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Wilderness survival

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  • 1. Basic Wilderness Survival Bryan Clanton Griffin Police Explorers Advisor 770-229-6450 x504 [email_address]
  • 2. Purpose Given the nature of being out in the woods, the Police Explorer will identify the basic skills for wilderness survival and promote safety through education, in accordance with US Army Survival Manual: FM 21-76 .
  • 3. Enabling Objectives
    • Explain why survival skills are needed.
    • Discuss lost prevention.
    • Identify five basic skills for survival.
  • 4. Why Are Survival Skills Needed?
    • Something can happen to anyone…
      • An experienced outdoor person
      • The family that was on a leisurely hike
      • A vehicle problem in a rural area
  • 5. I’M LOST! I’M STRANDED! Even a small child can help themselves! Shelter Water Food
  • 6. Lost Prevention
    • Tell someone where you are going and when you plan to return
    • Know your location on the map
    • Allow enough time for the trip
    • Keep track of time and distance
    • Stay on trails or routes
    • Learn basic outdoor and survival skills
  • 7. Lost Prevention (continued)
    • Survival Gear
      • Flashlight
      • Water bottle
      • Snacks
      • First aid kit
      • Map
      • Compass
      • Insect Repellent
  • 8. Lost Prevention (contd)
      • Trash bag
      • Poncho or Space Blanket
      • Whistle
      • Bandana/bright material
      • Purifying tablets
      • Waterproof matches
      • Candy
      • Lighter
      • Candle
      • Cord or string
      • Fishing hook
      • Fishing line
      • Magnesium fire starter
      • Optional items:
        • Mirror
        • Knife or Multi-tool
    Basic Survival Kit
  • 9. Mental Preparedness
    • Mindset to survive
    • STOP
      • S is for Stop
      • T is for Think
      • O is for Observe
      • P is for Plan
    • “ Having the skill to survive is important, having the will to survive is essential!”
    • ( US Army Survival Manual: FM 21-76)
  • 10. Water
    • Boil the water at least 5 minutes
    • Chemical treatments
    • Filtration system
  • 11. Where to Find Water
    • Rivers / streams
    • Tree crotches
    • Rock crevices
    • Vegetation still
  • 12. Water (contd)
    • Never drink:
      • Alcohol
      • Blood
      • Urine ( Bear Grylls does it, but as a last resort!!!)
      • Seawater
      • Salt will dehydrate you and make you sick
  • 13. Food
    • Vegetation
    • Insects
    • Mollusks
    • Snakes
    • Fish
    • Birds
    • Mammals
    FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH APPROPRIATE FOOD SOURCES PRIOR TO HEADING OUT! EATING THE WRONG THING CAN MAKE THE SITUATION WORSE OR EVEN KILL YOU!
  • 14. Shelter
    • Protects you from:
      • Sun
      • Rain
      • Snow
      • Cold
      • Wind
      • Animals
  • 15. DON’T build a shelter
    • In low-lying areas
    • Areas with strong wind currents
    • Where limbs might fall
    • Heavy wooded areas
    • Near water
    • Near ant hills or bee nests
  • 16. DO build a shelter
    • Facing east
    • Within reach to water
    • At a location with building materials
    • In a visible location
    • Make it small
    • Using natural windbreaks
  • 17. Types of Shelters
    • Natural
    • Lean-to
    • Debris hut
  • 18. Natural
    • Caves
    • Clumps of bushes
    • Low-hanging limbs
  • 19. Lean-To
    • Takes longer to make
    • Protects from elements
  • 20. Debris hut
    • Good insulator
    • Easy to construct
  • 21. Fire
    • Uses:
      • Warmth
      • To cook
      • To purify water
      • To signal for help
  • 22. Risks Associated With Fire
    • Forest fires
    • Burns
    • Carbon Monoxide
  • 23. Fire Safety
    • A safe site
    • A safe fire
    • Complete extinction
  • 24. Fire (continued)
    • Fire site
      • Cleared area 10ft. in diameter
    • Build a fire on
      • Plain dirt
      • Sand/gravel
      • Rock
      • Greenwood
  • 25. 3 Elements of Fire
    • Oxygen
    • Fuel
    • Heat
  • 26. Fire Materials
    • Tinder = toothpick
    • Kindling = pencil
    • Fuel = small branch
  • 27. Three Basic Fires
    • Quick, hot, small fire
      • For frying or boiling
    • Firm bed of hot glowing coals
      • For roasting or baking
    • Large ramp fire
      • For heat, signal or light
  • 28. Fire Starters
    • Matches
    • Lighter
    • Fire by friction
    • Magnesium fire starter
    • Batteries and steel wool
  • 29. Common Fire Lays
    • Teepee—quick
    • Lean-to—quick
    • Crisscross or log cabin—long burning
  • 30. REVIEW
    • Ask yourself…
    • Why are survival skills are needed?
    • What is lost prevention?
    • What are five basic skills for survival?