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  • 1. TEACHBACK SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 1
  • 2. DEFINITION• Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are any “…infections passed on from person to person through intimate sexual contact” (Womenshealth.gov., 2009, para. 1).1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 2
  • 3. PREVALENCE• An estimated 19 million people in the U.S. acquire sexually transmitted infections each year (Womenshealth.gov., 2009).• Globally, about 448 new cases of curable STI occur annually (WHO, 2011).1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 3
  • 4. TYPES OF STI PATHOGENS• There are over 30 different STI pathogens• STI pathogens fall under: a. Bacteria – causing STIs b. Viruses – causing STIs c. Parasites – causing STIs1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 4
  • 5. EXAMPLES OF COMMON STIs• Gonorrhea,• Chlamydia• Syphilis• Trichomoniasis1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 5
  • 6. EXAMPLES OF COMMON STIs• Genital herpes• Genital warts• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and• Hepatitis B1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 6
  • 7. NATURE OF STIs• Some STIs are curable. Examples are: a. Syphilis b. Gonorrhoea c. Chlamydia and d. Trichomoniasis1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 7
  • 8. NATURE OF STIs• Four STIs that are still incurable are: a. Hepatitis B b. Genital herpes c. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) d. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 8
  • 9. STIs: PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM• STIs occur in women more than in men. For example, 80-90% cases of Chlamydial infections occur in women (CDC, n.d.).• STIs are more frequent and more severe in women than men (Womenshealth.gov., 2009).1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 9
  • 10. STIs: PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM• The main preventable cause of infertility in women is STIs (WHO, 2011).• “In pregnant women with untreated early syphilis, 25% of pregnancies result in stillbirth and 14% in neonatal death” (WHO, 2011, para. 1).1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 10
  • 11. DISCUSSION QUESTION• Why are women more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than men? How can women protect themselves from acquiring STIs?1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 11
  • 12. REFERENCES• CDC (n.d.). STDs in women and infants. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved on January 6, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats10/womenandinf.htm• WHO (2011). Sexually transmitted infections. World Health Organization. Retrieved on January 7, 2012 from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs110/ en/index.html1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 12
  • 13. REFERENCES• Womenshealth.gov (2009). Sexually transmitted infections (STI) fact sheet. Retrieved on January 6, 2012 from http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/ou r-publications/fact-sheet/sexually-transmitted- infections.cfm#a1/7/2012 Charity Kwartengmaah 13