Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization:Architecture, Design and DeploymentRecommendationRoxana DiazConsulting Systems ...
Agenda         Unified Computing         UCS Overview         Summary
Evolution of the Mini-Rack Architecture                                Traditional                 Duplicate Infrastructur...
Legacy Blade Architecture                                                     MGMT                 MGMT                   ...
Cisco UCS—Reducing Complexity                                          MGMT                     MGMT                      ...
Cisco Unified Computing System                                                                                            ...
Cisco Unified Computing SystemA Single System: Compute, Network, Virtualization, Storage Access                           ...
Fabric Computing        Definition of Fabric Computing        A set of compute, storage,        memory and I/O components ...
Unified Fabric in UCS    Radically Simplified Network Access for Blades and VMs   Unified                                 ...
Unified Fabric in UCS Physical Servers and VM’s Connect Directly to the NetworkCisco® Fabric     Extender  Architecture   ...
What’s New in Volume Servers?Intel’s Tick-Tock Development Model:Sustained Microprocessor Leadership                   Int...
Agenda         Unified Computing         UCS Overview         Summary
How is Cisco UCS doing ?© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   Cisco Confidential   13
Cisco UCS Performance-63 World RecordsA History of World Record Performance on Industry Standard Benchmarks               ...
Gartner Magic Quadrant© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   15
Cisco UCS Latin America                                                           Two years in the market.                ...
Integrated Solutions Power of the Ecosystem                                                Enterprise Apps                ...
Cisco Unified Computing System Product Portfolio      Cisco UCS Blade                                       Cisco UCS Rack...
System Components                                                                                           •  Fabric Inte...
Cisco UCS Components     SAN                             LAN                       MGMT                      SAN          ...
Unified Computing System Manager                         Single Pain of Glass for BMaaS                                   ...
UCS Manager                                                            User Developed Portal,                             ...
Unified Management for Multi-UCSEnvironments                                                                              ...
Programmatic Infrastructure                         •  Comprehensive XML API, standards-based interfaces                  ...
UCS Management Ecosystem Overview                                                            Manage UCS with Industry Stan...
Describe Port Functions on the UCS 6100Series                                                           Mgmt 0  L1  Cluste...
UCS Manager High-availability            §  UCS Manager accessible via cluster IP address                           –  Fl...
UCS Manager Layout                Equipment: Physical ports between UCS                components and Northbound SAN and L...
UCS KVM © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   29
: KVM Console and Virtual Media                    ISO/IMG© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   30
KVM: Virtual Media Manager© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   31
Discuss the Purpose of the UCS Donglesfor Blade and IOM Access© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   32
Multi-Tenancy Features of UCS Manager                                                             Device Management       ...
UCS Orgs, Locales, and User Roles…              Create Orgs                                     Create Locales from Orgs  ...
Cloud Multi Tenancy and Security in UCS                            What do Organizations Define?                          ...
Simplify Connectivity and                    Management of Rack Optimized Servers                         UCS 6100 or 6200...
What if I don’t have UCS blade servers?© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   37
UCS Components     SAN                             LAN                       MGMT                      SAN                ...
I/O Consolidation with FCoE  Fewer Network Adapters per Server                                                           2...
Unified Fabric                                                                          •  Single network technology suppo...
Example: Embedded FCoE atCisco UCS                                                                                        ...
UCS and FET options           §  Cost-effective transceiver for 10G FEX connections           §  Supported for connectio...
UCS Fabric Topologies:Chassis Bandwidth Options        20G per Chassis                                           40G per C...
Cisco UCS FCoE Diagram                             Physical View of Network and Storage Connectivity for 160 Cisco Blade  ...
10G CNA options© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   45
Network Stack Comparison                                                                          SCSI                    ...
FCoE Exceeds FC Performance by over 25%Testing done with Nexus 5000 and 2nd Generation CNAs                               ...
4 Deployments of Cisco’s FEX Technology       #1                                                       #2                 ...
UCS 6200 Fabric InterconnectAlready here….!                                                             •    Performance f...
UCS 6200 Expansion Module                                                            UCS-FI-E16UP                         ...
Unified Port Management© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   51
Connectivity options: End host mode                                                               LAN    Spanning	        ...
Connectivity options: Switch mode                                                           Root                          ...
Local Switching: One consideration    •  However, for servers in the same VLAN and whose vNICs are            routed throu...
Connectivity: SAN End host NPV mode                                                                                   •  F...
Connectivity: SAN FC Switch mode         Directly attach FC and FCoE targets•  UCS behaves like an FC fabric switch       ...
