Investigating undergraduate student mobile device use in context

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6 March 2010 (Saturday) | 12:10 - 12:30 | http://citers2010.cite.hku.hk/abstract/54 | SONG, Yanjie, Faculty of Education, HKU

6 March 2010 (Saturday) | 12:10 - 12:30 | http://citers2010.cite.hku.hk/abstract/54 | SONG, Yanjie, Faculty of Education, HKU

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  • 1. CITERS Symposium 5 March 2010
    Investigating Undergraduate Student Mobile Device Use in Context
    Song Yanjie
    Faculty of Education
    The University of Hong Kong
    Email: songyj@hku.hk
  • 2. Overview
    Background
    Issues
    This Study
    Results and Discussions
    Conclusions
  • 3. Background
    2000s
    The developmental stages of educational technology (Peng et al. 2009)
  • 4. Technological Collaborative Scaffolding Nussbaum et al. (2009)
  • 5. Wang et al. (2009)
  • 6. The system architecture of the proposed personalized e-learning system with formative assessment mechanism (Chen & Chen, 2009)
  • 7. Issues: What is context?
    “…a multidimensional construct that has overlapping and interacting layers” (Gay & Hembrooke, 2004, p. 75)
    “multiple virtual and physical contexts” (Seale, 2008, p. 2)
  • 8. Issues: What is context?
    Mobile learning environment (Laouris & Eteokleous, 2005)
  • 9. Issues: What is context?
    Community
    School
    Class
    Student
    Context as “that-which-surrounds-the-object” (Cole, 1996, p. 135)
  • 10. Issues: What is context?
    Context as “that which weaves together” (Cole, 1996, p. 135)
  • 11. Issues: What is context?
    Tool
    User
    Context
  • 12. Issues: What is context?
    User
    Tools
    Goals
    +
    Individual’s interpretations (Jarvela et al., 2000)
    +
    Other factors to be explored…
  • 13. Framework of This Study
    Student
    Mobile device
    Student goals
    +
    Individual’s interpretations (Jarvela et al., 2000)
    +
    Other factors to be explored…
    Context
    ???????
  • 14. Research question
    How did undergraduate students use the mobile device to support their studies in context?
  • 15. Methods
  • 16. Data collection Instruments
    Interview
    Student artifacts
    Student e-journals
    Observation
    Field notes
  • 17. Data analysis
    Preliminary analysis
    Categorizing (coding)
    Contextualizing
  • 18. Results and Discussions
    Goals
    Tasks
    Learning resources
    Mobile device capabilities and constraints
    Time and place
    Social factors
    Individual interpretations
  • 19. The Mobile Device Use towards Learning Goals
  • 20. The Mobile Device Use to Perform Tasks
    Tasks defined by the teacher
    Tasks defined by the student
    Tasks emerging in context
  • 21. The Mobile Device Use in relation to Learning Resources
    Learning material provided by professors
    Learning material explored, collected and created by students
  • 22. The Mobile Device Use and the Mobile Device Capabilities and Constraints
  • 23. The Mobile Device Use and Time and Place
  • 24. The Mobile Device Use and Social Factors
    Institutional
    Community
    Cultural
  • 25. The Mobile Device Use and Individual Interpretations
  • 26. Conclusions
    Context factors: goals, tasks, learning resources, time and place, the mobile device, social factors, and individual interpretation.
    Whether the context allows the technology to be enacted;
    Whether the student has the capabilities (and also willingness) to use the technology to mediate the learning activity in the context.
  • 27. Implications
    To maximize the possibilities that the context provides for mobile device use to support student studies
    A shift from emphasizing technical aspects of developing and designing mobile learning systems to pedagogical practices and social context
  • 28. Thank you!