Thank you for joining us today. I know everyone is very busy, so it’s encouraging for Chris and I to see you here.I’d like to start by saying that this is not a presentation about blogging, but about how pedagogical blogging enables students to collaborate in writing with an instructor, with each other, and with others in cyberspace.
At the start of the National University of Singapore 2009/10 academic year, testing revealed (YSTCM) students had a reasonable understanding of Basic English grammar but many had difficulty applying their understanding to contextualized grammatical errors in longer texts such as paragraphs. The ability to self correct grammatical errors in longer texts is essential for foreign students studying in English as this skill is necessary for them to progress to their next level of interlanguage competence. In order to address this problem four pedagogic strategies were implemented.
A blog is basically a website where you can publish most forms of media and receive feedback and comments and respond to them. (show a blog)The blog post, the comment, the review, the revision…all on one’s own website.Increasingly relevant to our students as businesses use blogs to communicate with their customers. (show corporate blogs
Most of the time not an issue – any student who does not know can get a friend to help or the tutor can help directly.Levels of formality need to stipulated 2. Students need direction - Teacher needs to be actively involved – monitoring blog post activity, writing blog posts and chasing up late posters/commentersManaging the blogging activity - Fully integrated learning.It is a collaborative and interactive multi-media platform. Audio, video, photos and internet hyperlinks can all be used by the blogger to facilitate understanding and express meaning. Pedagogic uses enable worthwhile peer learning. The lecturers role is to workout how to best exploit the platform to support the courses learning outcomes
Students were given blogging assignments such as thisPaired up with a blogging buddy and divided into blogging groups (give rationale for participation and management)After you have read and listened to at least two of your blogging group members posts on the same topic, comment on one piece of music/CD from one of your classmates’ blogs – explain why you like it/dislike it.Note: Students were told to ensure all posts were in formal English whilst comments could be more informal.
This is how the process looked on the timetable.Unpack the timetable break down the GE 1& 2 and the homeworkAll activity is specific to the blog post generated that week from the student and all comments are related to that post.
One lesson 4 live blog editing. In bogging buddy pairs the students were instructed to review each others blog posts alternatively. This was done after I noticed they were focusing on one blog only. For example to look at student As first post for composition and grammar problems and then student Bs first blog post and so on. As you can see from the photos the students enjoyed the process and were very engaged throughout. As I monitored I made myself available to questions but encouraged as much peer and self correction as possible. Once the students realised that they happily negotiated meaning and understanding with their blogging buddy. One thing I did notice was that one pair were quite unevenly matched so swapped them with another I also pair which seemed to balance things out. I also asked them to post some of the corrections they had worked on to each other just so I could have a written account of the observations I was making.
Much of the process was verbal – that is corrections were made through verbal exchanges. However, many comments were made and not only about the grammar but about the content and purpose of the text.
Copied original post and then was able to compare it with the edited version. Useful to see what was happening and also useful for conferencing with students where misunderstanding could be clarified.
Questionnaire – two categories – blogs generally and blogging and grammar.Generally very positive – between 40 and 60 % of each 100% agreement was actually strong agreement.
The primary goal of the blogging exercise received excellent feedback.Furthermore
Pedagogical Blogging for University CoursesChris Harwood (National University of Singapore) Ubiquitous Learning Conference UBC, Vancouver December 2010
What blogging is Write • PostRead Get Feedback• Comment • Revise
Generating text using blog posts Improve grammar editingLive blog Grammar editing awareness
Managing the blogging process• Each student sets up a blog site in the first week of class• Blogging buddies and groups established• Each writes a post of 60-100 words on a bi-weekly basis• Each responds to at least 2 classmates’ posts in the week following each post
Week 3 How music makes you feel (Post #2)Describe a piece of music or a CD from anartist you admire. Describe how it makes youfeel and what happens musically or lyricallywithin the music to make you feel that way.Upload a YouTube or an mp3 link to your blogto allow classmates to listen and comment onthe piece of music/CD.
Wk Tutorial 1 Tutorial 2 Homework 26/1/2010 28/1/2010 3 Tut 1: 2nd blog post Paragraph Reading skills Tut 2: Comment on Writing 1 Grammar: blogging partners post Grammar: articles (2) and edit blogs for article articles (1) errors.
Student comments• I think you should change CHOSEN to CHOOSE• I dont understand what you mean by extremely well. I know the meaning of it. But I feel this adverb is too affirmative. Conductors are learning pieces as well.
Peer Learning• Maybe you can use • I think you also need "concern" instead of write something "consider" it has lots about how this piece = there are lots of make you feel, not difficulties only introduce a informations = piece. information
original post edited postI have been study playing violin for I have been playing violin for 1919 years. years.Every day I listened to them till fall Every day I listened to their music tillasleep. fell asleep.I have played piano before I learnt I had played piano before I learnt thethe contrabass. contrabass.
agreement • I like blogging as an • I liked reading activity (90%) classmates written posts (100%)• I like making comments • I believe blogging is a on my classmates good way to learn from writing (100%) other students (100%)
agreement • I learnt grammar from • Looking for grammar my classmates (80%) mistakes on my blog really made me think• Blogging on EM1201 more about grammar helped me to find (100%) grammar mistakes in my work (100%) • 80% of students posted more than the required number of posts.