11 new literacies and popular culture
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  • 1. New Literacies & Popular Culture Practices of University Students Winnie S Y Ho PhD Candidate Faculty of Education
  • 2. 0.      Introduction
    • As up-to-date educators, we should endeavour to put ourselves into our students’ shoes by exploring the world they are living in.
    • Both qualitative & quantitative data sources
    • Research methods: Observation & Survey
  • 3.
    • With reference to the existing literatures in theories, my study would like to address the following research questions: (a) What are the popular cultural practices of these learners?
    • (b) How are these popular cultural practices mediated? (c) What and how do these learners learn from engaging in these popular cultural practices?
  • 4. I. Research background
    • 1.1 The community: Hong Kong
    • 1.1.1 One Country, Two Systems -British colony  1997  reunification with China  different education, political systems, etc.
    • 1.1.2 Two Written Codes, Three Spoken Languages -Written: Chinese & English -Spoken: -Cantonese (L1): over 89% of the people -English (L2) : widely used in the Government
    • -Mandarin / Putonghua (L3): Over 1/3 of the 7 million population (Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, 2002)
    • 1.1.3 Illiteracy - 17%: world population in low income countries (UNESCO, 2011) -5.4%: Hong Kong ( UNESCO, 2007)
  • 5. 1.1.4 A Linguistic course’s profile of a private university
  • 6.
    • English proficiency level : -fairly good command of spoken English -they have notable grammatical mistakes in writing.
    • Personality : -most are confident & enthusiastic -weaker learners are still attentive + eager to participate in the class.
    • English learning motivation: - they take this module simply because they are endeavour in enriching their knowledge in vocabulary learning and expanding their vocabulary.
  • 7. 2. Literature Review
    • 2.1 Literacy
    • -Not simply as a set of technical skills
    • -learning to read and write as a set of social and cultural practices that take place within situated communities (Hall, 2003; Street, 1995; Barton, 2007) + embedded in specific contexts/domains
    • (Fishman, 1972)
    • 2.2 Out-of-School Domains
    • - The contexts or domains are about how one language is more appropriate than
    • another in some specific contexts ranging from homes, to libraries,
    • restaurants and various sites which are all out-of-school
  • 8.
    • 2.3 New Literacy Studies (NLS):
    • A movement on the reading and writing change from a focus on individuals  interaction and social and cultural practices (Heath, 1983, Barton, 1994; Gee, 1996; Street, 1984 & 1995).
    • 3 fields of thought :
    • 1) NLS – literacy takes place everywhere + context shapes literacy development -- (Heath, 1983, Barton, 1994; Gee, 1996; and Street, 1984 & 1995) reading and writing only make sense when studied in the context of social and cultural (+ historical, political, and economic) practices.
    • 2) Multiliteracies (New London Group, 1996)
    • – the screen has changed the way we learn literacy + teaching overtly & critically to new skills from new technologies is essential
    • 3) Multimodal literacy – an expansion of our understanding of texts – written forms + oral, visual, or gestural modes (Heath and Street ,2008)
    •  a greater social network can be formed (Street, 2004).
  • 9.
    • Web 2.0 Internet Applications and Approaches
    Figure 1. Populations in the World Copied from The future is another country (2010 )
  • 10. 3. General Findings on my subjects’ popular cultural practices
  • 11. (1) Activities in out-of-classroom settings
  • 12. (2) Using electronic media devices outside school (excluding doing homework) e.g. TV, radio, mobile phones, computer, portable game players, TV game players, etc.
  • 13. (3) New literacies activities (1)
  • 14. (4) New literacies activities (2)
  • 15. (5) Recent practices
  • 16. (6) Their favourite teaching and learning activities
  • 17. (7) Do you think using popular culture can help you to learn English?
  • 18. 4. Conclusion
    • I first critically review the current research on Web 2.0 and new literacies then record the popular cultural practices of my students and reflect on my own practices in the Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 world.
    • The world is undergoing rapid changes so having more new developments in information literacy or the emergence of the Web 3.0 world in the near future are foreseeable.
    • A need to encourage both our current and younger generation to be well-equipped with the global challenges ahead.