Cisco UCS Components     SAN                             LAN                       MGMT                      SAN          ...
UCS Fabric Infrastructure Portfolio                                                                                       ...
Cisco UCS I/O ModulesCisco 2100 and 2200 Series Fabric Extenders: Generation Comparison                                   ...
Discuss Connectivity from Blade to UCS      6100 Series© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.   60
Double Chassis Throughput                                        80 GBPS                       160 GBPS40 GIGPER          ...
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation
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Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization: Architecture, Design and Deployment - Recommendation

  1. 1. Cisco Unified Computing and Virtualization:Architecture, Design and DeploymentRecommendationRoxana DiazConsulting Systems Engineer – MexicoCCIE#18612 Securityroxadiaz@cisco.com© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 1
  2. 2. Agenda Unified Computing UCS Overview Summary
  3. 3. Evolution of the Mini-Rack Architecture Traditional Duplicate Infrastructure Rack for Every 16 Servers Divide into Mini-Racks Blade Mini-Rack 1 (16 blade servers) Blade Mini-Rack 2 (16 blade servers) © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 3
  4. 4. Legacy Blade Architecture MGMT MGMT SAN SAN LAN LAN Additional Additional LAN and LAN and SAN SAN Connections Connections Over the Past 10 Years §  An evolution of size, not thinking Additional §  More servers and switches than ever Management Connections Connections §  More switches per server §  Management applied, not integrated Multiple Ethernet Connections An Accidental Architecture Multiple §  Result: Complexity SAN Connections §  More points of management §  More difficult to maintain policy coherence Separate Remote Management §  More difficult to secure per Chassis §  More difficult to scale Multiple Management Modules © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. Cisco UCS—Reducing Complexity MGMT MGMT SAN SAN LAN LAN Additional LAN and SAN •  Embed management Connections •  Remove unnecessary: Additional Management Switches Connections Adapters Management modules Multiple Ethernet •  Unify the Fabric Connections Network, Storage, Mgmt •  Power and cooling Multiple SAN Connections 1/3rd less infrastructure Lower power Separate Remote •  Built for Management virtualization per Chassis Processor density VM/host ratioMultiple Management I/O improvement Modules © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Extended memory 5
  6. 6. Cisco Unified Computing System Simplicity Form Factor Independence and Cloud Scale LAN SAN A SAN B Mgmt Any IEEE Compliant LAN Any ANSI T11 Compliant SAN Any ANSI T11 Compliant SAN One Logical Chassis to Manage* §  LAN §  Rack Servers Connectivity §  Server Identity §  SAN Management Networking §  Monitoring, §  Blade Chassis’ Troubleshooting §  Server Blades §  Etc. *architectural limit of 320 servers with 160 servers supported as of 2.0 Cloud Scale Increases Mobility, Utilisation and Availability © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. Cisco Unified Computing SystemA Single System: Compute, Network, Virtualization, Storage Access Single Unified Pre-integrated infrastructure designed System as a whole Self integrating components and policy- Unified Management based automation Bare metal abstraction and API design for Intelligent automation & orchestration through Infrastructure industry standard tools Unified Virtualization awareness and scalability Fabric without complexity Server Industry-standard, x86-architecture Innovations servers with Cisco innovations © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. Fabric Computing Definition of Fabric Computing A set of compute, storage, memory and I/O components joined through a fabric interconnect and the software to configure and manage them. •  The ability to reconfigure all system components in sync Server, Network, Storage, Specialty Engines •  The flexibility to provide resources within the fabric to workloads as needed •  The capability to manage systems from a more holistic standpoint© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. Unified Fabric in UCS Radically Simplified Network Access for Blades and VMs Unified Cisco® Fabric Fabric Extender Architecture Unified Fabric Management Fibre Chanel Ethernet FabricRack Extender One NetworkSwitch Architecture One LayerBladeSwitchVirtualSwitch © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 9
