Risk Factors – Personal History Personal history of breast cancer Treatment with radiation therapy to the breast/chest Long term use of hormone replacement therapy (estrogen and progesterone) LaRusso
Risk Factors – Family History Family history of breast cancer (mother, sister, daughter) Breast cancer gene LaRusso
Symptoms New lump in breast or underarm (armpit) Thickening or swelling of breast Irritation or dimpling of breast skin. Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area McKinnell
Symptoms Continued Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood. Any change in the size or the shape of the breast Pain in any area of the breast McKinnell
Prevention Screening Weight control Know your family history of breast cancer. Find out the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Nardo
Clinical Exam Takes place in doctor’s office Nardo http://www.mountnittany.org/assets/images/krames/52313.jpg
Mammograms X-ray of the breast Should get one every year after age 40 http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_jjqU97cZutk/SstLPGAWTkI/AAAAAAAAHUA/c9LrSmSSUoc/s320/mammogram.jpg Murphy
Mammograms video http://topics.healthvideo.com/m/30713744/alcohol-drinking-could-lead-to-breast-cancer-later.htm#q=breast+cancer
Diagnosis Breast ultrasound Diagnostic mammogram Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Biopsy Thackery http://www.medicaltactile.com/sitecm/i/sure%20touch%20patient%20examination%20-%20cropped.jpg
Stage 0 Cancer No evidence of tumor Does not include lymph nodes Fredericks http://www.arimidex.com/images/early-breast-cancer-stage-0_lg.jpg
Stage 1 Cancer Tumors up to 2 centimeters Not spread to lymph nodes http://www.arimidex.com/images/early-breast-cancer-stage-1_lg.jpg Fredericks
Stage 2A Cancer Tumor less than 2cm with cancer in lymph nodes Tumor 2-5cm with no cancer in lymph nodes Fredericks http://patientresource.net/userfiles/image/Breast_Stage_IIA_2010.jpg
Stage 2B Cancer Tumor 2 – 5 cm at the largest dimension spreads to the lymph nodes Fredericks http://www.faslodex.com/images/advanced-breast-cancer-stage-3B-3C-l.jpg
Stage 3A Cancer Five groupings of tumors 2 – 5cm Various stages that spread to the lymph nodes Fredericks http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/NR/rdonlyres/E74D74FF-9D8E-4FF1-8B39-92E61EFE5310/18064/ductal_carcinoma_range1.jpg
Stage 3B Cancer Tumors of any size that extend directly to the chest wall or skin Fredericks http://www.faslodex.com/images/advanced-breast-cancer-stage-3B-3C-l.jpg
Stage 4 Cancer Tumor with any lymph nodes involved Spreads to distant sites Fredericks http://www.faslodex.com/images/advanced-breast-cancer-stage-4-l.jpg
Questions to ask doctor if you have breast cancer Has my breast cancer spread? What is the stage of my cancer and what does that mean? What treatment choices do I have? What treatment do you recommend? Murphy
Questions asked to breast cancer patients How did you find out that you had breast cancer? What was going through your mind when you were notified that you were diagnosis with breast cancer? How did you tell your family that you had breast cancer? How old were your when you were diagnosis with breast cancer?
Questions Continued How did your family react when you told them about you being diagnosis with Breast Cancer? How did this change your relationship with your family? Was your family there for you the entire time you were going through the Breast Cancer Procedures?
Works Cited Dreyer, Zoann. Living with Cancer. New York: Infobase Publishing Inc., 2008. Print. Fredericks, Carrie. Breast Cancer. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Print. Perspectives on Diseases and Disorders. LaRusso, Laurie. “Breast Cancer.” Conditions and Procedures InBrief (Sept. 2009). Rpt. in Breast Cancer. Consumer Health Complete. Web. 3 Dec. 2009. McKinnell, Robert G. Prevention of Cancer. Ed. Donna M. Bozzone. New York: Infobase Publishing Inc., 2008. Print. The Biology of Cancer. Murphy, Gerald P., Lois B. Morris, and Dianne Lange. Informed Decisions: The Complete Book of Cancer Diagnosis, Treatment, and Recovery. New York: Penguin Books U.S.A Inc., 1997. Print. Nardo, Don. Diseases and Disorders: Breast Cancer. San Diego, CA. 2002. Print. Thackery, Ellen, et al., Eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer: A Guide To Cancer and Its Treatments. Vol. 1. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2002. Print.