German 11


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  • German 11

    1. 1. German Christmas Rebecca Gorgitza
    2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Introduction ……….. Slide 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Gift Giving ………..… Slide 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Trees......... Slide 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Songs…….. Slide 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Dinner…..... Slide 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Dessert…………………. Slide 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Festive Drinks……......… Slide 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Market…..….... Slide 21 </li></ul><ul><li>Sources Cited…………….. Slide 22 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Christmas in Germany is a very special holiday. It has been celebrated for many centuries as a religious holiday. Recently, as it has in Canada, Christmas has morphed from a strictly religious holiday to a day to decorate a Christmas tree, give gifts, have special foods, and celebrate family and giving. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Gift Giving <ul><li>Though St. Nicholas day, the 6th of December, was originally the day gifts were received (mainly by children), gift-giving on Christmas as well as St. Nicholas day is common. The gifts children receive are said to come from Christkind (Christ Child) or Weihnachtsmann (Santa Claus). </li></ul>
    5. 5. Gift Giving <ul><li>It is tradition to open presents on the night of the 24th, unlike in Canada where most people must wait until the morning of the 25th. The presents are placed in stockings hung at the ends of beds, on the mantle, or placed under Christmas trees. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Christmas Trees: A History <ul><li>Christmas Trees are another popular symbol of Christmas in Germany. People have been decorating trees for Christmas since the 16th century in Germany. Christmas trees were originally used in plays to represent the apple tree, called the paradise tree, biblical figure Eve stole the forbidden fruit from. Soon, paradise trees became an in-home decoration on the 24th and 25th of December. </li></ul><ul><li>Paradise trees were decorated with apples and cookies </li></ul>
    7. 7. Decorating the Tree <ul><li>A tradition that still persists is that the Christmas tree is not to be decorated until the eve of the 24th which is the day of Adam and Eve. Trees are decorated with lights and tinsel and other ornaments, same as in Canada. There are even Christmas songs about Christmas trees, such as “ Oh Tannenbaum ” (Tannenbaum actually means fir tree, not Christmas tree! The English version of the song is incorrect to start with “ Oh Christmas tree ” ) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Christmas Songs <ul><li>There are quite a few German Christmas carols dating from the 16th century to the present. Most relate to the religious meaning of Christmas such as “ Lasst uns froh und munter sein ” ( “ Let Us Be Happy And Cheerful) (*this song is traditionally sung then eve before St. Nicholas day), “ Ihr Kinderlein, kommt ” ( “ Oh, Come, Little Children ” ), and “ Es ist f ü r uns eine Zeit angekommen ” (Unto us a time has come). </li></ul>
    9. 9. Es ist f ü r uns eine Zeit angekommen <ul><li>Es ist für uns eine Zeit angekommen, es ist für uns eine große Gnad'. Unser Heiland, Jesus Christ, der für uns, der für uns, der für uns Mensch geworden ist. In der Krippe muss er liegen, und wenn's der härteste Felsen wär': Zwischen Ochs' und Eselein liegst du, liegst du, liegst du armes Jesulein. Drei König' kamen, ihn zu suchen, der Stern führt' sie nach Bethlehem. Kron' und Zepter legten sie ab, brachten ihm, brachten ihm, brachten ihm ihre reiche Gab' </li></ul><ul><li>Unto us a time has come, it is a great grace for us. Our saviour, Jesus Christ, has become man for us. In the cradle he must lie, and if it were the hardest rock: Between ox and ass you lie, poor little Jesus. Three kings came to seek for him, the star led them to Bethlehem. Crown and sceptres they put down, brought him their rich gift. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Christmas Dinner <ul><li>In most places in Germany, it is common for a family to have a simple meal consisting of more common German foods such as sausage and macaroni salad on Christmas Eve (the 24 th ). The 25 th , however, is a feast. Of course, the date on which a fancy dinner is served varies from region to region and family to family. </li></ul>
