ICT Infrastructure in Africa and the uptake of e-Health

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ICT Infrastructure in Africa and the uptake of e-Health by Mr. Brahima Sanou

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ICT Infrastructure in Africa and the uptake of e-Health

  1. 1. Information and communication infrastructure in Africa and the uptake of eHealth Eng. Brahima Sanou ITU Regional Representative for Africa ECOSOC Africa Regional Ministerial Meeting - Health – use of information and communication technology for health
  2. 2. Key Areas <ul><li>Africa Broadband Connectivity and connectivity to the world </li></ul><ul><li>Access/Penetration of telecommunications and ICT </li></ul><ul><li>ICT and eHealth Uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Role of ITU </li></ul>
  3. 3. ITU – Who we are <ul><li>UN Specialized Agency for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) </li></ul><ul><li>Established on 17 May 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>191 Member States and 700 Sector Members </li></ul><ul><li>Central role in CONNECTING THE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>Organization in three sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiocommunication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. UNDERSEA CABLES 2007 Source: TeleGeography research
  5. 6. ICT uptake in Sub Saharan Africa and in the world, 2007 Source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database .
  6. 7. ICT developments in Sub Saharan Africa, 1997-2007 Source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database . 1,5 23,0 3,6 0,1 0,3 0 5 10 15 20 25 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 Per 100 inhabitants Fixed telephone lines Mobile cellular subscriptions Internet users Fixed broadband subscribers Mobile broadband subscriptions
  7. 8. Mobile population coverage Source: ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database .
  8. 9. ICT and eHealth uptake <ul><li>Health service governance </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Database sharing updating </li></ul><ul><li>Communication including interactive communication amongst health professionals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eHealth Forums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experience sharing and training through telemedicine </li></ul><ul><li>Public information system </li></ul>
  9. 10. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES <ul><li>Paradigm change for policy makers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From industrial based economy to knowledge based economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From ICT merchant economic sector to ICT underlying economic growth sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlining ICT as key in national and regional health policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paradigm change for health Professionals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness raising and training of Health Professionals </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES <ul><li>Mobile and wireless communications : big asset for eHealth uptake in Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa has got the fastest growth of mobile phone in the world and the coverage with mobile signal goes from 70% up to almost 100% some countries (Health governance, public information) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellites cover all Africa including RASCOM a dedicated satellite for Africa. Other projects are planning to cover Africa with affordable broadband connectivity by satellite </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of applications and financing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop eHealth communication applications to use the existing ICT network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources generated from ICT sector (Universal access/service funds) could help develop applications for rural and remote areas. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. ITU and eHealth <ul><li>WSIS, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WSIS assigned the co-facilitator to WHO and ITU for eHelath in Action line C7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WSIS facilitator role to ITU for Action line C5 “Building confidence in the use of ICT” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WTDC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC) adopted a Regional Initiative of “ICT applications” for Africa and “ E-Strategies and ICT Applications” </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. ITU and eHealth <ul><li>Connect Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect Africa adopted “ Goal 5: Adopt a national e-strategy, including a cyber-security framework, and deploy at least one flagship e-government service as well as e-education, e-commerce and e-health services using accessible technologies in each country in Africa by 2012, with the aim of making multiple e-government and other e-services widely available by 2015.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO and ITU are working together on Africa Health Infoway project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ITU-D Study Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Question 14-2/2: Telecommunication for eHealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidelines for eHealth Master Plan </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Paradigm change for policy makers to consider ICT as underlying economic growth sector and streamline ICT as key in national and regional health policies </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you mobile and other wireless technologies Health delivery in rural and remote areas is possible </li></ul><ul><li>WHO and ITU in accordance with their core mandate are closely working together with other stakeholders to make sure that ICT and Health bring eHealth </li></ul>
  14. 15. Eng. Brahima Sanou ITU Regional Representative for Africa E-mail: [email_address]

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