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Investigatoryproject 120912020100-phpapp01

  1. 1. Ginger (ZingiberOfficinalis) and Vinegar as Organic Insecticide Investigatory project that is presented to the faculty of Science and English Department of Bongabon National High School Chemistry & English III RESEARCHERS Jan Emerson Gonzales Aira Fuertes Allan Castro Contributors from other years Frances Deanne Pasiglao – II Abad Santos Christine Jhane Sugay – I Aspen Jeremy Santiago – IV Aster School Year: 2011-2012
  2. 2. ABSTRACT Ginger ( ZingiberOfficinalis) and Vinegar is made as an organic insecticide. Ginger is a tropical plant that was spread around the tropical world during the colonial days. In Africa, Asia, or South America, and many hot spots between those continents, locals have taken to using ginger widely in medicine and food. The entire ginger family is rich in oils that both kill micro-critters and stimulate the immune system to do the same. The ways it stimulates the body are many, and, whether added to food or taken as a medicinal tea, ginger makes your body a little bit stronger and a little bit better and able to resist the damaging forces of nature. The ginger is one of the materials needed to make the organic insecticide. It is chopped and since its oils can kill micro-critters it is very useful in killing various insects. Vinegar is the all-natural liquid which is the one that kills the insects when made contact. And if you put the
  3. 3. ginger and vinegar together and put them in a spray bottle you will create the organic insecticide. And when you tested it is effective on many insects. Just spray on an insect and you will see the results. Many insecticides are made today. And most of them are made with toxic chemicals which can harm the environment. This product that I am going to make is safe and good for our environment since there are no toxic chemicals it is cheap and easy to make and also to use. This is can alaso prevent a alergic into your respiratory system which is probably in cause of the odor of an ordinary insecticide. List of Tables Table 1: Qualitative Data of Measurement………………………………………………………… Table 2: Time of Effectiveness of the Insecticide………………………………………………………………
  4. 4. List of Figures Figure 1: Figure 2: Main Material Used……………………………………………. Figure 3: Finished Products………………………………………………..
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 The Problem and its Scope Introduction……………………………………………………………………………1 Statement of the Problem………………………………………………………2 Hypothesis……………………………………………………………………………. Objectives……………………………………………………………………………… Significance of the Study………………………………………………………... Review of Related Literature and……………………………………………. Related Literature…………………………………………………………………… Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………………… Research Methodology……………………………………………………………
  6. 6. Scope of the Study………………………………………………………………….. Delimitations of the Study………………………………………………………. Definition of Terms…………………………………………………………………. Chapter II Presentation, Analyses and Interpretation of Data…………………. Chapter III Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations…….. APPENDICES……………………………………………………………………………. BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………………… PICTURES………………………………………………………………………………… Introduction We can grow healthful food without depending too much on toxic chemicals and chemical fertilizers with NATURAL ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL FARMING systems. The knowledge and simple but practical technology in this manuscript can save your crops and help you earn more from your garden and farm. Let’s return to the “Natural” ways. This product can give a lot of advantage when in comes to nature. Many people can less their expenses.
  7. 7. Statement of the Problem 1. Which of the trials are most effective on insects? 2. What will happen to the insects because of the insecticide? 3. What will happen to the plants if it is used on them? 4. Is it safe on plants also? 5. What kind of insects will it kill?
  8. 8. Hypothesis 1. The first trial is the most effective among the 4 trials because there is more ginger to it. 2. The insects will be killed. 3.The plants will not get damaged and it will be insect- free. 4. Yes, because the ginger is also a plant so when you put it into the another plant, it will not harmed. 5. It can kill ants, flies, mosquitos, snails, apids,moth,eathworms and cockroahches.
  9. 9. Objective To produce insecticide out of vinegar and ginger is our objective. In order to create natural mixture this can kill insects. Because it is natural, it cannot harm our environment unlike other insect killers which can also harm our environment.
  10. 10. Significance of the study The researchers have made this organic insect killer out of ginger and vinegar to create an environment friendly substance. Since, our environment is at stake because of pollutions. One of these pollutions is on air. If you haven’t noticed our planet is deteriorating because of this. And one of the causes of air pollutions is the insecticides and pesticides which have harmful chemicals. We all know that most of the insecticides and pesticides used today contain those harmful chemicals. To lessen the problem of air pollution, the researchers have made this organic insecticide.
  11. 11. Review Related Literature Our product is all organic and since it is safe to use and effective it is a great replacement on those toxic insecticide. Ginger and Vinegar are the main ingredients of our product. Ginger has oils in which can help kill insects and vinegar as well has acid that also kill insects.That’s why this project is much of use to you especially when it comes to gardening.
