Starkey e readerfirstfriday02-03-12


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Slide deck for "Using eReaders to Add to Your Existing Media Center Collections." Webinar hosted by the Alabama State Department of Education, February 3, 2012.

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Starkey e readerfirstfriday02-03-12

  1. 1. Using eReaders to Add to YourExisting Media Center Collection Carolyn Jo Starkey, NBCT Buckhorn High SchoolAlabama State Department of Education Library Media First Friday Webinars February 3, 2012
  2. 2. Biography Carolyn Jo Starkey School Librarian, Buckhorn High School New Market, ALCarolyn Starkey has been in education for 23 years, the last 13 related to school library media. Sheserved as the library media specialist at Sloman Primary School for seven years, obtaining hercertification by the National Board of Professional Teaching Standards in library media in 2003 whilethere. After a 4 ½ year stint as Assistant Professor of Library Education Media at Alabama StateUniversity, Carolyn is currently serving as a school librarian alongside Wendy Stephens at BuckhornHigh School and completing her dissertation in instructional leadership/instructional technology at theUniversity of Alabama. Her other professional commitments include positions as Co-Chair of theChildrens and School Library Division of the Alabama Library Association, Editor of ASLA„s The AlabamaSchool Librarian, and Chair of ISTEs Media Specialist Special Interest Group newsletter committee. Shealso serves as a member of American Association of School Librarians Publications Committee andNCATE Coordinating Committee and has recently taken on a Co-Manager position of the AASL blog.Carolyn is a frequent conference and professional development presenter on a wide range of topics inschool librarianship, technology, and online learning. New areas of interest include the integration of theCommon Core State Standards into school libraries and the implementation of the EDUCATEAlabama forLibrarians formative performance assessment system. Carolyn served as a member of theEDUCATEAlabama for Librarians review committee and has presented on this topic over a dozen timesin 2011.
  3. 3. Introduction to eReading
  4. 4. Select History of eReading1971: Michael Hart and Project Gutenberg
  5. 5. Select History of eReading1998: First ebook readers: Rocket ebook and SoftBook
  6. 6. Select History of eReading 2006: BooksOnBoard, one of the largest independent ebookstores, opens and sellsebooks and audiobooks in six different formats.
  7. 7. Select History of eReading2007: Amazon begins selling Kindle in the U.S.
  8. 8. Select History of eReading2009: “On Christmas Day, for the first time ever,customers purchased more Kindle books than physical books.” ---Amazon Press Release December 26, 2009
  9. 9. Select History of eReading2010: “In each of the last three months...sales of books for Kindle have outpaced the sale of hardcover books, and that growth is only accelerating.” ---Mashable July 19, 2010
  10. 10. Select History of eReading2011: “According to Association of American Publishers‟ February 2011 Sales Report,E-Books Rank as #1 Format among All Trade Categories for the Month.” ---Andi Sporkin April 14, 2011
  11. 11. Select History of eReading2011: “Ebook sales are expected to generate $9.7 billion worldwide in 2016, more than three times the $3.2 billion the category is expected to generate this year.” ---Mashable December 1, 2011
  12. 12. School Library Journal’s2011 Technology SurveyGraphs and data on succeeding slides are credited to SLJ andavailable at
  13. 13. • 1,187 U.S. school librarians respondents• Included public and private school librarians• Included elementary, middle, and high school librarians Facts and Conclusions from SLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  14. 14. The number of ebooks in school libraries is growing, with about a third of respondents saying they now have them in their collections. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  15. 15. On average, ebooks currently account for approximately 0.5% of school libraries‟ collections. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  16. 16. Last year alone, K– 12 school libraries spent an average of $939 each on digital books, from a low of $390 at the elementary school level to $1,749 in high schools. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  17. 17. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  18. 18. During the coming two years, an additional 28 percent of libraries expect to add ebooks, while 43 percent say they may consider adding them to their collections. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  19. 19. While 63 percent of those surveyed say that they can‟t afford to buy digital books, the biggest obstacle to ebook acquisition is libraries‟ lack of digital devices (67 percent). Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  20. 20. Overall, library users most often use the library‟s computers to read ebooks. Dedicated ereaders are used in about 30% of schools. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  21. 21. Competing platforms are another major hurdle. The array of ereaders is daunting, vendor practices aren‟t school friendly, and administrative requirements overwhelming. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  22. 22. Digital rights management is more of an issue for high school librarians (31 percent) and for librarians under age 35 (36 percent). Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  23. 23. Over 84% of school librarians anticipate having ebooks in their collection five years from now--a 14-fold increase by 2016, to 7.8 percent. Facts and Conclusions fromSLJ’s 2011 Technology Survey
  24. 24. DefinitionElectronic books (ebooks, eBooks, e-books, Ebooks, etc.) can be anything fromthe digital version of a paper book, to moreinteractive content that includes hyperlinksand multimedia. eBooks can be viewed on adesktop computer, laptop, smartphone orebook reader.
  25. 25. DefinitionA document file format is a text orbinary format for storing documentson a storage media. A writer orpublisher has many options when itcomes to choosing a format forpublication..azw .epub .pdf .mobi .pdb .lit
  26. 26. DefinitionDigital rightsmanagement (DRM) is aclass of access controltechnologies that are usedby hardware manufacturers,publishers, copyright holdersand individuals with theintent to limit the use ofdigital content and devicesafter sale. It is intended tostop the practice of piracy.
  27. 27. .mobi, .prc, and .azw
  28. 28. .mobi, .prc, and .azwOverview: Mobipocket is aFrench company that started outin the days of PDAs waseventually purchased by Amazonin 2005. When Amazon decided todevelop the Kindle, it was alogical step for the company touse its own proprietary format forthe new devices eBooks.
  29. 29. .mobi, .prc, and .azwDRM: The Mobipocket formatallows books to be locked withDigital Rights Management (DRM)or not. When an encrypted file isdownloaded from a retailer it islocked to the users registereddevice. The Kindle uses the sameDRM as the old Mobipocketformat.
  30. 30. .mobi, .prc, and, .prc, and .azw.There are no functional differencesbetween these formats, and thefiles are exactly the same.
  31. 31. .mobi, .prc, and .azwDevices: Kindle eBooks can beread on any of the Kindle devices,as well as in any of the KindleApps for PC, Mac, iOS, Android,Blackberry, etc.
  32. 32. .epub
  33. 33. .epubOverview: The ePub format wasdeveloped as an industry-widestandard for eBooks. It is based ona variety of other technologies andstandards, but its uniqueness is inhow it combines these standardsto provide a solid formattingfoundation for eBooks of justabout every shape and size.
  34. 34. .epubDRM: The most popular DRMoption for ePub files is AdobeContent Server, which is utilized bySony, Barnes & Noble, and manyother eBook stores. Apples iBooksapplication (on the iPad) utilizesApples own Fairplay DRM, which isnot compatible with any othereBook device or application.
  35. 35. .epubDevices: ePub books can be read onWindows and Mac computers withAdobe Digital Editions; on the Barnes &Noble NOOK and NOOKcolor; on all ofthe Sony Reader devices; on theiPad/iPhone/iPod Touch in iBooks andin other apps; on the Android systemin Aldiko and other apps; and on Linuxcomputers and other handheld devices.
  36. 36. .epubDevices 2: ePub books can also beread online in Bookworm and in IbisReader, a very good web-basedreading system that can be accessedby mobile phones and computers, andis designed to be used quite effectivelyon the iPhone and Android devices.
  37. 37. .pdf
  38. 38. .pdfOverview: Originally developed byAdobe Systems, PDF is a file formatthat preserves most attributes(including color, formatting, graphics,and more) of a source document nomatter which application, platform, andhardware type was originally used tocreate it. PDF files can be created onyour computer by a variety ofprograms, including Adobe Acrobat.
  39. 39. .pdfDRM: PDF files can be DMR locked,both with the built-in password optionand with Adobe Content Serverthrough Adobe Digital Editions.
  40. 40. .pdfDevices: PDF files can be read onmost computer systems with AdobeAcrobat Reader or similar 3rd partyprograms. They are also supported inAdobe Digital Editions, a free eBooklibrary and reading program availablefor Windows and Mac machines. TheKindle DX and support PDF filesnatively (without the need to convertthe file).
  41. 41. Format Conversion
  42. 42. Common eReaderHardware and Applications
  43. 43. Common eReading Hardware and Applications• There are three basic types of devices: • Readers • Tablets • Smart Phones and Other Portable Devices• Applications for PCs and Macs are available.
  44. 44. Common eReading Hardware and Applications“UK-based JuniperResearch predicts thatnearly 30% of all ebooks in2016 will be downloaded totablets.” --Mashable December 1, 2011
  45. 45. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Considerations Function Screen eBook Selection Cost Size and Weight Battery Life Source:
  46. 46. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration FunctionIn addition to eReader duties, a tablet computer allows you to use avariety of apps on them, similar to use on smartphones like aniPhones or Android phones. Depending on the model, tablets canrecord video (sometimes in HD) and take high-quality photos. Witha tablet, you can play music, watch movies, browse the entireinternet including your social media websites, play games, printwirelessly, email, use Google maps, play games, manage yourcalendar and contacts, and more. With most e-readers, you havelimited browser functionality. Some function as MP3 players, andsome dont. They are devices that were designed for book reading,and not much else. Source:
  47. 47. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration ScreeneBook readers like the Kindle and Nook use e-Ink (electronic ink)screens. These screens are matte instead of glossy, which meansthat they do not get reflections or glare even in bright sunlight.They do not emit their own light, so the effect of reading on thesescreens is very similar to reading from paper. e-Ink is not capable ofdisplaying media like color photos or video. It is made to renderwords in a very print-on-paper type of way. Tablets have LCDscreens, just like any touch-screen phone, or a laptop screen. LCDscreens are back-lit, meaning that they emit their own light. Thescreens are glossy, which means that they get reflections and glarein sunlight. They are capable of displaying video and animation. Source:
  48. 48. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration eBook SelectionWhat ebook format does the device use? What selection of ebooksare available for the patrons in question? Source:
  49. 49. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration CostCurrently tablet computers are priced at around $500-$800. Thecost of eReaders keeps dropping. As of this morning (2/3/12): Source:
  50. 50. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration Size and WeighteBook Reader devices generally all weigh about the same as astandard paperback book -- about 8 oz or so. Tablets weighapproximately 2 to 3 times that much. This all varies with eachspecific model. Source:
  51. 51. Should I buy eReaders or tablets? Consideration Battery LifeThe battery life of e-readers is significantly better than that of tabletcomputers. e-Readers can typically go for a month or more ofregular use without having to be charged. Tablets run out of batterylife within a few hours or so. This is mostly due to the screen type(discussed above) and the fact that they do a lot more internalprocessing. Source:
  52. 52. Reviews for CommoneReading Hardware and Applications
  53. 53. eBook Sources
  54. 54. eBook Sources • Public Domain eBook Databases • eBookstores • Libraries
  55. 55. eBook Sources
  56. 56. School Library Projects2010-2011: Buffy Hamilton, The Unquiet Librarian, 201begins major documentation of an ereader project. 0:
  57. 57. School Library Projects Buckhorn High School, New Market, AL2010:
  58. 58. School Library Projects2011: Travis Jonkers used an innovation grant to 201purchase 10 e-readers to spread among the 5th and 0:6th grade elementary building, the middle school,and the high school.
  59. 59. School Library Projects2010:
  60. 60. School Library Projects2010:
  61. 61. School Library Conference Paper2010:
  62. 62. School Library Projects2010:
  63. 63. School Projects2010:
  64. 64. Session Resources 69250