Module Four<br />By:  Christopher K. Shumaker<br />
central point   or    central idea<br />the main idea of the entire reading selection<br />this is also known as the thesi...
topic sentence<br />       the main idea of a specific paragraph<br />
thesis statement (central point/idea) is the main idea <br />                of the entire reading passage<br />topic sent...
Main Idea<br />it is what the entire reading selection is about<br />                 or the point the author is trying<br...
LIST WORDS<br />several                                                           many                                    ...
Researchers have identified two factors that play a significant role in our dreams.<br />Several steps can help you overco...
one                to begin with   also                further                 first (of all)            for one thing    ...
Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips.  Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or professional, ...
Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips.  Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or professional, ...
MAIN IDEA<br />Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips.  Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or...
1.  it can be the first sentence<br />2.  it can be at the end of a paragraph<br />it can come in the middle of a passage ...
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Main idea module four

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This module focuses on key words that the reader can use to help them spot the main idea.

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Main idea module four

  1. 1. Module Four<br />By: Christopher K. Shumaker<br />
  2. 2. central point or central idea<br />the main idea of the entire reading selection<br />this is also known as the thesis statement<br />
  3. 3. topic sentence<br /> the main idea of a specific paragraph<br />
  4. 4. thesis statement (central point/idea) is the main idea <br /> of the entire reading passage<br />topic sentence is the main idea of a particular paragraph<br />
  5. 5. Main Idea<br />it is what the entire reading selection is about<br /> or the point the author is trying<br /> to make<br />
  6. 6. LIST WORDS<br />several many three advantages of<br />several causes of some factors in five steps<br />among the results a series of a number of effects <br /> various reasons for<br />
  7. 7. Researchers have identified two factors that play a significant role in our dreams.<br />Several steps can help you overcome the fear of speaking and become an effective <br /> speaker.<br />Three key differences exist between the House and the Senate.<br /> Money is a strong priority for people—even for those with plenty of it—for a number of<br />reasons.<br />There are four ways that we often express our thoughts by body language rather than by <br /> speaking.<br />
  8. 8. one to begin with also further first (of all) for one thing <br /> in addition furthermore second (ly)<br />other next last (of all) third (ly) another moreover <br /> final (ly)<br />ADDITION WORDS<br />
  9. 9. Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips. Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or professional, humans love to talk about one another. All too often, such gossip is viewed as a frivolous waste of time. However, it actually serves several important functions in the human community. For one thing, gossip is a form of networking. Talking with our friends and coworkers about each other is our most effective means of keeping track of the ever changing social dynamic. It tells us who is in, who is out, and who can help us climb the social or professional ladder. A second function of gossip is the building of influence. When we engage in gossip, we are able to shape people’s opinions of ourselves. We tell stories that show ourselves in a good light—wise, compassionate, insightful, clever. And when we listen sympathetically to the gossip of other people, they perceive us as warm and likable. A final and very powerful function of gossip is the creating of social alliances. There are few quicker ways to form a bond with another person than to share private information with him or her. The words “I wouldn’t tell most people this, but . . .” instantly interest and flatter the listener. To talk about a third party, especially in a critical way, creates a bond with our listener and gives a feeling of shared superiority.<br />
  10. 10. Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips. Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or professional, humans love to talk about one another. All too often, such gossip is viewed as a frivolous waste of time. However, it actually serves several important functions in the human community. For one thing, gossip is a form of networking. Talking with our friends and coworkers about each other is our most effective means of keeping track of the ever changing social dynamic. It tells us who is in, who is out, and who can help us climb the social or professional ladder. A second function of gossip is the building of influence. When we engage in gossip, we are able to shape people’s opinions of ourselves. We tell stories that show ourselves in a good light—wise, compassionate, insightful, clever. And when we listen sympathetically to the gossip of other people, they perceive us as warm and likable. A final and very powerful function of gossip is the creating of social alliances. There are few quicker ways to form a bond with another person than to share private information with him or her. The words “I wouldn’t tell most people this, but . . .” instantly interest and flatter the listener. To talk about a third party, especially in a critical way, creates a bond with our listener and gives a feeling of shared superiority.<br />
  11. 11. MAIN IDEA<br />Social psychologists have found that almost everyone gossips. Male or female, young or old, blue-collar or professional, humans love to talk about one another. All too often, such gossip is viewed as a frivolous waste of time. However, it actually serves several important functions in the human community.For one thing, gossip is a form of networking. Talking with our friends and coworkers about each other is our most effective means of keeping track of the ever changing social dynamic. It tells us who is in, who is out, and who can help us climb the social or professional ladder. A second function of gossip is the building of influence. When we engage in gossip, we are able to shape people’s opinions of ourselves. We tell stories that show ourselves in a good light—wise, compassionate, insightful, clever. And when we listen sympathetically to the gossip of other people, they perceive us as warm and likable. A final and very powerful function of gossip is the creating of social alliances. There are few quicker ways to form a bond with another person than to share private information with him or her. The words “I wouldn’t tell most people this, but . . .” instantly interest and flatter the listener. To talk about a third party, especially in a critical way, creates a bond with our listener and gives a feeling of shared superiority.<br />
  12. 12. 1. it can be the first sentence<br />2. it can be at the end of a paragraph<br />it can come in the middle of a passage having introductory <br /> material presented before it to set the main idea up.<br />

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