<ul><li>Academic Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Lang </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Food Policy, City University London </li>...
Why write? <ul><li>Self  </li></ul><ul><li>Employer </li></ul><ul><li>REF / RAE </li></ul><ul><li>Body of knowledge </li><...
Measures of success <ul><li>Facing your own demons? </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity? </li></ul><ul><li>Citations? </li></ul><u...
What to write? <ul><li>Arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Study  </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><u...
For whom to write? <ul><li>Public (to aid public understanding) </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Profession </l...
What mode? <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Peer review article </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter  </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism: pop...
Writing a thesis <ul><li>Everything depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Which level: MSc / MPhil / PhD </li></ul><ul><li>What su...
Advice  <ul><li>Take advice </li></ul><ul><li>Look at role models </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with peer groups </li></ul><ul><l...
Clarify what you want to say <ul><li>Why are you doing this? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it need airing? </li></ul><ul><li>Does...
Time allocation <ul><li>Think first: clear your mind to focus </li></ul><ul><li>Planning: different structures  </li></ul>...
Communication & dissemination  of doctoral work
Getting started <ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Think format </li></ul><ul><li>How many versions? </li></ul><ul><li>Ed...
Anticipating problems <ul><li>The critics </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigms  </li></ul><ul><li>Specif...
Strategy <ul><li>What’s the big picture? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a ‘one-off’ or start of something? </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
Constituency <ul><li>Consumers? </li></ul><ul><li>Science? </li></ul><ul><li>Public interest? </li></ul><ul><li>Career? </...
Ethics <ul><li>Freedom of information?  </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality? </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation? </li></ul><ul><...
Style <ul><li>Simplicity  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 facts, 3 problems, 3 solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being positive </l...
Delivery & practicalities <ul><li>Timing, timing, timing </li></ul><ul><li>Planning? </li></ul><ul><li>Working with press ...
Examples: long game <ul><li>Food adulteration: LFC 1980s    Food Safety Act 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>MAFF Reform: mid 1990s...
Discussion <ul><li>Your own confidence, fears and nightmares? </li></ul><ul><li>Messages  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 things, ...
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Academic writing by Tim Lang

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Academic writing by Tim Lang

  1. 1. <ul><li>Academic Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Tim Lang </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Food Policy, City University London </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Research Development Day, 23 Nov 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>‘ </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why write? <ul><li>Self </li></ul><ul><li>Employer </li></ul><ul><li>REF / RAE </li></ul><ul><li>Body of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Career </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution to science / knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>
  3. 3. Measures of success <ul><li>Facing your own demons? </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity? </li></ul><ul><li>Citations? </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem? </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition? </li></ul><ul><li>Career? </li></ul><ul><li>Personal satisfaction? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What to write? <ul><li>Arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Study </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Briefing </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism </li></ul>
  5. 5. For whom to write? <ul><li>Public (to aid public understanding) </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Profession </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>NGO networks </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Blog / twitter (?) </li></ul><ul><li>The public? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What mode? <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Peer review article </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism: popular / serious </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>NGO </li></ul><ul><li>Self-publish </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul>
  7. 7. Writing a thesis <ul><li>Everything depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>Which level: MSc / MPhil / PhD </li></ul><ul><li>What subject </li></ul><ul><li>What discipline </li></ul><ul><li>What your supervisory team advices </li></ul>
  8. 8. Advice <ul><li>Take advice </li></ul><ul><li>Look at role models </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with peer groups </li></ul><ul><li>Look at past theses in your area </li></ul><ul><li>Do some formal papers as soon as possible before branching out </li></ul>
  9. 9. Clarify what you want to say <ul><li>Why are you doing this? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it need airing? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it need publicity? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you learned? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s new? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the angle? </li></ul><ul><li>Who might be interested? </li></ul><ul><li>Who’s opposed to it? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Time allocation <ul><li>Think first: clear your mind to focus </li></ul><ul><li>Planning: different structures </li></ul><ul><li>Organise folders </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>Backing up </li></ul><ul><li>Showing to others </li></ul><ul><li>Revising </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-editing: spelling, syntax, language </li></ul><ul><li>Proof-reading </li></ul><ul><li>Finalising </li></ul><ul><li>Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Delivering </li></ul>
  11. 11. Communication & dissemination of doctoral work
  12. 12. Getting started <ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul><ul><li>Think format </li></ul><ul><li>How many versions? </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Referencing system </li></ul><ul><li>Language (style) </li></ul><ul><li>Data presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Proof-reading process </li></ul>
  13. 13. Anticipating problems <ul><li>The critics </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigms </li></ul><ul><li>Specific data issues </li></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul>
  14. 14. Strategy <ul><li>What’s the big picture? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a ‘one-off’ or start of something? </li></ul><ul><li>Whom do you want to influence? </li></ul><ul><li>Whom do you want to confront? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the field? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the big players in the field? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Constituency <ul><li>Consumers? </li></ul><ul><li>Science? </li></ul><ul><li>Public interest? </li></ul><ul><li>Career? </li></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ethics <ul><li>Freedom of information? </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality? </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation? </li></ul><ul><li>Working with supervisors? </li></ul><ul><li>Writing them into the process? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Style <ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 facts, 3 problems, 3 solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being positive </li></ul><ul><li>Human angle </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t take it personally </li></ul>
  18. 18. Delivery & practicalities <ul><li>Timing, timing, timing </li></ul><ul><li>Planning? </li></ul><ul><li>Working with press alone or on yr own? </li></ul><ul><li>Press Office involved? </li></ul><ul><li>Co-ordination? </li></ul><ul><li>Website or hard copy? </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a ‘running sheet’ </li></ul><ul><li>Do a ‘hymn sheet’ </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for the unexpected – silence & big time (D Exp) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Examples: long game <ul><li>Food adulteration: LFC 1980s  Food Safety Act 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>MAFF Reform: mid 1990s  FSA 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking: mid 1990s  curriculum reform </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Food Policy: 2004  CFPA 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Food Security: CFP / SDC / CFPA 2000s </li></ul>
  20. 20. Discussion <ul><li>Your own confidence, fears and nightmares? </li></ul><ul><li>Messages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 things, 3 recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why communicate this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is anyone bothered or do we do it for itself and ourselves? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s new in yr work? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to write a press release? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Who are your contact points? </li></ul></ul>
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