    11. 11. What to Eat…. <ul><li>Traditional Christmas dinners include roast goose and roast carp, red cabbage, potato dumplings. This is followed by many treats such as Marzipan (a confection made mainly of sugar and almond meal) , Lebkuchen (spice bars), and various fruit cakes or fruit breads. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Christmas Day Dinner: A Feast <ul><li>Traditional Christmas Day dinners include: </li></ul><ul><li>G ä nsebraten ( roast goose) </li></ul><ul><li>roast carp </li></ul><ul><li>red cabbage </li></ul><ul><li>roasted potatoes. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Rinse bird inside and out, and drain well. The wings </li></ul><ul><li>may be removed at the second joint or tied flat against </li></ul><ul><li>the body. Removed wing pieces can be cooked with </li></ul><ul><li>giblets. </li></ul><ul><li>To make the stuffing, combine the bread cubes, </li></ul><ul><li>apples, and raisins in a large bowl. Mix he sugar with </li></ul><ul><li>the salt, cinnamon, and allspice; sprinkle this over the </li></ul><ul><li>bread mixture and toss well. Stir in water and butter. </li></ul><ul><li>Fill the neck and body cavity loosely with stuffing. </li></ul><ul><li>Fasten the neck skin to the back of the goose with a </li></ul><ul><li>skewer. </li></ul><ul><li>Place goose, breast side up, on a rack in a roasting </li></ul><ul><li>pan. Insert a meat thermometer deep into inside thigh </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle without touching the bone. Roast, uncovered, </li></ul><ul><li>for 1 hour in 400F oven. It is not necessary to baste. During roasting, spoon or siphon off accumulating </li></ul><ul><li>fat at half hour intervals so that the fat does not brown </li></ul><ul><li>excessively. </li></ul><ul><li>After roasting for 1 hour, reduce oven temperature </li></ul><ul><li>to 325F and continue cooking for 1½ - 2 hours, or until </li></ul><ul><li>Thermometer registers 180-185F. Stuffing temperature </li></ul><ul><li>should also be checked and register 165F. </li></ul><ul><li>Roast Goose with German-Style Sweet Stuffing: </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>1 goose, fresh or frozen 8-10 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Stuffing: </li></ul><ul><li>6 cups day-old bread, cut into cubes </li></ul><ul><li>3 cups chopped apples </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup raisins </li></ul><ul><li>½ cup sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon salt </li></ul><ul><li>½ teaspoon cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon allspice </li></ul><ul><li>½ cup water </li></ul><ul><li>¼ cup melted butter </li></ul><ul><li>Directions: </li></ul><ul><li>If goose is frozen, thaw it. Remove </li></ul><ul><li>The neck and giblets from the </li></ul><ul><li>body cavity; cook them </li></ul><ul><li>immediately in enough salted </li></ul><ul><li>water to cover and reserve for </li></ul><ul><li>another use. Remove excess fat </li></ul><ul><li>From the body cavity and neck </li></ul><ul><li>skin. Reserve this fat and render it </li></ul><ul><li>for use in other cooking. </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>German-Style Red Cabbage </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>1 medium onion, sliced </li></ul><ul><li>1 unpeeled apple, sliced </li></ul><ul><li>1 medium red cabbage, shredded </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 cup sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 cup white vinegar </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 teaspoon salt, optional </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 teaspoon pepper </li></ul><ul><li>Directions </li></ul><ul><li>Coat the inside of a large Dutch oven with cooking spray. Saute onion and apple until tender. Add all remaining ingredients. Cover and cook until tender, about 1 hour. Serve hot or cold. ( Yield:  10 servings.) </li></ul><ul><li>Potato Dumplings </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>1 lb. potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>2 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Nutmeg </li></ul><ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>Directions </li></ul><ul><li>Boil and mash half of the potatoes. Grate the other raw potatoes and squeeze out liquid. Combine all the potatoes with the eggs and season with nutmeg and salt. Shape dough into large round dumplings and cook in boiling water. </li></ul>German Side-Dishes
    15. 15. Dessert <ul><li>Dinner is followed by many treats such as Marzipan (a confection made mainly of sugar and almond meal) , Lebkuchen (spice bars), pudding, and/or various fruit cakes or fruit breads. </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Stollen Bread and Butter Pudding </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>1 lb 2 oz (500 grams) German Stollen </li></ul><ul><li>2 ounces butter, softened for spreading </li></ul><ul><li>3 1/2 ounces canned cherries in syrup, drained (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>For the custard: </li></ul><ul><li>2 medium eggs plus 2 egg yolks </li></ul><ul><li>8 ounces heavy whipping cream </li></ul><ul><li>12 ounces milk </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 4 tablespoons superfine sugar </li></ul><ul><li>1/8 teaspoon almond extract </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: </li></ul><ul><li>Slice the Stollen thinly and spread one </li></ul><ul><li>side