Spoken English Reductions
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Spoken English Reductions

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Spoken English Reductions Spoken English Reductions Presentation Transcript

  • Spoken English Reductions: Whaddayasay? IELC Seminar Fall 2010 Candice J. Quinones
  • Wassup?
    • Budweiser Commercial
    • How ya doin ’
  • What is a reduction?
    • A reduction occurs in a native English speaker’s speech when they reduce or eliminate certain sounds.
    • There are several common types of reductions (reduced forms of words and phrases).
  • Rules for Reductions
    • Reductions almost always occur with function words, but virtually never with content words.
      • Function words are non-stressed words in a thought group or sentence.
      • Commonly reduced function words:
        • a, an, the, and, are, as, because, can, for, from, had, has, have, of, or, that, than, to, and was.
      • Exercises: See handout
  • Resources
    • A list of reduced forms and purposes
      • http://jalt.org/pansig/2006/HTML/Brown.htm
    • Another list of reduced forms and patterns
      • http://www3.telus.net/linguisticsissues/ReducedForms.html
    • Some rules for reductions
      • http://english-learners.com/2009/10/common-reduced-forms-in-american-english.html
    • Sound samples of reductions
      • http://lingualarts.com/reduced.htm
    • Interview with Nina Weinstein
  • Quiz
    • Audio Quiz
      • http://evaeaston.com/red-quiz01.html
  • Reductions in Music
    • Vanessa Carlton- “A Thousand Miles”
    • Karaoke -Vanessa Carlton “A Thousand Miles”
    • Alicia Keys – “No One ”
    • Karaoke - Alicia Keys “No One”
    • Micheal Jackson – “Beat It”
    • Karaoke - MJ “Beat It”