  10. 10. Unified Fabric in UCS Physical Servers and VM’s Connect Directly to the NetworkCisco® Fabric Extender Architecture Cisco Fabric Interconnects Cisco Fabric Fabric Extenders Extender One Network Architecture One Layer Cisco Virtual Interface Cards Blade Virtual Rack-Mount Server Machines Server © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 10
  11. 11. What’s New in Volume Servers?Intel’s Tick-Tock Development Model:Sustained Microprocessor Leadership Intel® Core™ Microarchitecture Intel® Microarchitecture Future Intel® Codename Nehalem Microarchitecture Sandy Merom Penryn Nehalem Westmere Bridge NEW NEW NEW NEW NEW Microarchitecture Process Technology Microarchitecture Process Technology Microarchitecture 65nm 45nm 45nm 32nm 32nm TOCK TICK TOCK TICK TOCK Forecast All dates, product descriptions, availability, and plans are forecasts and subject to change without notice. © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 11
  12. 12. Agenda Unified Computing UCS Overview Summary
  13. 13. How is Cisco UCS doing ?© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 13
  14. 14. Cisco UCS Performance-63 World RecordsA History of World Record Performance on Industry Standard Benchmarks SPECint_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base20 SPECfp_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 SPECint_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 X86 2-socket SPECfp_rate_base2006 06 X86 2-socket C220 X86 2-socket X86 2-socket B200 M1 X86 2-socket B200 M1 X86 2-socket B200 M2 X86 4-socket C460 M1 Best CPU B200 M2 M3 C220 M3 Performance SPECint_rate_base2006 SPECfp_rate_base2006 SPECint_rate_base2006 SPECint_rate2006 SPECint_rate_base2006 SPECint_rate_base20 X86 2-socket 2-socket 2-socket X86 4-socket 06 X86 2-socket C220 X86 4-socket C460 M1 B200 M2 C260 M2 C260 M2 C460 M2 M3 VMmark 1.x VMmark 1.x VMmark 1.x VMmark 1.x Best 2-socket B200 M1 2-socket B200 M1 2-socket B250 M2 Overall C460 M1 Virtualization Performance VMmark 1.x VMmark 1.x VMmark 1.x Overall C460 M1 Blade Server B440 M1 2 –socket Blade B230 M1 VMmark 2.1 VMmark 2.1 VMmark 2.1 Two–node 4-socket Best Cloud 2-socket Blade B200 M2 4-socket C460 M2 C460 M2 Computing Performance VMmark 2.0 VMmark 2.1 Overall B200 M2 Overall C460 M2 Oracle E-Business Suite Oracle E-Business Suite Oracle E-Business Suite Oracle E-Business Suite TPC-C TPC-H 1000GB TPC-H 300GB Best Ex-large Model Payroll Medium Model Xtra Large Model Payroll Xtra Large Model Payroll Oracle DB 11g & OEL Microsoft SQL Server VectorWise Enterprise Batch B200 M2 Order-to-Cash B200 M2 Batch B230 M2 B200 M3 C250 M2 C460 M2 C250 M2 Application Oracle E-Business Suite Oracle E-Business Suite Oracle E-Business Suite SPECjEnterprise2010 SPECjEnteprise2010 TPC-H 100GB Medium Model Payroll Medium Model Payroll Large Model VectorWise Performance Batch B200 M2 Batch B200 M2 Order-to-Cash B200 M3 Overall B440 M1 2-node B440 M2 C250 M2 SPECjbb2005 Best SPECjAppServer2004 1-node 2-socket C250 M2 SPECjbb2005 X86 2-socket B200 M2 SPECjbb2005 X86 4-socket C460 M1 SPECjAppServer2004 2-node B230 M1 SPECjbb2005 X86 2-socket B230 M1 X86 2-socket C220 Enterprise M3 Middleware SPECjbb2005 SPECjbb2005 SPECjbb2005 SPECjbb2005 SPECjbb2005 Performance X86 2-socket B230 M1 2-socket C260 M2 2-socket B230 M2 2-socket B230 M2 4-socket B440 M2 SPECompMbase2001 SPECompLbase2001 LinPack LS-Dyna SPECompMbase2001 SPECompMbase2001 SPECompMbase2001 2-socket B200 M2 2-socket B200 M2 2-socket B200 M2 4-socket C460 M1 4-socket C460 M1 4-socket C460 M1 2-socket C240 M3 Best HPC Performance SPECompMbase2001 SPECompLbase2001 SPECompMbase2001 SPECompLbase2001 SPECompMbase2001 SPECompMbase2001 SPECompLbase2001 2-socket B200 M2 2-socket B200 M2 2-socket B230 M2 2-socket B230 M2 4-socket C460 M2 4-socket C460 M2 2-socket C220 M3 © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco UCS Benchmarks that held world record performance records as of date of publication 14
  15. 15. Gartner Magic Quadrant© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 15
