Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Immigration 2012 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Immigration 2012 2013

122
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
122
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Immigration 1880-1921
  • 2. Turn of the Century Immigration to the U.S. 1880 1910 •49% from NW Europe •16% from NW Europe •27% from Eastern and •73% from Eastern and Southern Europe Southern Europe •24% from the Rest of the •11% from Rest of the World World 1880 1910 Northwestern Europe Northwestern Europe Southern and Eastern Southern and Eastern Europe Europe Rest of the World Rest of the WorldWhat change is evident?__________________________________________________________________________________________
  • 3. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many young males • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 4. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many young males • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 5. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many young males • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 6. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many young males • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 7. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 8. Characteristics of the “New Immigrant” • From Southern and Eastern Europe • Many young males • Many Catholics and Jews • Mostly unskilled agricultural laborers • Little money or education
  • 9. Push and Pull Factors
  • 10. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 11. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 12. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 13. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 14. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 15. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 16. Push Factors (Get OUT!)• Economic Problems in Europe and Asia 1. Poverty 2. Drought and famine 3. Rising populations• Political and Religious Persecution in Eastern Europe 1. Religious persecution a. Pogroms=violent mob attacks directed towards Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 2. Wars and forced military service
  • 17. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 18. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 19. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 20. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 21. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America
  • 22. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 23. Pull Factors (Come HERE!)• Economic Advantages in America 1. Available and affordable land to farm 2. Increasing number of factory jobs 3. Free public education• Political and Religious Freedom in America 1. Religious toleration 2. No forced military service 3. Democratic government
  • 24. Journey Across the Atlantic • 10-15 day voyage by steamship • Steerage Class Ticket $10-$35 per person• Could enter through any port city, but most ships traveled to New York City• 1st and 2nd class passengers did not have to be processed at an immigration station
  • 25. Journey Across the Atlantic • 10-15 day voyage by steamship • Steerage Class Ticket $10-$35 per person• Could enter through any port city, but most ships traveled to New York City• 1st and 2nd class passengers did not have to be processed at an immigration station
  • 26. Journey Across the Atlantic • 10-15 day voyage by steamship • Steerage Class Ticket $10-$35 per person• Could enter through any port city, but most ships traveled to New York City• 1st and 2nd class passengers did not have to be processed at an immigration station
  • 27. Journey Across the Atlantic • 10-15 day voyage by steamship • Steerage Class Ticket $10-$35 per person• Could enter through any port city, but most ships traveled to New York City• 1st and 2nd class passengers did not have to be processed at an immigration station
  • 28. Steerage Conditions•Crowded, unsanitary, little food, enclosed!
  • 29. Ellis Island75% of immigrants toAmerica go through EllisIsland (1892-1920) --”Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore…I lift my lamp beside the golden door.” –Statue of Liberty Emma Lazarus
  • 30. Immigrants Assimilate Into SocietyAssimilate = to fit in.Most immigrants stayed in cities and lived in ethnic neighborhoods.These neighborhoods would share the same language, religion, food, newspapers, clothing, and culture.By 1890 many cities had a huge immigrant population. 4/5 people in NYC were immigrants.
  • 31. Ethnic Neighborhoods
  • 32. New YorkCity’s LowerEast Side
  • 33. Americanization• Americanization = helping newcomers learn American ways (language, customs, dress, and diet) -In many cities institutions arose to help immigrants fit in (English classes, day care for working mothers, temporary housing) • Settlement houses • YMCA • Salvation Army -Immigrants usually stuck with their native cultures but children of immigrants were more likely to adopt American ways.
  • 34. Hardships• Poor living conditions - tenements• Low paying factory jobs (competition for jobs)• Discrimination from “native-born” Americans
  • 35. Americans’ Treatment of Immigrants/Nativism
  • 36. Motivation For Nativism• Fear, hostility, and suspicion• Prejudices based on race, ethnicity, religion• Old Immigrants vs. New Immigrants “The immigrants are an invasion of venomous reptiles…long- haired, wild-eyed bad-smelling, atheistic, reckless foreign wretches, who never did a day’s work in their lives.” –from a newspaper editorial• Some similarities to today (i.e. jobs)
  • 37. Restrictions on Immigration• 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act excluded Chinese immigrants• 1907 Gentlemen’s Agreement restricted Japanese immigrants• 1917 Literacy tests required immigrants to prove they could read and write in their native language• 1921 Quotas restrict immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe