Dissociative Identity Disorder


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Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. 1.  Abbreviated as DID A rare mental disturbance of one’s identity that causes them to have two or more separate and distinct personality states that have the ability to control the individual’s behavior Affects about 6-10% of people in the United States and 0.4% in China BUT…
  2. 2.  Before the 19th century, people with Dissociative Identity Disorder were considered to be possessed They were imprisoned and treated very poorly Lobotomy and “exorcisms”
  3. 3.  Researchers believe that the main cause of Dissociative Identity Disorder is physical or sexual abuse when the individual was a child They create the alters to distance themselves from the pain and trauma
  4. 4.  A person with Dissociative Identity Disorder can have 2 alters, or even 100 alters The average person suffering with DID has 10 alters
  5. 5.  When any alter takes over, the individual with DID usually doesn’t remember what happened Patients with DID often complain about episodes of time loss Some patients might have friends that they don’t know, because an alter has befriended them
  6. 6.  Multiple different attitudes Feeling of a loss of time Depression Depersonalization Flashbacks of abuse/trauma Sudden anger for no reason Panic attacks Unexplainable phobias
  7. 7.  When a child is  The average age for abused, researchers initial creation of alters believe that they is 6 years old develop the alters,  Children who are using dissociation as a developing DID are defense usually quiet but have They become other a short fuse and seem people so that they to be different at times believe the abuse isn’t really happening to them
  8. 8.  DSM IV explains that the diagnostic criteria for  SCID interview/testing Dissociative Identity Disorder is: › 1. Disruption of identity › 2. Inability to recall important personal information › 3. Experiences distress in social experiences › 4.The disturbances aren’t culturally excepted, such as the way people act when intoxicated
  9. 9.  The alters are like their own people, they can have very different personalities, they can even be a different gender An alter can take over when the individual sneezes, closes their eyes for longer than a blink, or rub their face
  10. 10.  All the alters can be  Some alters can be different in one way or more aggressive another towards the person’s They can have environment or different voices, towards the person’s mannerisms, attitudes, other alters thoughts and they can speak differently regarding sentence structure
  11. 11.  Some alters can have allergies that their “owner” doesn’t Right-or-left handedness Need for eyeglass prescription Handwriting Ages
  12. 12.  Individual’s with DID usually go to therapy with hypnosis Talking about and dealing with the memories of sexual or physical abuse has a large impact on changing the alters
  13. 13.  When the patient is under hypnosis, the therapist attempts to contact all the alters they can separately Once the therapist understands the roles of each alter they try to find the most aggressive alter to change their behavior
  14. 14.  The therapist also wants to find the alters who have the memories of the trauma to try and help them cope Once the therapist understands everyone, they try to unify the alters back to the original individual, getting rid of some of the alters if possible
  15. 15.  Herschel Walker was a  Here he explains that running back for the he wasn’t abused as a Dallas Cowboys and child but he was the Philadelphia bullied Eagles He doesn’t remember winning the Heisman Trophy He wrote a book called Breaking Free: My Life with Dissociative Identity Disorder
  16. 16.  http://www.youtube.c  She was born with om/watch?v=WBCtF_ severe tissue damage FrJ48 which made her blind  36 years old, born Diana but Margo took over as the host alter  3 prominent alters out of her 68 › Margo, 16 › Jackie, 21 › Corey, 4
  17. 17.  1. Schizophrenia is a  4. DID is usually caused __________ disorder, by __________ and unlike Dissociative _________ abuse Identity Disorder, which when the individual is a is a _____________ child. and _____________ disorder.  5. Schizophrenia is 2. There is no _______ usually caused by the for Schizophrenia, but individual’s _________ there are __________. make up and the ____________ they 3. People with were exposed to. _________________ _ usually undergo hypnosis and therapy.
  18. 18.  "Dissociative Identity Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Statistics." Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). 2008. Web. 09 Jan. 2012. <http://www.dissociativeidentitydisorder.net/>. Kaplan, Rachel. "Dissociative Identity Disorder." Http://serendip.brynmawr.edu. Serendip. Web. 9 Jan. 2012. <http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1780>. "NAMI | Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly Multiple Personality Disorder)." NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness. NAMI. Web. 09 Jan. 2012. <http://www.nami.org/Content/ContentGroups/Helpline1/Dis sociative_Identity_Disorder_(formerly_Multiple_Personality_ Disorder).htm>. Phelps, Jennifer. "Celebrities with Dissociative Disorders." Yahoo! Voices - Voices.yahoo.com. Jennifer Phelps. Web. 09 Jan. 2012. <http://voices.yahoo.com/celebrities- dissociative-disorders-6680648.html>.