  16. 16. Cisco UCS Latin America Two years in the market. •  UCS Customers in Latin America •  FY10 81 •  FY11 339 90 •  Q3FY12 to date 282 (564 projected) 132 •  Total UCS Customers 478 224 •  166% y/y growth self integrates 600 500 400 300 No Customers Repeat Customers 200 100 0 FY10 FY11 FY12 (to date) Total© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 16
  17. 17. Integrated Solutions Power of the Ecosystem Enterprise Apps Databases Business Analytics Virtual Desktop RISC Migration HANA &Applications BWA Unified ComputingOS / HypervisorManagement Information Applications Operating Systems Virtualization Cisco UCS Cisco Nexus® NetApp FASInfrastructure B-Series Family Switches 10 GE & FCoE Compute Cisco UCS Complete Manager Bundle Network VBLOCK FLEXPOD STANDARD CONFIGURATIONS © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 17
  18. 18. Cisco Unified Computing System Product Portfolio Cisco UCS Blade Cisco UCS Rack UCS Manager Servers Servers §  Single Management Domain § Best-of-Breed innovations § Industry leading performance §  Dynamic provisioning of § Exceptional scalability § Choice of UCS form factor server, storage and network §  Hardware State Abstraction §  “Stateless” computing with (Service profiles) service profiles 6100 and 6200 Series Virtual Adapters 2100 and 2200 Series Fabric Interconnects § Consolidates multiple NICs Fabric Extenders §  High performance scalability and HBAs § Data center network §  Low latency multi-purpose §  VM-FEX : VM Aware convergence Ethernet-based Fabric Networking §  Simplified Connectivity §  Data center network §  Pass Through Switching & §  Exceptional Bandwidth convergence. Hypervisor Bypass © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 18
  19. 19. System Components •  Fabric InterconnectSAN LAN MGMT SAN Up to 96 unified ports: Ports can be configured as either Ethernet or Native FC Ports G G S S G G Fabric A Fabric A •  UCS Manager Interconnect Interconnect G G G G G G Embedded device manager for family of UCS UCS Manager components Chassis Compute Chassis Compute Chassis Fabric Extender R I C C Fabric Extender I R •  Chassis Up to 8 half width blades or 4 full width blades M Adapter B P Adapter B P Adapter •  Fabric Extender Up to 160Gbs Flexible bandwidth allocation X X X X X X x86 Computer x86 Computer •  I/O Adapter(s) Virtualized adapter for single OS and hypervisor Compute Node Compute Node systems (Half slot) (Full slot) Compute: Blade or Rack Mount Server © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 19
  20. 20. Cisco UCS Components SAN LAN MGMT SAN G Fabric G S S G Fabric G •  Cisco UCS A A Interconnect Interconnect G G G G G G UCS Manager UCS Manager Chassis Compute Chassis Interconnect Compute Chassis Fabric Extender C Fabric Extender Fabric Extender R I C I R Chassis M Adapter B P Adapter B P Adapter Compute Node(s) IO Adapter(s) X X X X X X x86 Computer x86 Computer Compute Node Compute Node (Half slot) (Full slot)© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 20
  21. 21. Unified Computing System Manager Single Pain of Glass for BMaaS •  Embedded device manager for family of UCS components •  Enables stateless computing via Service Profiles •  Efficient scale: Same effort for 1 to 160 blades •  APIs for integration with new and existing data center infrastructure© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 21
  22. 22. UCS Manager User Developed Portal, GUI Tools, Utilities •  Embedded device manager Discovery, Inventory, Monitoring, Packaged Systems CLI Management Diagnostics, Statistics Collection, Software Configuration •  Unifies many UCS HW components UCS Manager into a single, cohesive, system Adapters, blades, chassis, fabric extenders, fabric interconnects •  APIs for integration with new and existing data center infrastructure SMASH-CLP, IPMI, SNMP •  XML SDK for commercial and custom implementations© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 22
  23. 23. Unified Management for Multi-UCSEnvironments “UCS Central” Com i in 2 ng H 201 2 Data Center 1 Data Center 2 Data Center 3 UCS Manager UCS Manager UCS Manager UCS Manager UCS Manager•  Unifies management of multi UCS domains pools and templates•  Leverages UCS Manager technology •  Foundation for high availability, disaster recovery and workload•  Simplify global operations with centralized inventory, faults, logs mobility and server consoles •  Model based API for large scale automation•  Delivers global policies, service profiles, ID Unified Management at © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Scale 23
