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The Citizen and Travel
 

The Citizen and Travel

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    The Citizen and Travel The Citizen and Travel Presentation Transcript

    • CPT737: Sustainability in Practice Session 4 Flights of fancy? Air travel, carbon off-setting and personal responsibility Richard Cowell, [email_address] , Room 2.74, ext. 76684
    • Today’s session:
      • Introduction to air travel, mobility and carbon offsetting from me
      • Split into focus groups
    •  
    • Effects of growing air travel:
      • Tripling of CO 2 emissions (from FoE)
      • So what explains this growth and how are we implicated?
    • Growth of low-cost airlines and multiplication of routes
      • flights home destinations flights search flight maps flight news Flightmapping > Flight Maps > Europe
      • (C)2008 Flightmapping.com
      • De facto subsidy (no taxes on aviation fuel, not paying full social costs)
    • Are we simply exercising rational choice?
      • But where does this desire for mobility come from?
    • Elizabeth Shove and the pursuit of convenience
      • In modern life, time has become more fragmented
      • This requires us to ‘juggle’/ coordinate activities
      • Technologies that help this juggling are very attractive
      • But they facilitate further fragmentation, and more need for juggling
      • Also see pursuit of ‘quality time’
      • See next slide (Shove p.183)
    • Elizabeth Shove and the pursuit of convenience
      • In modern life, time has become more fragmented
      • This requires us to ‘juggle’/ coordinate activities
      • Technologies that help this juggling are very attractive
      • But they facilitate further fragmentation, and more need for juggling
      • Also see pursuit of ‘quality time’
    • Issues of identity, too:
      • As ‘modern’ people, as students
      • As academics
      • Are we getting ‘locked in’ (after Tim Jackson) to spirals of ever-increasing mobility?
      • Carbon Off-setting:
      • Commercial companies - CarbonNeutral Flights Airline flights are among the fastest growing sources of global warming gases. But you can make your travel a little greener. © The CarbonNeutral Company Limited, all rights reserved 1998-2008
      • Many airlines are interested, e.g. Easyjet Home
    • Raises interesting questions:
      • Extension of personal responsibility and reflexivity
      • Increasingly used by producers of things we purchase (Rolling Stones’ carbon neutral tour, Atomic Kitten’s carbon neutral album)
      • Big element of economic rationality and rational choice theory
    • Offsetting raises a number of issues:
      • Effectiveness of schemes and effects on communities living with the projects
      • Exploits global inequality
      • Moral question – sanctioning something intrinsically wrong?
      • Cheatneutral “Helping you because you can't help yourself”
      • Or do we reject idea of off-setting, and beliefs about climate change and individual responsibility on which it rests?