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Innovation Adoption for K12
 Teachers to use ICT in China
                 Prof Ronghuai HUANG & Dr. Xiuqin LIN
         F...
Current status of ICT in Education
                                in Mainland China




                                 ...
Four stages of ICT in Education
     in Mainland China



                                                                ...
Policy for ICT in Basic Education --
     K12 School Link Program
        School Link Program launched by
         MoE in...
Key National Projects to Improve
     ICT in K-12
     • Modern Distanced Education Program in K-12 Education in
       th...
China
      Snapshot




      "Education is not the filling of a vessel, but the kindling of a flame.“
                  ...
ICT equipment in Education
                              Oversold and Underused?               21

© R@D Center for Knowle...
Are we the slaves of modern
               technologies?




                                                             ...
Transforming
                     ways of teaching
                       and learning



                                ...
What are Characteristics of
            Innovation Adoption for K12
               Teachers to use ICT?



© R@D Center fo...
Projects concerning Innovation
     Adoption
        “Research into the new policies and strategies for ICT in
         E...
Some Terminology
          Innovation Adoption
                a process to use new ideas, new things, or new
          ...
Main Indicators to investigate
          Characteristics of teachers (Diversity)
              Briefs: value recognized,...
Samples                                           Areas                      School types
                                ...
The whole is on early stage
           Support to teaching >> Helping students’ learning
           Main Barrier is on L...
Differences in Group
           Gender difference: Male > female (Significant)
               Value-Recognized, more imp...
Clustering with 6 types teacher
         “K-Means Clustering”
               To identify different types of teacher, the...
1 Early Recognition
     ✓Recognized ICT’s Value
     ✓Not using ICT yet
 2 Prepare to Use
     ✓Trying to use ICT in te...
Rates of teachers in 6 types

  Rates
                                                  23.30%            22.00%
         ...
Barriers to Innovation Adoption
                                                                         • Time        • G...
Conclusion & Suggestions
           To understand barriers of teachers in using ICT, and deal with them in
           dive...
Your opinion
          Thank you for your attention




© R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
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Leading e-Learning Adoption in Schools: Human and Technological Structures and Strategies

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5 March 2010 (Friday) | 15:30 - 17:40 | http://citers2010.cite.hku.hk/abstract/76 | Prof. Ronghuai HUANG, Deputy Dean, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University

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Transcript of "Leading e-Learning Adoption in Schools: Human and Technological Structures and Strategies"