  24. 24. Programmatic Infrastructure •  Comprehensive XML API, standards-based interfaces •  Bi-Directional access to physical & logical internals Self Serve portals Management Tools Auditing Tools Direct UCS CLI UCS GUI 3rd Party Customer XML API System Status Physical Inventory Logical Inventory •  Broad 3rd party integration support •  Faster custom integration for customer use cases So open, it can now even be managed by your •  Consistent data and views across ALL interfaces iPhone or iPad or Blackberry or … !!© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 24
  25. 25. UCS Management Ecosystem Overview Manage UCS with Industry Standard Tools OS and Software Application Stack Management Third Party Management Service Orchestration Provisioning and Configuration Monitoring and Analysis UCS Visibility Cisco UCS Manager and Control Unified Control API Service Profiles Cisco UCS Pools © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 25
  26. 26. Describe Port Functions on the UCS 6100Series Mgmt 0 L1 ClusteringClusteringL2 Mgmt 1 Console Port Unused© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 26
  27. 27. UCS Manager High-availability §  UCS Manager accessible via cluster IP address –  Floating IP address for automatic failover –  Management port on both Fabric Interconnects must be connected §  UCS Manager runs as two instances (Primary and Subordinate) –  Database and state information replicated over cluster links –  Split brains scenarios are prevented by architecture itself –  Automatic process restart upon failure UCS Cluster CLI Custom Portal or Tools© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 27
  28. 28. UCS Manager Layout Equipment: Physical ports between UCS components and Northbound SAN and LAN Servers: Manage Service Profiles LAN: Manage VLANs SAN: Manage SANs VM: Manage Virtual Machine Service Profiles Admin: Authentication, users, logs, SNMP© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 28
  29. 29. UCS KVM © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 29
  30. 30. : KVM Console and Virtual Media ISO/IMG© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 30
  31. 31. KVM: Virtual Media Manager© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 31
  32. 32. Discuss the Purpose of the UCS Donglesfor Blade and IOM Access© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 32
  33. 33. Multi-Tenancy Features of UCS Manager Device Management User Management LAN SAN Server Admin Admin Admin User User User Organizations, Local, TACACS+ Locales, RADIUS, LDAP Object Rights, Customizable User Roles Customizable QoS Statistics Thresholds User Roles, Initial Updating Serial Over LAN Server Pools Server SAN LAN Pod and multiple Service Service Rights Rights Rights Rights Templates Templates Bios Scrub Disk Scrub authentication VLANs Users Disk (RAID) KVM Firmware Profiles vSANs Blade HW WWNs Stats Stats MACs QoS Orgs Stats methods BIOS Policies Policies Policies Timezone IPMI Etc. Etc Firmware Etc. Etc. Service Profile Adapter Boot Settings Templates Policies Locales Organizations XML HTTP HTTPS SNMP Telnet SSH UCS Manager© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 33
  34. 34. UCS Orgs, Locales, and User Roles… Create Orgs Create Locales from Orgs Create Users and Assign Roles & Locales 1.  Create Organizations 2.  Create Locale (collection of 1+ Organizations) 3.  Create User 4.  Assign to Locale(s) 5.  Assign User Role(s)© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 34 34
  35. 35. Cloud Multi Tenancy and Security in UCS What do Organizations Define? •  Organizational Boundaries •  Example; Server Admin attributes: Server Pools Server Pool Qualifications Service Profile Templates vHBA Templates vNIC Templates WWNN Pools WWPN Pools MAC Pools •  Fundamental multi-tenancy unit QoS Policy is an ‘organization’ Network Control Policy Flow Control Policy •  Organizations are logical divisions Dynamic vNIC Connection Policy of resources and policy UUID Pools Ethernet Adapter Policy FC vHBA Policy •  Org’s and Sub-Orgs can be 5 Boot Policy levels deep Host Firmware Policy Management Firmware Policy •  Users are Defined against Roles. Granular Roles exist Local Disk RAID Policy to define privileges (default or custom) Scrub Policy BIOS Settings Policy BIOS Defaults Policy •  Remote “enterprise” authentication •  Pinning, Pruning, VLAN, VSAN, WWN, L3 uplinks, etc •  Encrypted Management, PVLAN, DHCP Snooping, etc © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 352010 35
