National Civic Summit - Emily Hoban Kirby

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National Civic Summit - Emily Hoban Kirby

  1. 1. “State Voting Laws: How They Affect Young Voters” www.civicyouth.org www.civicyouth.org
  2. 2. Workshop Outline • Introductions • 2008 Youth Vote Quiz • Answers: What Happened in 2008 • Small Group Discussion • Debrief/Closing www.civicyouth.org
  3. 3. The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement www.civicyouth.org A national research institute on youth civic and political engagement Doing Research …Calculating such basic facts as the youth voter turnout and differences in volunteering and voting among various youth groups Supporting a Research Field …Realizing a national civic research agenda by subgranting over $3.5 million in research grants Making Connections …Connecting the research world and policy and practice Based at Tufts University’s Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service activecitizen.tufts.edu www.civicyouth.org
  4. 4. 2008 Youth Vote Quiz Answers www.civicyouth.org
  5. 5. Question #1: How many 18- to 29-year-olds were eligible to vote in the 2008 general election? d. 20 million e. 44 million f. 68 million g. 77 million www.civicyouth.org
  6. 6. Question #1: How many 18- to 29-year-olds were eligible to vote in the 2008 general election? • 20 million • 44 million • 68 million • 77 million www.civicyouth.org
  7. 7. •Current college students. These are individuals who at the time of our survey said they were enrolled in a college or university. Education Classifications Ages 18-24 Registration Turnout Rate Rate (of citizens) 1. College graduates: These are individuals with at least a bachelor’s degree. 77% 70% 2. Current college students. These are individuals who at the time of our survey said they were enrolled in a college or 70% 60% university. 3. Young people with some college experience: These are young people who have said they have more education than a 64% 51% high school diploma, but are not currently enrolled in school. This group includes young people who may have dropped out of college, have an associate’s degree or technical degree, or who are taking time off from school. 4. Non-college youth: These are young people who have no college experience. 46% 36% www.civicyouth.org
  8. 8. www.civicyouth.org
  9. 9. Women Were More Mobilized Source: National Election www.civicyouth.org Pool, National Exit Poll 2008
  10. 10. www.civicyouth.org
  11. 11. Question #2: Which of these three Get-Out-The-Vote tactics, on average, leads to the highest increase in youth voter turnout? c. Peer canvassing d. Robocalls e. Non-partisan leaflets www.civicyouth.org
  12. 12. Question #2: Which of these three Get-Out-The-Vote tactics, on average, leads to the highest increase in youth voter turnout? • Peer canvassing • Robocalls • Non-partisan leaflets www.civicyouth.org
  13. 13. Did anyone call you or talk to you in person on behalf of either major presidential campaign about coming out to vote? Source: National Election www.civicyouth.org Pool, National Exit Poll 2008
  14. 14. Question #3: Which of these state policies/laws, on average, increases youth voter turnout the most? c. Getting mailed your polling site information before the election d. Extended polling location hours e. Election Day Registration f. Getting mailed a sample ballot before the election www.civicyouth.org
  15. 15. Question #3: Which of these state policies/laws, on average, increases youth voter turnout the most? • Getting mailed your polling site information before the election • Extended polling location hours • Election Day Registration • Getting mailed a sample ballot before the election www.civicyouth.org
  16. 16. 80% 76.0% Figure 1: 18-29 Turnout in 08 Election by State 70% •60% 51.10% (National) •50% States that implement Election Day Registration 40% 30.9% 30% •20% North Dakota Does not require advance registration 10% 0% IL H R IN ID IA N I M F W I L C K C K X V Y T S T S T A A D A J D N N N U A A D N A A P Z L L R N C K C E S M A C E Y T T V V M M O O O G O N N A H W D H C K R I I W M M M M E S T W M N D N A Y V O A www.civicyouth.org
  17. 17. 4. What percent of young voters voted by mail in the 2008 Election? a. 2% b. 24% c. 56% d. 14% www.civicyouth.org
  18. 18. 4. What percent of young voters voted by mail in the 2008 Election? a. 2% b. 24% c. 56% d. 14% www.civicyouth.org
  19. 19. • Fourteen percent of young Americans who voted did so by mail. • In the states where No-Excuse Absentee Voting was an option, 23% of young people who voted did so via absentee ballot. www.civicyouth.org
