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FCT Mitrovica - Derry Lononderry
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FCT Mitrovica - Derry Lononderry


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City presentation by Derry-Londonderry delegation at Forum for Cities in Transition annual conference, Mitrovica, 24-28 May 2010

City presentation by Derry-Londonderry delegation at Forum for Cities in Transition annual conference, Mitrovica, 24-28 May 2010

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  • 1. 26 th May 2010
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Second largest city in NI
    • City population of Derry/Londonderry – 108,535 (2007 Figures)
    • Labour Market – 59% employment (Health & Retail largest employment sectors)
    • Unemployment – 6.9% (Forecasted to rise to over 10% in 2011 (NI Average 6.5%)
    • Derry ranks as the 2 nd most deprived area in Northern Ireland in terms of extent, concentration, employment and income scale.
  • 4.
    • In the early centuries the city was called Derry, however on the 29 th March, 1613 the Royal Seal was attached to a document known as the Charter for Londonderry. This changed the name of the city from Derry to Londonderry in recognition of the association which the city had with London.
    • The city of many names:
    • Doire
    • Derry
    • Londonderry
    • The Walled City
    • Stroke City
    • The Maiden City
    • The city is sometimes referred to as the 'Maiden City' by virtue of the fact that it's walls were never breached
  • 5.
    • Derry was the last walled city to be constructed in Europe
    • The Walls were built between 1613 and 1619 by the Honourable Irish Society to serve as defences for early 17 th Century settlers from England and Scotland
    • The Walls are 1 mile (1.5km) in circumference and vary in height and width from between 12 feet to 35 feet (4 to 12 metres), they are completely intact and form a walkway around the inner city
    • The Walled City is famous for a particular siege which lasted 105 days in 1689
  • 6.
    • King James II, a Catholic convert, and King William III of Orange, a Protestant, were in battle over the Irish crown – James having already lost his English crown to William.
    • As the city of Derry was a Williamite stronghold, King James attempted to replace the city's garrison with one loyal to himself
    • 13 young apprentice boys held back King James' army by shutting the gates to the city
    • The siege is still commemorated to this day by an organisation called The Apprentice Boys of Derry, who hold an annual event on the 12 th August
    • This particular parade became an issue in August 1969 and eventually led to the British Army being brought on to the streets of Northern Ireland in support of the then existing police force, the Royal Ulster Constabulary (R.U.C.)
  • 7.
    • Apprentice Boys March Commemorating The Siege of Derry
  • 8.
    • The city would have been a strong supporter of the union of Ireland with Britain under the Act of Union (1801)‏
    • Protestants lived mainly within the walled part of the city but Catholic numbers began to grow outside of the Walled City. New suburbs with working class communities were established and some areas ended up predominately either Catholic or Protestant
    • By 1851 the census showed that Catholics were a clear majority in the city
    • However it would take 120 years before this majority would be translated into municipal power
  • 9.
    • With the partition of Ireland in 1921, Derry / Londonderry became a border city separated from the hinterland of County Donegal
    • The city played a significant role in the second world war, particularly in the Battle of the Atlantic. Ships from the British Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy and others were stationed in the city, alongside a United States communication base
    • The key role Derry / Londonderry played was due to it's geographical position as the most westerly allied port in Europe
    • At the end of the second world war the city was chosen as the site of for the official surrendering of the U boat fleet, in recognition of the vital role which Derry / Londonderry had played
    • Approximately 60 U Boats from Germany surrendered and were harboured in the local docks
  • 10.
    • Centred around an Anti-Internment protest organised by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association on the 30 January 1972
    • The British Army used the Parachute Regiment as crowd control
    • 13 people were killed and 29 injured
    • Currently the city is waiting for a report from the “Saville Inquiry”, which is due for publication within the next few weeks
  • 11.
    • In 1988, John Hume, the leader of the Social Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) began talks with Gerry Adams, President of Sinn Fein
    • These meetings focused on the idea of self-determination for the people of the whole of Ireland, leading to agreement between the British and Irish Governments
    • These talks were the catalyst which eventually led to an P.IRA ceasefire in 1994 and the agreement known as the Good Friday Agreement of 10 th April 1998
    • Key Figures from Derry/Londonderry - John Hume, Martin McGuinness and others
    • Devolution – Not without its problems! Suspension & lack of joined up Government
    • A further agreement was made at St Andrews in 2007 and the latest agreement was made at Hillsborough in 2010
    • The latest parliamentary elections gave resounding support for our current 'Power Sharing Assembly‘
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • Investment in Community/Voluntary Sector
    • Establishment of Community/Voluntary Organisations which aimed to improve area’s/quality of life for residents of city and district
    • Emergence of a strong and vibrant sector which is recognised by all sectors in terms of influence and power
    • Geographical mix of groups
    • Range of work carried out within the sector
    • Partnerships/partnership working
    • Social Enterprise / sustainability
    • The future
  • 14. Changing Patterns, Changing Outcomes February 2009 – To Date
  • 15.
    • 2008 Ilex URC & Derry City Council decided to use ‘Future Search’ planning process as a model
    •   Recognition of the failure to achieve joined up development in the past
    • Learnt from example of other cities that have had major regeneration projects e.g. Liverpool, Glasgow, Dublin
    • Concept of 'Everyone in the room'
  • 16.
    • “ to deliver renewal - economic, physical and social…….. in ways which ensure that opportunities and benefits from regeneration are targeted towards the most deprived groups in our communities”
  • 17.
    • The words “ targeted/ targeting” were used throughout the process as a means of ensuring real change happened where it was needed
    • In developing all proposals for the Regeneration plan, the proposals must demonstrate how they will bring about measurable improvements for those groups who have been identified as experiencing inequality in for example housing, education, employment and health
  • 18.
    • Population of 110,000 (approx), the city has a young population ( 22% under 14)
    • 45% of population are resident in wards defined as deprived
    • A city of two halves ?
    • 13 of 30 wards are in worst 10% in Northern Ireland
    • Feb 2010 – 5,063 people unemployed – a review of the data highlights an additional 9000 economically inactive
    • No of job losses increased by 25% 2009
  • 19.
    • 1998–2008: 6000 additional jobs created – creation of additional jobs in itself will not result in the reduction of inequality in the city
    • Targeted and measurable proposals
    • Social clauses
  • 20.
    • City has established a baseline which although incomplete allows progress to proposal stage
    • City now has 103 proposals , 12 Strategic Working Groups and a Strategy Board to provide direction and leadership
    • City must have one plan
    • Those who have suffered much in the conflict cannot be left behind in the peace
  • 21.
    • Critical importance of education and skills as an enabler
    • The university expansion as a key project
    • Key economic drivers include:
        • Tourism
        • Digital city
        • Green economy
  • 22.
    • Need for early intervention in health and education
    • Intermediate labour markets/social employment Charters
    • River as an important asset
    • Investment in infrastructure
  • 23.  
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  • 29.