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Chapter 4: It's a Free Software World After All

Chapter 4: It's a Free Software World After All



Chapter 4 summary of Curtis J. Bonk's book "The World is Open".

Chapter 4 summary of Curtis J. Bonk's book "The World is Open".



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    Chapter 4: It's a Free Software World After All Chapter 4: It's a Free Software World After All Presentation Transcript

    • HMID 6303 Current Trends & Issues in Instructional Technology Chapter 4: It’s a Free Software World After All From Curtis J. Bonk’s book entitled “The World is Open” Summarised by: Khoo Chiew Keen OUM-MIDT, February 2010 .
      • What does this word mean to you?
      • Can you think of any examples which are related to this word?
      • Would you offer something for nothing in return?
      • By offering FREE services of course!
      • They offer:
      • Free email accounts;
      • Unlimited storage space;
      • Free web searching.
      Do you know how Google and Yahoo generate their revenue in billions of dollars?
      • What about the word above? What does it mean?
      • How would the word “free” and “open” affect education today?
      • Answer: You will find out as you browse the following slides….
    • What about education?
      • How has technology affected education today?
      • Read the article from the following links to get a brief idea on how technology has impacted education.
      • The development of the Internet and its significance for education: http:// originami.com/sp/milestones.htm
      • Milestones in education, 50 years of education: http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/50y/brochure/mile.htm
    • Technology, Education and Resources
      • The introduction of Web 2.0 applications.
      • The Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) movement.
      • The Free Software Foundation (FSF).
      • Learning Management System (LMS).
      • Open Educational Resources (OERs).
      • Creative Commons.
    • What is open source?
      • It refers to any computer software program whose source code is free to use, modify, and redistribute – typically for its licensed users.
      • An open source product is:
      • “ Is a software designed by a community of users or a consortium of organizations and institutions with a joint interest in the resulting product” .
      • Philosophy of open source software:
      • “… openness of computing code created in distributed or peer-to-peer collaborative development” .
    • The Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) movement
      • Encompasses two movements: free software movement and open source movement .
      • Free software movement focuses on the philosophical freedom it gives users .
      • Open source movement focuses on the economies of peer-to-peer collaboration .
      • Both movements adapt the ‘sharing’ culture as “nearly all software that is open source is free, and vice versa”.
      • Prominent persons in the FOSS movement:
      • Mitch Kapor
      • Richard Stallman
      • Linus Torvalds
      • Eric Raymond
      • Martin Dougiamas
    • Free Software Foundation (FSF)
      • Develops free and compatible replacements for propriety software.
      • Vision : Dedicated to eliminating restrictions on copying, redistribution, understanding and modification of software…
      • Goal : Develop and then distribute software using a “General Public License” (GPL).
      • “ Free” = Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program as you wish.
      • Freedom 1: The freedom to study the source code and
      • change it to do what you wish.
      • Freedom 2: The freedom to make copies and redistribute
      • them to others.
      • Freedom 3: The freedom to published modified versions.
    • Hacker Culture
      • What is it and how does it affect the development of free and open source software?
      • Read more about hackers here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacker_(computing)
      • This ‘culture’ had a firm belief in knowledge sharing and helping others , including the exploration of computer programming secrets and free access to computers and the availability of information about them.
    • Mitchell David Kapor
      • Former president of the Lotus Development Corporation.
      • President of the Open Source Applications Foundation.
      • Read more about Kapor and his contributions here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitch_Kapor
    • Richard Stallman
      • Founder of the Free Software Foundation.
      • Devoted to a vision of sharing.
      • According to him, software is “a manifestation of human creativity and expression … and represented a key artifact of a community … to solve problems together for the common good”.
      • Read more about Stallman and his contributions here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_stallman
    • Linus Torvalds
      • Developer of the first open source software
      • program Linux 0.01.
      • What motivates him to develop open
      • source software:
      • “ A sense of fun in doing what he loves: programming and contributing to the Internet community with usable products others could enjoy”.
      • Read more about him and his contributions here:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_Torvalds
    • Sakai Project
      • Courseware platform or system that enables individuals or institutions to place their courses on the Web.
      • Features:
      • Document distribution;
      • A grade book;
      • Discussion;
      • Live chat;
      • Assignment uploads;
      • Online testing;
      • Wiki;
      • RSS reader.
      • Read More about the Sakai project here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakai_Project
    • Moodle
      • Also known as M odular O bject- O riented D ynamic L earning E nvironment.
      • It is a free open source Learning Management System (LMS).
      • This LMS is created by Martin Dougiamas, a WebCT administrator at Curtin University, Australia.
      • Moodle is designed to help educators create courses online focusing on interaction and collaboration (social constructivism).
      • Moodle supports many plug-ins such as:
      • Activities
      • Resource types
      • Question types
      • Data field types
      • Graphical themes
      • Authentication methods
      • Enrollment methods
      • Content filters
      • Wiki
      • Other third party plug-ins.
    • Questions to ponder …
      • Both Sakai and Moodle seem to have similar features. Nevertheless, they are two distinct educational systems. Are you aware of the difference between Sakai and Moodle?
      • Can you identify the benefits of courseware platform like Sakai and learning management system like Moodle? What do both systems offer?
      • Activity : Do some research and readings on the Web and discuss these two questions in our Ning portal.
      • Speaking of Ning …
      • Truth is …
      • Not everyone favours courses and pre-packaged content. It’s just plain boring for them …
      • People want to be more creative so as to decide what they want, create their own content and become contributors themselves. They also want interactivity.
      • But how?
    • The age of Drupal and Ning
      • Drupal is an open source free content management system that enables a person to build his/her own personal and community homepages. http://drupal.org/about
      • Ning is platform specially designed for social networking communities which allows developers to create OpenSocial gadgets and applications using technology developed by Google. http://www.ning.com/
      • These applications have educational benefits and foster social interaction and knowledge sharing; for example Ning for Educators network binds the concept behind the WE-ALL-LEARN model.
      • Ideas in many forms are shared and disseminated through various tools on the Web i.e., Sakai, Moodle, Drupal, Ning etc…
      • So, where education is concerned, how can ideas be safe-guarded when online technologies are so advanced these days? The area of licensing and copyright of materials comes into focus now … and this is where Creative Commons come into the picture.
    • Creative Commons
      • It is a non-profit organisation established by Dr. Larry Lessig in year 2001.
      • This organisation functions to expand access to online materials and also encourage creative use and remixing of these materials .
      • Creative Commons offer different copyright designations to various online materials from audio, image, video, text and other data.
      • These copyright designations help protect public and private universities as well as individuals from for-profit entities that may cheat their intellectual capital.
      • Read more about Creative Commons here: http://creativecommons.org/
    • Open source and free software
      • The digital age is upon us. We need access to up-to-date information, share our ideas and collaborate to learn and expand our capabilities in the Web where everything is digitised.
      • With open source, free content and Creative Commons, more people will be encouraged to share their ideas and learn from each other.
      • On the other hand, as the world becomes “smaller” and technologies customised to suit our needs, how would ethics evolve to ensure that the society remains rational?
      • This will be a good topic for discussion in our Ning portal.
    • Thank You.