  20. 20. 5. During the 2008 Presidential Election, how many states offered Election Day Registration? a. 12 b. 24 c. 32 d. 9 www.civicyouth.org
  21. 21. 5. During the 2008 Presidential Election, how many states offered Election Day Registration? a. 12 b. 24 c. 32 d. 9 www.civicyouth.org
  22. 22. Figure 2: Effect of EDR on Youth Voter Turnout 80% 70% 63% 61% 69%62% 56% 54% 58%58% 59% 60% 51% 50% 47% 44% 50% 41% 45% 40% 35% 30% 20% 10% 0% EDR No EDR All 18-29 www.civicyouth.org
  23. 23. Question #6 Of the young people who didn’t register to vote in the 2008 Presidential election, what was the top reason they gave for not registering? a. They did not meet the registration deadline in their state b. They did not know where or how to register c. They did not meet the residency requirement for registration www.civicyouth.org
  24. 24. Question #6 Of the young people who didn’t register to vote in the 2008 Presidential election, what was the top reason they gave for not registering? a. They did not meet the registration deadline in their state b. They did not know where or how to register c. They did not meet the residency requirement for registration www.civicyouth.org
  25. 25. • 21% of 18- to 29-year-olds who did not register to vote stated that they did not meet the registration deadlines in their states. • An additional six percent stated that they did not know where or how to register. • And four percent said that they did not meet the residency requirement for registration. www.civicyouth.org
  26. 26. Question # 7 What level of support did Presidential Candidates Barack Obama and John McCain receive from young voters in the 2008 election? a. Obama 71% vs. McCain 29% b. Obama 52% vs. McCain 48% c. Obama 68% vs. McCain 32% d. Obama 45% vs. McCain 55% www.civicyouth.org
  27. 27. Question # 7 What level of support did Presidential Candidates Barack Obama and John McCain receive from young voters in the 2008 election? a. Obama 71% vs. McCain 29% b. Obama 52% vs. McCain 48% c. Obama 68% vs. McCain 32% d. Obama 45% vs. McCain 55% www.civicyouth.org
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  30. 30. Question #7: If young people (18-29) with ANY college experience make up 57% of the youth population generally, what percentage did they make up of the youth who turned out to vote in November 2008? c. 53% d. 43% e. 70% f. 61% www.civicyouth.org
  31. 31. Question #7: If young people (18-29) with ANY college experience make up 57% of the youth population generally, what percentage did they make up of the youth who turned out to vote in November 2008? •53% •43% •70% •61% www.civicyouth.org
  32. 32. www.civicyouth.org
  33. 33. Question #8: Among young people (age 18-29) which racial/ethnic group had the highest turnout rate in 2008? a. African-American b. White c. Latino d. Asian/Pacific Islander www.civicyouth.org
  34. 34. Question # 8: Among young people (age 18-29) which racial/ethnic group had the highest turnout rate in 2008? a. African-American b. White c. Latino d. Asian/Pacific Islander www.civicyouth.org
  35. 35. www.civicyouth.org
  36. 36. Party Identification by Age and Race, 2008 Source: National Election www.civicyouth.org Pool, National Exit Poll 2008
  37. 37. Young Voters: A Diverse Cohort Source: National Election www.civicyouth.org Pool, National Exit Poll 2008
  38. 38. Question #9: Which state had the highest youth turnout in 2008? a. Minnesota b. Iowa c. Oregon www.civicyouth.org
  39. 39. Question #9: Which state had the highest youth turnout in 2008? a. Minnesota b. Iowa c. Oregon www.civicyouth.org
  40. 40. For More Information… • CIRCLE Fact Sheet: “State Election Law Reform and Youth Voter Turnout” By Kei Kawashima- Ginsberg, Amanda Nover, and Emily Hoban Kirby, July 2009 • Wolfinger, Highton & Mullin(2003). How Postregistration Laws Affect the Turnout of Registrants, CIRCLE Working Paper 15. Available at: http://www.civicyouth.org/PopUps/WorkingPapers/WP15Wolfinger.pdf • Fitzgerald (2003). Easier Voting Methods Boost Voter Turnout. CIRCLE Working Paper 1. Available at: http://www.civicyouth.org/PopUps/WorkingPapers/WP01Fitzgerald.pdf. • Knack & White (2000). Election-Day Registration and Turnout Inequality. Political Behavior, 22, 29-44. • Gronke, P., Galanes-Rosenbaum, E. & Miller, P.A. (2007). Early Voting and Turnout. PS: Political Science & Politics, October 2007. Available at: http://www.earlyvoting.net/resources/ohio07.pdf. Also see http://www.verifiedvotingfoundation.org/downloads/Newvvpbcosts.pdf for sample financial worksheet for paper-ballot cost savings. www.civicyouth.org Emily Hoban Kirby - emily.kirby@tufts.edu www.civicyouth.org

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