  36. 36. Simplify Connectivity and Management of Rack Optimized Servers UCS 6100 or 6200 UCS 6100 or 6200 Nexus 2232 Nexus 2232 • Reduce cost of deployment GE LOM PCIe Adapter • Scale and performance Mgmt Traffic • Choose from 5 servers Data Traffic CIMC OS or Hypervisor • Choose from 4 adapters • Including Cisco VIC • Scale to 160 C-Series per domain© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 36
  37. 37. What if I don’t have UCS blade servers?© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 37
  38. 38. UCS Components SAN LAN MGMT SAN G G S S G G •  Cisco UCS Fabric Fabric UCS Manager A A Interconnect Interconnect G G G G G G Interconnect UCS Manager Chassis Compute Chassis Compute Chassis Fabric Extender R I C C Fabric Extender I R Fabric Extender Chassis M P P Compute Node(s) Adapter B Adapter B Adapter IO Adapter(s) X X X X X X x86 Computer x86 Computer Compute Node Compute Node (Half slot) (Full slot)© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 38
  39. 39. I/O Consolidation with FCoE Fewer Network Adapters per Server 2/4G FC HBA Storage Traffic FC 2/4G FC HBA Storage Traffic 10GB CNA & 1GB NIC LAN1 Traffic Ethernet 10GB CNA 1GB NIC LAN1 Traffic 1GB NIC LAN2 Traffic 1GB NIC LAN2 Traffic 1GB NIC LAN3 Traffic 1GB NIC LAN3 Traffic© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 39
  40. 40. Unified Fabric •  Single network technology supports all I/ Traditional O in the system Systems •  Standards-based, high-bandwidth, low- More latency, lossless Ethernet and Fibre components Channel over Ethernet and cables (FCoE) network •  160 Gbps of bandwidth available per blade server chassis •  System is wired once, and I/O configurations are managed through software •  Simpler server I/O configuration, Cisco UCS™ cabling, and upstream switching Fewer components •  Lower infrastructure costs Unified IO and cables •  Greater agility © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 40
  41. 41. Example: Embedded FCoE atCisco UCS Cisco UCS From  ad  hoc  and   …to  structured,  but   inconsistent…     siloed,  complicated  and   …to  simple,  op,mized  and   costly…   automated   © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 41
  42. 42. UCS and FET options §  Cost-effective transceiver for 10G FEX connections §  Supported for connections between UCS 6200 and UCS 2200 ONLY §  SFP+ form-factor §  Multimode fiber (MMF) §  Reach: 25m (OM2) 100m (OM3) §  Approximately 1 watt (W) per transceiver §  Cisco Proprietary; Incompatible with SR optics §  FET Optics available as cost effective bundles IO Module SKU Description List Price UCS-IOM-2208XP UCS 2208XP Fabric Extender/8 external 10Gb ports $ 10,000 UCS-IOM2208-16FET UCS 2208 with 16 FET Optics $ 15,600 FET-10G= FET Optics Spare (Non Bundled) $ 1,495© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 42
  43. 43. UCS Fabric Topologies:Chassis Bandwidth Options 20G per Chassis 40G per Chassis 80G per Chassis 160G per Chassis 1st Generation UCS Fabric 2nd Generation UCS Fabric §  Wire once architecture §  All links active © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 43
  44. 44. Cisco UCS FCoE Diagram Physical View of Network and Storage Connectivity for 160 Cisco Blade Servers LAN SAN SAN A B Bac kpla ne A : 10 -8 0 Gb UCS Blade Chassis 20UCS Blade Chassis 1 Port 1 Port 2 Port 1 Port 2 Port 1 Port 2 Port 1 Port 2 CNA CNA CNA CNA vHBA Eth0 Eth1 vHBA vHBA Eth0 Eth1 vHBA vHBA Eth0 Eth1 vHBA vHBA Eth0 Eth1 vHBA OS OS OS OS UCS Blade Server 1 UCS Blade Server 2 UCS Blade Server 159 UCS Blade Server 160 © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 44
  45. 45. 10G CNA options© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 45
  46. 46. Network Stack Comparison SCSI FCP Less Overhead iSCSI than FCIP or iSCSI FCIP FC TCP IP FCoE Ethernet Physical Wire SCSI iSCSI FCIP FCoE FC© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 46