  12. 12. Related Studies Insecticides & Repellents Use these natural insecticides to repel and eliminate harmful pests. The following categories of products use botanicals or plant extracts that are applied to plant foliage. Natural insecticides combat insects upon contact or through ingestion. Use as part of an Integrated Pest Management program which includes traps for monitoring and capturing pests and beneficial insects and organisms to control pests in their developing stages. Enhancing fertility programs with natural fertilizers and soil amendments will increase plants' health and resistance to all types of pests in your home or garden including weeds and diseases.
  13. 13. Conceptual Framework (Concept and Theory) Ginger and Vinegar Chopping Mixing Ready for Testing Product
  14. 14. Research Methodology Materials: Chopping Board Knife Ginger and Vinegar Water 4 spraybottles Measuring Cups and Spoons Alternative Materials: Motar&Pestle Ginger Vinnegar Cutter Water 4 watering cans Procedure Collect or prepare the materials needed.
  15. 15. Chop the ginger. Put 3 tablespoons of the chopped ginger inside the 4 spray bottles evenly. In the 1st spray bottle pour 2 cups of vinegar inside, In the 2nd spray bottle add 2 cups of vinegar and ½ cup of water In the 3rd spray bottle put 2 cups vinegar and 1 cup of water In the 4th bottle put 2 cups of vinegar and 1 ½ cup of water.After putting the ingredients in each perspective bottle try several trials in your garden. Find out which is the more effective among the trials. Record your observation. Scope of the Study Vinegar is a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. It is today mainly used in the kitchen as a general cooking ingredient, but
  16. 16. historically, as the most easily available mild acid, it had a great variety of industrial, medical, and domestic uses, some of which (such as a general household cleanser) are still promoted today. Commercial vinegar is produced either by fast or slow fermentation processes. In general, slow methods are used with traditional vinegars, and fermentation proceeds slowly over the course of weeks or months. The longer fermentation period allows for the accumulation of a nontoxic slime composed of acetic acid bacteria. Fast methods add mother of vinegar to the source liquid before adding air using a venturi pump system or a turbine to promote oxygenation to obtain the fastest fermentation. In fast production processes, vinegar may be produced in a period ranging from 20 hours to three days. And ginger or ginger root is the rhizome of the plant Zingiberofficinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal. These two studies come up to make an organic insect killer. Delimitations of the Study The delimitations of the researchers study is that the study couldn’t be made more effective since the time given wasn’t enough. If there was more time the researchers would have the
  17. 17. advantage of making more experiments on the study. And also we couldn’t test it on other insects since we couldn’t find any other insects. Definition of Terms Insecticides- are a pesticide used against insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against the eggs and larvae of
  18. 18. insects respectively. Insecticides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry and the household. The use of insecticides is believed to be one of the major factors behind the increase in agricultural productivity in the 20th century. Nearly all insecticides have the potential to significantly alter ecosystems; many are toxic to humans; and others are concentrated in the food chain. Ginger - or ginger root is the rhizome of the plant Zingiberofficinale, consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal. Vinegar- is a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Chapter II This shows the presentation, analysis, and interpretation of the data gathered.In this part you will determine the percentage of
  19. 19. how the researchers’ product is effective upon using. And which among the 4 trials are effective. Table 1: Qualitative Data of Measurement Trial No. Amount of Ginger Amount of Vinegar Amount of Water 1 3 tbsp. 2 cups None 2 3 tbsp. 2 cups ½ cup 3 3 tbsp. 2 cups 1cup 4 3 tbsp. 2 cups 1 ½ cup Table 2: Time of Effectiveness of the Insecticide Trial No. Time of Effectiveness 1 20 seconds 2 34 seconds 3 56 seconds 4 1 minute and 4 seconds ` Figure 1: Graph of Effectiveness Versus Number of Trials
  20. 20. 1 minute and 4 seconds 56 seconds 34 seconds 20 seconds 0 seconds T1 T2T3 T4 Chapter III
  21. 21. Summary of Findings In this project the researchers have formulated an organic insecticide which is effective on all sorts of insects. In the research we have done we have come to this point which we have learned and discovered that what we have made is very much effective. The trials and research proves that this product can be of good use especially on your garden. With this organic insecticide you can now take care of your garden the natural way without using those other insecticides that contain toxic chemicals which can help lessen your problem towards those insects but can also destroy or environment. Because of this product you can now protect your garden from certain insects but you can also lessen the problem of our environment because of this product. Recommendation
