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ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan
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ciso-platform-annual-summit-2013-South asia cyber security landscape post snowden hluchan

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Presented by Mohammad Hluchan at CISO Platform Annual Summit, 2013. Hluchan is a IT security consultant with over 12 years of experience in a diverse range of fields, including computer system foreign …

Presented by Mohammad Hluchan at CISO Platform Annual Summit, 2013. Hluchan is a IT security consultant with over 12 years of experience in a diverse range of fields, including computer system foreign language localization (Arabization), OCR (Arabic, Farsi, Urdu), machine translation software design and operation, and speech recognition/audio hotspotting technologies and a professional translator(English, Arabic, and German, fluent in Dari, Tajik, Urdu, Hindi, Turkish).

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  • Transcript

    • 1. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden Introduction – Yours truly… • Independent Cyber Security Analyst • Specialization: the cyber security landscapes of the wider Middle East, Central Asia, and Indian Subcontinent • Former staff member at iDefense, Inc., now independent • Longtime professional linguist of Arabic, Turkish, Farsi, Dari, Tajik, Hindi, Urdu, and German • Interest in hacking and computers since childhood… • Research: chronicle evolution of cyber security landscape in Middle East, Subcontinent, and Central Asia, as objectively and neutrally as possible • Better understanding through comparative analysis – especially geopolitical and socio-economic contexts driving these cyber security landscapes!
    • 2. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden The Edward Snowden revelations of massive scale espionage activities conducted by the US’ NSA and other intelligence agencies continues to have profound effects on the collective cyber security landscape of the entire world. This includes of course the South Asian cyber security landscape…
    • 3. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden The Snowden revelations seem to be working like a giant catalyst stimulating wider global cyber security arms race… “National internets” in which countries can better enforce their respective laws, controls, and sovereignty in general… Discussion of fully domestic internet infrastructure that ensure transmitted data does not leave respective national borders! Examples: “Internetz” The Iranian “halal internet”… Etc. etc. …
    • 4. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden A number of countries working on their own internet surveillance programs, much like PRISM… • India working on National Cyber Coordination Centre • Said to target metadata more than actual content, with only metadata of concern or interest flagged for later content analysis • Controversial in India itself; calls for oversight, better privacy laws, etc. likely to intensify Pakistan itself taking similar action -- talk of beefing up PKCERT, put in place cyber security strategy for Pakistan, setting up an interservices cyber command, etc. etc. – the trend continues… Talk of possible treaties between India and Pakistan preventing targeting of nuclear installations, etc. - likely wishful thinking…
    • 5. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden More “state actor” hacker groups likely to proliferate in South Asia, along the lines of what we already see in the Middle East… Syrian Electronic Army, led by Ali Farha (above) – targeting Viber, Twitter, Tango, Washington Post, Al-Jazeera, any news outlets it perceives as against Bashar Al-Asad…
    • 6. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden Syria’s closest regional political ally is Iran, with wide-ranging military security cooperation ongoing between both countries… Gen. Ghassem Soleimani’s Quds Brigade (left) currently training Al-Asad military; in 2012, Deutsche Welle publishes claim of Iran Information Ministry cyber security assistance to Syria.
    • 7. The Cyber Security Landscapes of the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent: A Brief Comparative Analysis Base ingredients for this to happen are already present…
    • 8. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS countries) recently had a meeting in which they expressed their desire to decrease reliance across the board on US sourced internet technology… • Drive for greater technological independence in India long-time part of Indian political discourse! • Huawei! • Snowden revelations likely to accelerate these efforts, though results of these efforts likely not forthcoming overnight… Snowden revelations have indicated that US is targeting China's Tsinghua university, one of China's leading research and development universities… • Snowden revelations confirm not altogether unknown fact: essentially, everybody spying against everybody!
    • 9. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden Especially post-StuxNet, SCADA attacks have been high on the agenda as goals among Middle Easter hacker Groups! Snowden revelations will definitely accelerate this trend… … but translations of the Hebrew captions revealed nonsense words, strongly suggesting a forgery. The SEA itself soon denied having done the attack in a Twitter release… Headlines ensued in June 2013 that the Syrian Electronic Army had succeeded in breaching a SCADA system at a water and electricity utility station in Haifa, Israel…
    • 10. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden Conclusions… • Snowden revelations to accelerate global cyber arms race dramatically! • New national cyber espionage programs of various kinds will proliferate all over the world, surprises likely forthcoming… • Commercial companies specializing in cyber espionage likely to proliferate • Some headquartered in countries with lax or nonexistent cyber laws, to safeguard offensive cyber espionage from legal pursuit… • “National” or “indigenous” internets will get fairly significant impetus, especially for ensuring route of data not to cross systems in US or other outside country • Of ancillary importance here: TLDs able to be made using nonEnglish characters • To some limited degree, Balkanization of internet? Debatable, uncertain… • Essentially, cyber IN-security is the new normal.
    • 11. The South Asian Cyber Security Landscape PostSnowden …

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