  47. 47. FCoE Exceeds FC Performance by over 25%Testing done with Nexus 5000 and 2nd Generation CNAs OneConnect QLE 8200 Throughput Throughput UCNA 1,200 1,200 1,000 1,000 Throughput  (MB/s) 800 800 Throughput  (MB/s) 600 8G  FC  Reads 8G  FC  W rites 600 400 8G  FC  Writes 8G  FC  Reads 400 10G  FCoE  W rites 200 10G  FCoE  Reads 10G  FCoE  Reads 0 10G  FCoE  Writes 200 2K 4K 8K K K K 16 32 64 0 2K 4K 8K 16K 32K 64K Block  Size  (KB) Block  Size  (KB) •  Demonstrated 400,000 IOPS •  Better throughput for large block transfers •  Superior for large file transfers and high transaction workloads •  Database, Back-up, Data Warehousing, Video, Graphics, Animation © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 47
  48. 48. 4 Deployments of Cisco’s FEX Technology #1 #2 #3 #4 Rack FEX Chassis FEX Adapter FEX VM-FEX Nexus 5k + Nexus 2k UCS FI + UCS IOM UCS FI or Nexus UCS FI or Nexus 5500 + VIC + VM Mgmt 5500 + VIC Link 1 2 … 32 1 2 … 8 1 2 … 116 1 2 … 112 Switch Switch Switch Switch UCS Manager Management Plane1 2 FEX … 32 Integration Rack Server Rack Server Rack Server Rack Server Blade Server Rack Server Blade Server Rack Server …FEX 1 Blade Server Rack Server Blade Server 2 FEX … Rack Server Rack Server Blade Server Hypervisor 1 2 116 Virtual Machine … Rack Server Blade Server FEX Manager OS 1 2 11 8 Rack Server Blade Server Rack Server Blade Server VM VM 2 VM Bare Metal Blade/ Server Rack© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Blade Server Chassis RackServer VM Host 48
  49. 49. UCS 6200 Fabric InterconnectAlready here….! •  Performance for improved Workload Density UCS-FI-6296UP o  High Density 96 Ports in 2RU o  Increased 2Tbps Switching Performance •  Flexibility to defer port usage type and number at design time rather than purchase time o  Flexibility to configure any port at Ethernet (1/10 Gigabit with SFP+) or FCoE or Native FC Ports (8/4/2/1G with FC Optics) o  All Ports usable as uplinks/ downlinks •  Latency Lowered to 2us within Switch 3x UCS-FI-E16UP •  Power Optimized with 80 PLUS Gold Efficiency •  Investment Protection with Backward and Forward Compatibility FLEXIBILITY, UTILIZATION AND BETTER APP. PERFORMANCE© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 49
  50. 50. UCS 6200 Expansion Module UCS-FI-E16UP •  16 “Unified Ports” •  Ports can be configured as either Ethernet or Native FC Ports •  Ethernet operations at 1/10 Gigabit Ethernet •  Fibre Channel operations at 8/4/2/1G •  Uses existing Ethernet SFP+ and Cisco 8/4/2G and 4/2/1G FC Optics © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 50
  51. 51. Unified Port Management© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 51
  52. 52. Connectivity options: End host mode LAN Spanning   •  Server vNIC pinned to an Uplink port Tree   •  No Spanning Tree Protocol •  Reduces CPU load on upstream switches •  Reduces Control Plane load on 6100 •  Simplified upstream connectivity •  UCS connects to the LAN like a Server, not like a6100  A   MAC   Switch Learning   •  Maintains MAC table for Servers only vEth 3 vEth 1 •  Eases MAC Table sizing in the Access Layer VLAN 10 MAC   •  Allows Multiple Active Uplinks per VLANFabric  A   Learning   •  Doubles effective bandwidth vs STP L2   •  Prevents Loops by preventing Uplink-to-Uplink Switching   switching •  Upstream VSS/vPC optional •  Completely transparent to upstream LAN VNIC 0 VNIC 0 •  Traffic on same VLAN switched locally •  Recommended method for most implementations Server 2 Server 1© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 52
  53. 53. Connectivity options: Switch mode Root LAN •  Fabric Interconnect behaves like a normal Layer 2 switch •  Server vNIC traffic follows VLAN forwarding •  Spanning tree protocol is run on the uplink ports per VLAN—Rapid PVST+6100  A   MAC   Learning   •  Configuration of STP parameters (bridge priority, Hello Timers etc) not supported vEth 3 vEth 1 VLAN 10 •  VTP is not supported currentlyFabric  A   •  MAC learning/aging happens on both the L2   server and uplink ports like in a typical Layer 2 Switching   switch •  Upstream links are blocked per VLAN via VNIC 0 VNIC 0 Spanning Tree logic Server 2 Server 1© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 53
