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Ch2perspectives3
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Ch2perspectives3

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Abnormal Psych Chapt 2 lecture

Abnormal Psych Chapt 2 lecture

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  • 1. The Biological Model<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />
  • 2. Emil Kraepelin<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 3. 100<br />80<br />82<br />65<br />60<br />Genetic heritability %<br />40<br />40<br />35<br />34<br />20<br />0<br />Majordepression<br />Bipolardisorder<br />Anxietydisorder<br />Substancedependence<br />Schizophrenia<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 4. Genotype<br />Phenotype<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 5. Serotonin<br />Processing of information; regulation of mood, behavior, and thought processes.<br />Norepinephrine<br />Regulation of arousal, mood, behavior, and sleep.<br />Dopamine<br />Influences novelty-seeking, sociability, pleasure, <br />motivation, coordinaiton, and motor movement.<br />Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)<br />Regulation of mood, especially anxiety, arousal, and behavior.<br />Acetylcholine<br />Important in motor behavior, arousal, reward, attention, learning, and behavior. <br />Glutamate<br />Influences learning, memory.<br />Neurotransmitter System<br />Functions<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 6. Cerebellum<br />Cerebellum<br />Boy with autism<br />Boy without autism<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 7. Sigmund Freud<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 8. SuperegoGuiding principle: MoralityTasks: Develop conscience; block id impulses<br />Superego<br />Ego<br />EgoGuiding principle: RealityTasks: Mediate demands of id and superego; cope with real world<br />Id<br />IdGuiding principle: PleasureTasks: Attain gratification of wants, needs, and impulses<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 9. IntrapsychicConflict(Between Id, Ego, and Superego)<br />Reliance onDefense Mechanisms<br />Anxiety<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 10. The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />Abraham Maslow<br />Carl Rogers<br />Rollo May<br />
  • 11. Self-actualization<br />Ego (esteem)<br />Social (belonging)<br />Safety/security<br />Physiological<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 12. Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)<br />Conditioned stimulus (CS)<br />Conditioned stimulus (CS)<br />Response<br />*UCS and CS are paired<br />Response<br />*After this pairing, the CS produces the response.<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 13. Positive Reinforcement<br />Behavior<br />Repetition of behavior is more likely<br />Positive reinforcement: pleasant event or reward<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 14. Shawn flies on airplane<br />Fear that hewill get sickor feel illif he flies<br />Shawn has stomach virus<br />Avoid flying:Takes the bus instead?<br />Classical conditioning – Develop a fear of flying<br />Fear “drives” theavoidance behavior<br />Operant conditioning –Avoidance of flying reduces fear(Negative reinforcement)<br />The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 15. The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />
  • 16. The Psychodynamic Model<br />The Humanistic Model<br />The Cognitive-Behavioral Model<br />The Sociocultural Model<br />The Biological Model<br />

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