  22. 22. More than 1,000 Filipino people die in a year because of dengue. This has been a big issue in our society, specially, on the health of our young once that has been resolve. Now, the time has come to slowly put and to this deadly insects. Now invention has occurred to be made to reduce the population of dengue causing mosquitos. We would like to recommend our newest contribution to our society to reduce and may avoid the cause of dengue. We recommend this product not only to our fellow students but also to everyone so that they could use this as an alternative for mosquito repellent, rather than using toxic insecticide. Since this is easy to make and it is not harmful to our health for it is made out of vinegar and ginger. Easy to make, cheaper than the others, good for the health and environmental friendly, that is what our vinegar and ginger insecticide repellent is. Itis proven to be effective and quality base as well. APPENDICES
  23. 23. Vinegar is a liquid substance consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, the acetic acid being produced through the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. It is today mainly used in the kitchen as a general cooking ingredient, but historically, as the most easy available mild acid, it had a great variety of industrial, medical, and domestic uses, some of which (such as a general household cleanser) are still promoted today. Commercial vinegar is produced either by fast or slow fermentation processes. In general, slow methods are used with traditional vinegars, and fermentation proceeds slowly over the course of weeks or months. The longer fermentation period allows for the accumulation of a nontoxic slime composed of acetic acid bacteria. Fast methods add mother of vinegar to the source liquid before adding air using a venture pump system or a turbine to promote oxygenation to obtain the fastest fermentation. In fast production processes, vinegar may be produced in a period ranging from 20 hours to three days. Apple Cider Apple cider vinegar, otherwise known simply as cider vinegar or ACV, is made from cider or apple must, and as a brownish- yellow color. It often is solid unfiltered and unpasteurized with the mother of vinegar present, as a natural product. Because of its acidity, apple cider vinegar may be very harsh, even burning,
  24. 24. to the throat. If taken straight,(as opposed to used I cooking),it can be diluted before drinking. It is also taken sometimes sweetened with sugar or honey. There have been reports of acid chemical burns of the throat from apple cider vinegar was in fact an ingredient in the evaluated products. The pH of apple cider vinegar is typically between pH 4.25 and 5.00 if undiluted. Balsamic Balsamic vinegar is an aromatic, aged type of vinegar traditionally crafted in the Modena and Reggio Emilia provinces of Italy from the concentrated juice, or must, of white grapes(typically of the Trebbiano variety). It is very dark brown in color, and its flavour is rich, sweet and complex, with the finest grades being the product of years of aging in a successive number of casks made of various types of wood (including oak, mulberry, chestnut, cherry, juniper, ash, and acacia). Originally a product availableto only the Italian upper classes, a cheaper form of balsamic vinegar became widely known and available around the world in the late 20th century. True balsamic vinegar (which has Protected Designation of Origin status) is aged for 12 to 15 years. Balsamic vinegars that have been aged for up to 100 years are available, though they are usually very expensive.
  25. 25. Luyais an erect, smooth plant arising from thickened, very aromatic rootstocks. Leafy stems are 0.4 to 1 meter high. Leaves are distichous, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, !5 to 25 cm long, and 2cm wide or less. Scape arising from the rootstock is erect, 15-25 cm high, covered with distant imbricate bracts. Spike is ovoid to ellipsoid, about 5cm long. Bracts are ovate, cuspidate, and about 2.5 cm long, and pale green. Calyx is 1 cm long, or less. Corolla is greenish yellow with a tube less than 2 cm long; while the tip is oblong-obovate and slightly purpulish. Distribution Widely cultivated in the Philippines. Properties Extracts and active constituents have shown potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, antimicrobial and possible anticancer activities. Considered adaptogenic, anodyne, anthelmintic, antiallergenic, antibacterial, anticoagulant, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antifungal, antithrombotic, antitumore, antiulcer, aphrodisiac, carminative, diuretic, rubifacient, anti-platelet aggregation, hypolipidemic, thermoregulatory. Pungency is attributed to the pungent principle, zingerone and shogaol, while the aroma is imparted by the volatile oil. Considered stomachic, carminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, sialagogue, and digestive. Parts utilized Tops, leaves and edible roots.
  26. 26. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-vinegar.htm http://www.vinegartips.com/scripts/pageViewSec.asp?id=6 http://www.ehow.com/how_2119560_use-ginger-control-insect- pests.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/vinegar http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ginger www.freewebs.com http://www.brittanica.com/EBchecked/topic/289077/insecticide www.arbico-organics.com/category/organic-insecticides
  27. 27. Figure 1: Main Material Used Figure 2: Finished Products

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