  54. 54. Local Switching: One consideration •  However, for servers in the same VLAN and whose vNICs are routed through different switches (one server goes to Switch A, the other goes to Switch B) switching involves the external infrastructure 6100A 6100B© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 54
  55. 55. Connectivity: SAN End host NPV mode •  Fabric Interconnect operates in N_Port Proxy mode SAN A (not FC Switch mode) SAN B Simplifies multi-vendor interoperation FLOGI Simplifies management FDISC NPIV NPIV •  SAN switch sees the 6100 as an FC End Host with F_Port F_Port many N_Ports and many FC IDs assigned VSAN 1 VSAN 1 •  Server facing ports function as F-proxy ports N_Proxy N_Proxy •  Server vHBA pinned to an FC uplink in the same 6100-A 6100-B VSAN. Round Robin selection. vFC 1 vFC 2 vFC 1 vFC 2 •  Provides multiple FC end nodes to one F_Port off an F_Proxy F_Proxy FC Switch •  Eliminates need for FC domain on UCS Fabric Interconnect N_Port N_Port •  All zoning on the NPIV switch, not UCS. vHBA 0 vHBA 1 vHBA 0 vHBA 1 •  One VSAN per F_port (multi-vendor) Server 1 Server 2 •  F_Port Trunking and Channeling with MDS, 5K VSAN 1 VSAN 1© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 55
  56. 56. Connectivity: SAN FC Switch mode Directly attach FC and FCoE targets•  UCS behaves like an FC fabric switch FC FCoE SAN•  Storage ports can be FC or FCoE Optional•  Light subset of FC Switching features MDS MDS Select Storage ports N_Port VSAN 1 VSAN 2 Set VSAN on Storage ports TE_Port Default zoning per VSAN F_Port•  No zoning configuration inputs in UCSM 6100-A FC Switch 6100-B FC Switch•  If connection to MDS is present: vFC 1 vFC 2 vFC 1 vFC 2 Zoning configured and pushed to UCS from MDS F_Port•  If not connected to MDS: Default zoning N_Port Access control via LUN Masking on Storage array vHBA 0 vHBA 1 vHBA 0 vHBA 1•  Fabric Interconnect uses a FC Domain ID Server 1 Server 2•  Recommended as TEST mode VSAN 1 VSAN 2 © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 56
  57. 57. Cisco UCS Components SAN LAN MGMT SAN G Fabric A G S S G Fabric A G •  Cisco UCS Interconnect Interconnect G G G G G G UCS Manager UCS Manager Chassis Compute Chassis Compute Chassis Interconnect Fabric Extender R I C C Fabric Extender I R Fabric Extender Chassis M Adapter B P Adapter B P Adapter Compute Node(s) X X X X X X IO Adapter(s) x86 Computer x86 Computer Compute Node Compute Node (Half slot) (Full slot)© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 57
  58. 58. UCS Fabric Infrastructure Portfolio Cisco UCS™ 6200 and 2200 with Unified Ports High End Deployments Typical Deployments New! Cisco UCS™ 6100 and 2100 96 Port Fabric Interconnect 48 Port Fabric Interconnect At UCS Launch UCS 6296 FI UCS 6248 FI §  2TB switching Cisco UCS 6140/ 6120 §  1TB switching throughput UCS Fabric throughput §  96 ports in 2RUInterconnects §  48 ports in 1RU §  Unified Ports Forward compatible with Second Generation §  Unified Ports §  Investment protection I/O Modules §  Investment protection 40 Port I/O Module 20 Port I/O Module New! UCS 2208 IOM UCS I/O Modules Cisco UCS 2104 UCS 2204 IOM §  160G per chassis I/O Module §  80G per chassis §  40G to the Blade §  20G to the Blade §  Lower Latency Forward compatible with Second Generation §  Entry point pricing §  Port Channel Capable Interconnects §  Port Channel Capable © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 58
  59. 59. Cisco UCS I/O ModulesCisco 2100 and 2200 Series Fabric Extenders: Generation Comparison Cisco UCS™ Feature Cisco UCS 2208 Cisco UCS 2204 2104XP QoS Simple register ACL based ACL based Host ports 8 32 16 Network ports 4 8 4Bandwidth Classes of service 4 (3 enabled) 8 8 Port speed 1/10-GB fixed location 1/10-GB anywhere 1/10-GB anywhereResiliency EtherChannels HI > NI only 4 ports Both directions 8 ports Both directions 8 ports Policers None 64 per 8 ports 64 per 8 ports IEEE 1588 support No Yes Yes Latency ~800 nanoseconds ~500 nanoseconds ~500 nanoseconds Adapter redundancy 1 mLOM only mLOM and mezzanine mLOM and mezzanine© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 59
  60. 60. Discuss Connectivity from Blade to UCS 6100 Series© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 60
  61. 61. Double Chassis Throughput 80 GBPS 160 GBPS40 GIGPER 80 GIGFABRIC PER FABRIC2104XP 2208XP © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 61
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