  1. 1. Innovation Adoption for K12 Teachers to use ICT in China Prof Ronghuai HUANG & Dr. Xiuqin LIN Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University huangrh@bnu.edu.cn http://ksei.bnu.edu.cn © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  2. 2. Current status of ICT in Education in Mainland China 2 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  3. 3. Four stages of ICT in Education in Mainland China 4 Building Competences … for ICT in Education 3 ICT infrastructure construction  2005~ 2 Computer Aided  1998~ Instruction 1 Teaching Computer  1990s~ programming in K12  1980s~ 32 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  4. 4. Policy for ICT in Basic Education -- K12 School Link Program  School Link Program launched by MoE in 2000 for teaching, learning and sharing resources in K12 schools of China  Since 2005, students in urban schools have been able to go online.  Schools in poor rural areas have been connected to the Internet through China Educational Broadband Satellite (CEBSat).  Up to 2010, over 90% of non-affiliated K-12 schools are able to be connected to the Internet. 5 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  5. 5. Key National Projects to Improve ICT in K-12 • Modern Distanced Education Program in K-12 Education in the West of China (MDEPKE West). As a Cooperative project between MOE and Li Ka Shing Foundation ($10 Million investment) was officially initiated on February 24th, 2001; • EU-China Gansu Basic Education Program as a cooperative initiative to alleviate rural poverty in western China, launched in Sept. 2001. • “Intel® Teach to the Future” teacher training Program, launched by Intel Corporation. in 2000 • Program of National K-12 Teachers Qualification in ET (TQET), which was initiated within the frame of National Union of Teacher Education Networks in spring 2005 by MoE; • PiL (Partner in Learning)supported by Microsoft from 2005. 9 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  6. 6. China Snapshot "Education is not the filling of a vessel, but the kindling of a flame.“ ——Socrates 8 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  7. 7. ICT equipment in Education Oversold and Underused? 21 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  8. 8. Are we the slaves of modern technologies? 26 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  9. 9. Transforming ways of teaching and learning Promoting ICT in Education  ......  Infrastructure  Digitalizing resources  Competences for ICT in Education 31 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  10. 10. What are Characteristics of Innovation Adoption for K12 Teachers to use ICT? © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  11. 11. Projects concerning Innovation Adoption  “Research into the new policies and strategies for ICT in Education” 2008 2009  Professional Development of K12 Teachers in rural area of China funding by UNICEF 2006 2007  Evaluation for the ‘Partners in Learning’ funded by Chinese MOE and Microsoft (China) (2004~2008, 2009~2012) 11 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  12. 12. Some Terminology  Innovation Adoption  a process to use new ideas, new things, or new methods.  being different from “invention” and “creation”  Innovation Adoption for Teacher to use ICT  behavior or process for teacher to try and apply ICT in practice of teaching. it includes two types:  to promote teaching  to promote learning © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  13. 13. Main Indicators to investigate  Characteristics of teachers (Diversity)  Briefs: value recognized, costs recognition, motivity  Preference Prefer to helping students’ learning or how to teaching  Training accepted: listening to lecture, research-based training, dairy communication with colleagues  Behaviors of using ICT  Frequency, routine(dairy use)  Support teaching, or helping to promote learning  Barriers in using ICT  Level 1 (External): Difficulties or conditions to use ICT in teaching such as time limitation, equipment, technique skill, and technical support to provide.  Level 2 (Subjective): Barrier concerning teachers’ own briefs, atmosphere and culture at organizational level. © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  14. 14. Samples Areas School types City 27% Primary 33.8% County level 16% Junior high 45.8% Township 57% Senior high 20.4%  5530 effective Gender Subjects samples Male 52% Chinese Language 24.0% Female 48% Maths 21.8%  Equipment over Foreign Language 14.4% the average of Teaching Age 10-15 yrs 27.8% nation’s 0-5 yrs 19.6% 15-20 yrs 17.4% 5-10 yrs 26.9% 20+ yrs 8.3% Rates of classrooms with Computers to be used by multimedia teacher None 21.6% None 11.8% Part of them 42.6% Sharing by 4+ 23.4% All 35.8% Sharing by 2~3 12.5% T1:1 52.3% © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  15. 15. The whole is on early stage  Support to teaching >> Helping students’ learning  Main Barrier is on Level 1 Some schools are on the 2nd Level barrier.  Most of teachers have positive belief to use ICT  Avg of Value-Recognized is 4.1, Avg of Motivity is 3.6  Avg of Cost-Recognition is only 3.0 © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  16. 16. Differences in Group  Gender difference: Male > female (Significant)  Value-Recognized, more important in supporting teaching, and more important to participate research  Difference from Teaching Age  Most active is on the teaching age of 5~10  Difference from School Types: Primary School > Middle School (Significant)  Value-Recognized, Cost-Recognition, Dairy Communication, and more important to help students’ learning. © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  17. 17. Clustering with 6 types teacher  “K-Means Clustering”  To identify different types of teacher, then provide corresponding support strategy.  Indicators to be clustered  Beliefs  Preference to use ICT  Behaviors to use ICT © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  18. 18. 1 Early Recognition ✓Recognized ICT’s Value ✓Not using ICT yet 2 Prepare to Use ✓Trying to use ICT in teaching Cost-Recg ✓with high Value-Recg, Motivity, Helping Std’ learning Blf-to-Learn Val-Recg 3 Early Adoption ✓Using ICT to support teaching ✓with higher rankings in Beliefs than that of “Prepare to use” 4 Skillful using ICT in teaching Hlp-Learn Motivity ✓with high ranking Frequency of Support Teaching 5 Role Conversion ✓with higher ranking in Helping Learning Sup-Tch Total Feq. 6 Early Integration ✓with highest ranking for all indicators © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  19. 19. Rates of teachers in 6 types Rates 23.30% 22.00% 18.90% 14.00% 11.60% 10.20% Early Prepare Early Skillful Role Early Recognition to Use Adoption Using ICT Conversion Integration © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  20. 20. Barriers to Innovation Adoption • Time • Guidance • Support • Resources • Guidance • Resource • Guidance 6. Early • Time Integration • Technique • Resources training 5. Role • Partner Conversion • Equipment • Equipment • Policy 4. Skillful • Motivity Using ICT • confidence 3. Early Adoption rK12 2. Prepare tio n fo to Use nA dop se ICT v atio rs to u 1. Early Inno eache Recognition t © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  21. 21. Conclusion & Suggestions To understand barriers of teachers in using ICT, and deal with them in diversity. What to be changed: solutions to match true needs  To increase motivity by make linkage to “New Curriculum Reform” and assessment system.  To provide software tools concerning subjects for students to use in classes. Transformation environment: providing suitable condition for transforming ways of learning and teaching  Nation and Regional Level: equipping in rural area, reforming assessment system  School Level Innovative Agent, Innovative Team, School-based Training Professional Development of Teacher  Guidance, Training how to promote learning via ICT  Virtual Learning Community, Inter-school communication © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University
  22. 22. Your opinion Thank you for your attention © R@D Center for Knowledge Engineering, Beijing Normal University

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