolus
    Ribosome
    (free)
    Nucleus
    Cell
    Membrane
    Nuclear
    envelope
    Mitochondrion
    Smooth
    endoplasmic
    reticulum
    Rough
    endoplasmic
    reticulum
    Centrioles
    Golgi apparatus
    DNA
    Flagellum
    Pili
    The Discovery of the Microscope lead to the discovery of the cell and the cell theory, Why? ___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    The cell Theory: after numerous observations it was evident that ______________________________________________________
    All __________________________________________________________
    Cells are the __________________________________________________
    New cells ____________________________________________________
    Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes : _______________________________________
    Prokaryotes: _________________________________________________ _______. Example: ___________
    Usually ______________________________________
    Eukaryote: ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________. Examples: ____________________
    Can be _____________________
    Prokaryote VS. Eukaryote
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 2. Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
    Eukaryotic Cell Structure
    Eukaryotic Cell
    Smooth endoplasmic
    reticulum
    Nucleolus
    Nuclear
    envelope
    Nuclear
    envelope
    Smooth
    endoplasmic
    reticulum
    Rough
    endoplasmic
    reticulum
    Nucleolus
    Centrioles
    Golgi apparatus
    Golgi apparatus
    Rough endoplasmic reticulum
    Cell membrane
    Nucleus: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________
    Cytoplasm: _____________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Organelles:(little organs):___________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________
    Animal Cell Structures
    Plant Cell Structure
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 3. Nucleus -_____________________
    Cell Protein Synthesis
    Uses _____________________________________________________________________
    Usually ___________________________________________________________________
    Only found in ______________________________________________________________
    The _____________________________ _________________________________________
    Ribosomes - ____________________________________
    Can be attached to the _________________________________________________________________________________________
    Function- the free floating ribosomes take instructions from ________________________________________________________ where the Ribosomes on the Rough E.R. ________________________________________________________________________
    Cells in the pancreas ______________________________ ______________________________________________________
    Found in ________________________________________, ___________________________________________________________
    Structure – Ribosomes_________________________________________________________________________________________
    Make
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
    Hemoglobin
  • 4. Mitochondrion – ____________________
    Cell Energy
    “_____________________________________” of the cell
    Uses _____________________________ _____________________________________
    More active cells like ______________________________________________________
    Both ________________________________
    Site of ___________________________ (burning glucose)
    Folded inner membrane called ___________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
    +
    ATP
    Chloroplasts – _______________________
    Use __________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Light Energy ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________
    ________________________________________, they are filled with chlorophyll, this is what makes them look ____________________
    Site of _______________________________________________(___________________________________)
    Thylakoid stacks (______________________), ______________________ _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Stroma: ________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________
    Fluid contains ____________________________________________________________________________________________
    H2O
    o2
    CO2
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 5. Cell Homeostasis
    Vacuole– _________________
    Outside of cell
    Inside of cell (cytoplasm)
    Fluid filled sac for ____________________________________________________________________________________________
    Found only in ________________________________________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________________________________________________
    _______________________________________________, this helps to give a plant __________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Vacuoles helps maintain (______________________________) a stable _________________________________________________
    Some aquatic animal cells have __________________________________________________________________________________
    Paramecium
    Kingdom Protista
    Plant Cell
    Cell (Plasma) Membrane – ____________________ __________________________________________________
    Cell Membrane: a __________________________________composed of a double layered sheet called a _______________________which provides __________________________________________________________________________________________
    Found in ______________________________________________________________________________________________
    Composition (made up of):
    Lipid Bilayer: ______________________________________________
    Proteins Channels: __________________________________________ ___________________________________________
    Receptor Proteins: Have carbohydrate chains _______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Proteins
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 6. Function of Cell Organelles
    Animal Cells
    Plant Cells
    Prokaryotes
    Eukaryotes
    Lysosomes
    Endoplasmic reticulum
    Golgi apparatus
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 7. Cell Communication
    Chemical _________________________________________________________________________________________
    A _________________________________________________________________________________________
    The nerve cell releases __________________________(___________________________________) from the cell
    The _______________________________that will fit into a _____________________on the muscle cell that has the __________________
    The ________________________________________________________________________________________
    Muscle Cell Membrane
    ACH
    Nerve Cell
    Cell Communication-____________________________________________
    Glucose
    Glucose
    Glucose
    Glucose
    Goal 2.02 Structure and Function of Cells
  • 8. large
    subunit
    small
    subunit
    Protein
    channel
    Lipid bilayer
    CO2
    H2O
    The Pancreas is signaled to make insulin
    Cells in the body are signaled to take up glucose
    When blood sugar gets to ↓ the brain sends the pancreas a signal to make Glucagon(protein)
    After you eat a meal, Blood Sugar is ↑
    The liver is signaled to store any extra glucose as Glycogen
    This causes the blood glucose to rise, or if you haven’t ate in a while and there is no more glycogen to break down you start to feel hungry
    The body uses glucose to make ATP and power cells. The more active you are the more glucose your body needs
    Receptor Proteins in the liver are signaled by the Glucagon to start breaking glycogen down into glucose