20110930_The Charter to End Extreme Hunger

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Oxfam's presentation to the Fifth International Abraham Meeting, Sanilurfa, Turkey.

Oxfam's presentation to the Fifth International Abraham Meeting, Sanilurfa, Turkey.

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  • Oxfam exists for the purpose of working with others to overcome poverty and suffering , and to do this we work on various issues that fit within our 5 main aims. ( Click to get each Aim ) These aims set out our long-term ambition, in that they are five fundamental rights to which all people are entitled: Aim 1: Right to a Sustainable Livelihood Aim 2: Right to Basic Social Services Aim 3: Right to Life and Security Aim 4: Right to be Heard Aim 5: Right to Equity In achieving these rights we work with others, including partnerships with other international organisations, local partner organisations, and local community groups. So we work with people at all levels, from local to global, to ensure we are having as much impact as possible on our overall goal of overcoming poverty and suffering.
  • To carry out this work, we need a large number of people to contribute in a wide variety of ways. We are: Over 20,000 shop volunteers and 791 shop staff, running 710 shops around the UK Approximately 1,000 committed activists and 66,000 campaigners who have taken action in the UK. We have millions of campaigners worldwide who help us change policies, attitudes and beliefs that help towards our goal of overcoming poverty and suffering Over 700,000 financial supporters who help raise the money we need to fund our work Over 18,500 fundraisers who undertake various activities (such as London Marathon, Trailwalker, Oxfam Walk, Oxjam etc), who help raise a massive amount to support Oxfam's work 3,000 global staff working in 65 countries world-wide carrying out our essential programme work 1,099 staff in the UK including our UK poverty programme, fundraisers, communicators, finance experts, human resource advisors, campaign managers and more – all helping to support our development, emergency and campaigning work. Additionally, 5000 non-shop based volunteers work for Oxfam. This includes interns, office volunteers, and stewards. 1,278 local community-based organisations who we work alongside as partners on our international work There are 14 Oxfam affiliates around the world, all forming the wider organisation of Oxfam International (including Oxfam GB)