with butter. Stack in slightly </li></ul><ul><li>angled layers in a large lightly buttered </li></ul><ul><li>oven proof dish. Scatter cherries in </li></ul><ul><li>between layers, if desired. Beat the </li></ul><ul><li>eggs and the yolks with the cream, </li></ul><ul><li>milk, superfine sugar and the almond </li></ul><ul><li>extract. Slowly pour over the Stollen </li></ul><ul><li>slices, pressing them down into the </li></ul><ul><li>liquid so they are well soaked. </li></ul><ul><li>Refrigerate for one to two hours </li></ul><ul><li>or until custard mixture is absorbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Place </li></ul><ul><li>the dish in a roasting pan and when </li></ul><ul><li>ready to bake, pour in boiling water to </li></ul><ul><li>come halfway up the baking dish sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully place in the oven and bake for </li></ul><ul><li>about 40 minutes or until the top is light </li></ul><ul><li>golden brown and crisp. Cool for 10 to 15 </li></ul><ul><li>minutes before serving, sprinkled </li></ul><ul><li>with the powdered sugar. </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Bratäpfel mit Marzipan und Moosbeeren ( Baked Apples with Marzipan and Cranberry) </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients: </li></ul><ul><li>4 large, firm, tart apples such as McIntosh, or Honeycrisp </li></ul><ul><li>3 tablespoons German red currant jelly </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 cup halved fresh cranberries </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon ground cinnamon, divided </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 cup chopped or grated German marzipan </li></ul><ul><li>1 (4-ounce) tub sour cream </li></ul><ul><li>2 tablespoons confectioners' sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: </li></ul><ul><li>Using an apple corer, remove each apple's core. Use the corer to carve out a wider hole. Using the tip of a paring knife, score around the middle of each apple. This will help the apples keep their shape while baking. </li></ul><ul><li>Preheat oven to 325 degrees F. Place currant jelly in a saucepan, and cook on low heat, letting it thin to a syrupy consistency. Stir in cranberries, letting them barely cook for a minute or so. Stir in 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and nutmeg. Let mixture cool and become firm. </li></ul><ul><li>Press a bit of marzipan into each apple cavity. Spoon in some cranberry mixture. Add more marzipan, then more cranberry mixture and so on until cavities are filled, letting cranberry mixture be on top. Bake 45 minutes to 1 hour, basting every 15 minutes with pan juices, until skins are lightly wrinkled and flesh is soft. </li></ul><ul><li>Stir together sour cream, confectioners' sugar and remaining cinnamon; serve this mixture alongside apples. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Festive Drinks <ul><li>There are a variety of alcoholic and non alcoholic </li></ul><ul><li>Beverages that are drunk at Christmastime in Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the most popular are: </li></ul><ul><li>Feuerzangenbowle, a hot mulled wine with high percentage alcohol rum all light on fire, </li></ul><ul><li>Glühwein, consisting of mulled wine and a shot of brandy served in a ceramic mug which was specifically designed for German Christmas Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Kinderpunsch, a non alcoholic beverage for those who are under 16 years of age. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Alcoholic Beverages <ul><li>Feuerzangenbowle </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 organic oranges </li></ul><ul><li>2 organic lemons </li></ul><ul><li>2 bottles dry red wine </li></ul><ul><li>1 cinnamon stick </li></ul><ul><li>5 cloves </li></ul><ul><li>1 pinch ginger (ground) </li></ul><ul><li>1 sugar cone </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups brown rum (at least 54% alcohol) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: </li></ul><ul><li>Wash oranges and lemons thoroughly, pat dry </li></ul><ul><li>And Cut into slices or wedges. In a large pot </li></ul><ul><li>Combine red wine, oranges, lemons cinnamon, </li></ul><ul><li>cloves and ginger. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat slowly making sure it does not come to a </li></ul><ul><li>boil. Remove pot from heat and place on a heat </li></ul><ul><li>Source (such as from a Fondue set). Place sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Cone into metal holder (&quot;Feuerzange&quot;). Soak </li></ul><ul><li>sugar cone with rum and carefully light it. The </li></ul><ul><li>sugar will melt and drip into the wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Little by little start adding more rum to the sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Cone using along-handled ladle. Once the sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Cone and rum have completely burned off, gently </li></ul><ul><li>stir the