Defining Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnor...
Dimensional Approach<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Less Severe<br />More Severe<br />Mild<br />Moderat...
Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnor...
Advantages of diagnosis:<br /><ul><li>Enhanced communication
Improved definition and understanding
Coordinated research
Determining treatment</li></ul>Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Ment...
Axis I<br />Axis II<br />Axis III<br />Axis IV<br />Axis V<br />Diagnostic Information Provided on the Five Axes of DSM-IV...
1. Disorders usually first evident in infancy, childhood, or adolescence<br />9. Factitious disorders <br />10. Dissociati...
Consistency of test scores or diagnoses across some period of time<br />Test-retest reliability<br />Agreement between two...
How well test or interview items adequately measure various aspects of a variable, construct, or diagnosis<br />Content va...
Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnor...
Can you find what’s missing in this picture?<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnorma...
Objective Personality Tests<br />The MMPI-2<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal...
Rorschach Test<br />Thematic Apperception Test <br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abno...
Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnor...
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Chapt4diagnosis

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Chapter 4 Abnormal Psych

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Chapt4diagnosis

  1. 1. Defining Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />
  2. 2. Dimensional Approach<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Less Severe<br />More Severe<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Normal<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  3. 3. Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  4. 4. Advantages of diagnosis:<br /><ul><li>Enhanced communication
  5. 5. Improved definition and understanding
  6. 6. Coordinated research
  7. 7. Determining treatment</li></ul>Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  8. 8. Axis I<br />Axis II<br />Axis III<br />Axis IV<br />Axis V<br />Diagnostic Information Provided on the Five Axes of DSM-IV-TR<br />The mental health professional lists the clinical disorders that are present. Clinical disorders include all DSM-IV-TR conditions except personality disorders and mental retardation<br />The mental health professional indicates whether personality disorders are present and whether mental retardation is present<br />The mental health professional documents general medical conditions that are potentially relevant to the understanding or management of the client’s mental disorder (for example, hypothyroidism or arrhythmia of the heart)<br />The mental health professional lists psychosocial and environmental problems that are present. These problems may influence the diagnosis, treatment, and futureoutcome of the client’s condition<br />A global assessment of functioning (GAF) rating is provided. This score indicateshow well or how poorly the client is currently functioning. This information can be used to plan treatment, monitor treatment progress, or predict future functioning<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  9. 9. 1. Disorders usually first evident in infancy, childhood, or adolescence<br />9. Factitious disorders <br />10. Dissociative disorders <br />2. Delirium, dementia, and amnestic and other cognitive disorders<br />11. Sexual and gender identity disorders <br />3. Mental disorders due to a general medical condition not elsewhere classified<br />12. Eating disorders <br />4. Substance-related disorders <br />13. Sleep disorders <br />5. Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders <br />14. Impulse control disorders not elsewhere classified<br />6. Mood disorders or elation<br />15. Adjustment disorders <br />7. Anxiety disorders <br />8. Somatoform disorders <br />16. Personality disorders <br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  10. 10. Consistency of test scores or diagnoses across some period of time<br />Test-retest reliability<br />Agreement between two or more raters or judges about level of a trait or presence/absence of a feature or diagnosis<br />Interrater reliability<br />Relationship among test items that measure the same variable<br />Internal consistency reliability<br />Types of Reliability for Psychological Tests and Structured Interviews<br />Type of Reliability<br />Definition<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  11. 11. How well test or interview items adequately measure various aspects of a variable, construct, or diagnosis<br />Content validity<br />How well test scores or diagnoses predict and correlate with behavior or test scores that are observed or obtained at some future point<br />Predictive validity<br />Concurrent validity<br />How well test scores or diagnoses correlate with a related but independent set of test scores or behaviors<br />Construct validity<br />How well test scores or diagnoses correlate with other measures or behaviors in a logical and theoretically consistent way<br />Common Types of Validity<br />Type of Validity<br />Definition<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  12. 12. Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  13. 13. Can you find what’s missing in this picture?<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  14. 14. Objective Personality Tests<br />The MMPI-2<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  15. 15. Rorschach Test<br />Thematic Apperception Test <br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  16. 16. Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  17. 17. Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  18. 18. Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />
  19. 19. ResearchPlan<br />Report Findings<br />Hypothesis<br />Analysis<br />Classifying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Assessing Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Studying Abnormal Behavior and Mental Disorder<br />Defining Abnormal Behavior andMental Disorder<br />Culture and Clinical Assessment<br />

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