Transcript

  • 1. Assumed solutions to poverty, famine and natural disasters – advocacy and commitment needed A presentation to the Fifth International Abraham Meeting in Sanilurfa, Turkey on the Charter to End Extreme Hunger by Chris Wardle Oxfam's Funding Coordinator for Kenya 01 October 2011
  • 2. Session outline:
    • Introducing Oxfam
    • Five challenges needing commitment
    • How Oxfam is responding to the current crisis in East Africa
  • 3. Session update:
    • Introducing Oxfam
    • Five challenges needing commitment
    • How Oxfam is responding to the current crisis in East Africa
  • 4. Oxfam is a development , relief and campaigning organisation
  • 5. We work with people all over the world (since the 1940s) to overcome poverty and suffering
  • 6. Oxfam believes all people have the right to … … a Sustainable Livelihood … Basic Social Services … be Heard … Equity … Life and Security
  • 7. We strive to achieve these rights by working in three areas: Campaigning Humanitarian Development
  • 8. Development We work together with communities all over the world to create lasting and viable solutions to poverty. At the heart of what we do is … • the long term view • over 2,000 projects world wide • self-reliance , not dependency
  • 9. Emergency Relief Oxfam has a strong, world wide reputation for emergency relief work. We respond to the needs of millions of people struck by natural or man made disasters.
  • 10. Campaigning • s etting a global agenda • giving poverty a voice Oxfam campaigns for changes that will make the world fairer , safer , and more just for its poorest people.
  • 11. Who is Oxfam? 1,000 activists and 66,000 campaigners 710 Shops 791 shop staff & 20,000 volunteers 18,500 fundraisers 700,000 financial supporters 3,000 global staff in 65 countries 1,077 partners worldwide 15 Oxfam affiliates 1,099 UK Staff & 100 UK volunteers
  • 12. At a Glance: 2010 –2011
  • 13. Session update:
    • Introducing Oxfam
    • Five challenges needing commitment
    • How Oxfam is responding to the current crisis in East Africa
  • 14. Five challenges needing commitment
    • A Charter to End Extreme Hunger ...
    • ... has at its heart:
    • 1. Fixing the flaws of the international emergency system
    • 2. Supporting local food production
    • 3. Services and protection for the poorest
    • 4. Food everyone can afford
    • 5. Reducing armed violence and conflict
  • 15. 1. Fixing the flaws of the international emergency system
    • Needs commitment to:
    • Disaster preparedness via:
    • Non-political, needs-based early warning systems;
    • Timely and appropriate responses;
    • Capacity-building for national and community responses.
    • Rapid funding releases at the onset of crises, via:
    • A UNGA resolution on the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF);
    • Transparent processes to ensure funds reach those affected ASAP.
    • Humanitarian principles enshrined in preparedness plans.
  • 16. 2. Supporting local food production
    • Needs commitment to:
    • The scale and urgency of the 2009 l’Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI);
    • Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation at the heart of development practice;
    • The Maputo Declaration that all governments spend 10% of their budgets on agriculture development ; and
    • Implementation of existing policies to promote food security.
  • 17. 3. Services and protection for the poorest
    • Needs commitment to:
    • Development strategies which provide essential services and livelihoods in every country by 2015 ; and
    • Minimum safety nets for the food needs of the poorest 10% of women and children.
  • 18. 4. Food everyone can afford
    • Needs commitment to:
    • Strategic and emergency food reserves at local, national and regional levels;
    • Accountability of these reserves to the people they are intended to serve;
    • Tackling the causes of high and volatile food prices by taking action to:
        • End biofuel mandates ; and
        • Limiting governments’ use of food export bans .
  • 19. 5. Reducing armed violence and conflict
    • Needs commitment to:
    • Access for humanitarian assistance; and
    • Finding just, sustainable, and secure solutions to conflict.
  • 20. To recap ...
    • Oxfam and a broad coalition of INGOs believe that assumed solutions to poverty, famine and natural disasters can be achieved through commitment to:
        • 1. Fixing the flaws of the international emergency system;
        • 2. Supporting local food production;
        • 3. Services and protection for the poorest;
        • 4. Food everyone can afford; and
        • 5. Reducing armed violence and conflict.
  • 21. Or, as Sir Bob Geldof put it recently:
    • "... We want world leaders to endorse this Charter and take forward the changes to ensure that this level of suffering will not happen again.“
    • Speech at the United Nations, 24 September 2011
  • 22. Session update:
    • Introducing Oxfam
    • Five challenges needing commitment
    • How Oxfam is responding to the current crisis in East Africa
  • 23. Oxfam’s response to the East Africa Drought September 2011
  • 24. The Crisis Food insecurity at emergency levels across parts of the Horn of Africa Famine has been declared by the UN in two regions of Southern Somalia – Bakool & Lower Shabelle – first in 21st century Humanitarian organizations are struggling to cope with the influx of Somali refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya Malnutrition and mortality rates are alarmingly high in many parts of the region
  • 25. 12.4 million people are in need, and fighting for their lives Poor rains have left some parts of the region suffering the driest year in six decades Tens of thousands of lives have already been lost Hundreds of thousands of livestock have died Price of water and food is rising because of sudden acute shortages ... the impact
  • 26. Funding needed? U$ 1.4 billion received/committed ----------------- U$ 1.1 billion more required
  • 27. in U$ million How are donors responding? These figures are not exhaustive in that they do not reflect total amounts contributed by countries to appeals As of 12 August 2011 the figures are based on contributions/commitments (pledges not included) . Source: UN FTS. G20 Non-G20 USA 545.4 Turkey 150.0 ECHO/EC 175.8 Japan 95.8 UK 158.8 Sweden 49.1 Australia 84.9 Denmark 35.3 Saudi Arabia 50.7 Spain 23.4 Germany 44.1 Norway 22.1 France 40.2 Netherlands 20.0 Denmark 35.3 Finland 14.8 Canada 29.6 Switzerland 14.7 Brazil 27.5 Kuwait 11.4 Italy 3.3 Ireland 9.6 Russia 1.0 Belgium 8.8
  • 28. ....has launched its largest appeal ever for Africa: .... aims to provide food , clean water and hygiene facilities in Somalia , Kenya & Ethiopia .... constructs and repairs water tanks that can store any rain water, as well as boreholes and traditional wells U$91 million
  • 29. How many people has Oxfam helped to date? .... reached more than 1 million people so far .... appealing for funds to enable us to continue work over the coming months .... to reach 3 million people with life-saving relief
  • 30. Oxfam Global Ambassador and former Irish president Mary Robinson visited Dadaab refugee camp on the Kenya/Somalia border in August 2011. It is now home to thousands of Somali families.
  • 31. Oxfam ambassador Kristin Davis meets Faduma Hussein Yagoub, who came with her family to Dadaab. “ We came from Somalia on a donkey cart to escape the war and the drought. It took us more than 15 days to get here. My husband and two of my young children died of hunger on the way. “– July 2011.
  • 32. More than 70 tonnes of emergency supplies have been sent to the drought-hit part of eastern Africa from Oxfam's warehouse in UK. Oxfam is providing water and sanitation equipment and plastic sheeting for shelter – 17 July 2011
  • 33. further information Please explore our website: www.oxfam.org.uk For more background and links, please see: http://bit.ly/oRVIa2 To download the Charter to End Extreme Hunger visit: http://bit.ly/oRMHvv Questions … Chris Wardle cwardle@ oxfam.org.uk +44 1865 47 3910 (office) +44 754 764 3944 (mobile)