concoction and serve in mugs or </li></ul><ul><li>heatproof glasses. </li></ul><ul><li>Glühwein </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>Caster sugar (start with about 2 cups, add to taste) </li></ul><ul><li>6 - 8 Cinnamon sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Whole cloves </li></ul><ul><li>2 Oranges </li></ul><ul><li>Whole allspice </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups of orange juice </li></ul><ul><li>Brandy, sweet sherry or port (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: </li></ul><ul><li>Pour the red wine into a large pot and heat on </li></ul><ul><li>very low heat – you must not let the wine boil. </li></ul><ul><li>Cut the oranges into slices and then put about 4 </li></ul><ul><li>cloves into each slice. Put them in with the </li></ul><ul><li>wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Break the cinnamon sticks into halves, put </li></ul><ul><li>them in the wine as well as 10 of the whole all </li></ul><ul><li>spice. </li></ul><ul><li>Add in the sherry or port as well as 2 cups of </li></ul><ul><li>orange juice. </li></ul><ul><li>Add in 2 cups of sugar and stir. </li></ul><ul><li>Stir on and off for about 30 mins. Taste, adding </li></ul><ul><li>sugar as needed. Let it cook for about 30 mins </li></ul><ul><li>more, never letting it boil. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Kinderpunsch <ul><li>The legal drinking age in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>is: </li></ul><ul><li>14 when parents are present, </li></ul><ul><li>16 if you are only drinking beer or wine, </li></ul><ul><li>18 if you are drinking spirits. </li></ul><ul><li>So, of course, there is a non </li></ul><ul><li>alcoholic alternative. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinderpunsch is a tasty, kid </li></ul><ul><li>friendly version of mulled wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups of cherry juice </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups of orange juice </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups of cranberry or cranberry-apple juice </li></ul><ul><li>3 tablespoons of raw brown sugar or more to taste </li></ul><ul><li>5 cloves </li></ul><ul><li>1 star anise </li></ul><ul><li>1 cinnamon stick </li></ul><ul><li>3 tablespoons dried orange zest chunks </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Place all ingredients in a pan; stir, and simmer (do not boil) until the spices fall to the bottom of the pot. Add additional amounts of seasonings if desired. Pour through into sieve and into mugs </li></ul>
    21. 21. Christmas Market <ul><li>If you want to experience the fun of German Christmas, a German Christmas Market is the place to go. At German Christmas Markets you will find venders selling traditional foods, toys, specialty items, gifts, and souvenirs. Traditional music is played, and there will be dancing! A Christmas pageant may be held, and history on the holiday as well as local culture will surely be a large part of the Market. If you can’t visit a Christmas Market in Germany, many countries, including Canada put on German-style Christmas Markets. In fact, there is even one held in Downtown Vancouver! </li></ul><ul><li>Froehliche Weihnachten </li></ul>
    22. 22. Sources Cited <ul><li> , December 20, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>, December 20, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>, December 21, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>, December 21, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>, December 21, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>, December 21, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 1 , January 3, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 2 , January 3, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 3 , January 3, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 4 , January 3, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 5 , January 3, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 6 , January 4, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 7 , January 4, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 8 , January 4, 2012 </li></ul>
    23. 23. Sources Cited <ul><li> , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 9 , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 10 , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 11 , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 12 , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 13 , January 5, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 14 , January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 15 , January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 16, 17 , January 6, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>, January 7, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li> , January 7, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 18 , January 7, 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Pic 19 , January 7, 2012 </li></ul>