Ar project introduction


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Ar project introduction

  1. 1. PROJECT INTRODUCTION Towards Innovative, Liveable and Prosperous Asian Mega-Cities Apiwat Ratanawaraha Bangkok, Thailand August 1
  2. 2. Background Current perspectives on innovation as studied and practiced in Southeast Asia are not sufficient – Imported models of national innovation systems from the rich West where contexts and conditions are different • Existing S&T agencies set up the standard Triple-Helix structures – Focus on industrial and business innovations, not addressing current developmental problems • Enterprise development and little on human development • Development of NIS has little to do with infrastructure and urban development – Focus on the supply side, but not much on how they are demanded and consumed 2
  3. 3. Cities continue to be the centers of developmental problems that need innovative solutions – Megacities continue to become bigger even with changing demographic changes • ageing, smaller household sizes – But urban planning and development practices still rely on the comprehensive/master plan model • Focus on existing problems, little on the future • Little discussion on risks, future scenarios – Tend to ignore production structure and technological and innovation dimensions
  4. 4. Project goals • Future innovation policies – more comprehensive and inclusive, paying attention to developmental challenges that affect the urban quality of life, particularly for the poor • Future urban policies – integrate the dynamism of city innovation systems into the urban planning processes Integration of Future + Urban + Innovation Studies and Policies 4
  5. 5. Specific objectives • Conduct a comparative analysis of the innovation systems and capacities in six Southeast Asian countries and megacities • Develop a framework for integrating innovation and urban development policies • Propose policy options and guidelines that will enhance innovativeness for urban liveability and prosperity • Establish a network of researchers, policymakers and other stakeholders in innovation and urban development • Facilitate sharing of information, knowledge, and learning among project partners and another IDRC project on ‘Healthy Places, Prosperous People (Jakarta Focus City) • Build the research capacities of the project members and young researchers on city innovations 5
  6. 6. Methodology -phase research process Disentangle ASEAN innovation systems - National and sectoral innovation systems in countries Define city innovations and their systems - Case studies of city innovations in Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, and Singapore Design future city innovation systems - Foresight and scenario building - Innovations that address future city scenarios 6
  7. 7. Phase How do we do our research? • Questions for building conceptual framework – What is a city innovation? – What is a city innovation system? • What makes it different from national/soctoral systems? • What are the elements in the system?
  8. 8. Definition of a city innovation – People have to be at the center of city innovation – Commercial innovations as well as social innovations – Focus on innovations that address urban challenges – Individual and community of innovators, not just formal organizations
  9. 9. In analyzing city innovation systems, we focus on … Key actors/agencies Interactions and linkages among actors Systemic learning Policies and implementation procedures Plus what we already know about the six dimensions of innovation
  10. 10. Six dimensions of city innovations Paradigm Position Process Institution City Product Service Innovation
  11. 11. In addition, we propose… Human-space ecology as a way to analyze city innovation systems – Cognitive space – Information space – Physical space
  12. 12. a CITY INNOVATION “A new or improved solution that contributes towards enhanced liveability, prosperity, and equity of the city.” a CITY INNOVATION SYSTEM “The human-space ecology that promotes the creation, adoption, and diffusion of city innovations”
  13. 13. Criteria • Novelty: A solution that is relatively new to the megacity in question • Impacts: A solution that has already had noticeable impacts on prosperity and liveability in your megacity OR exhibits potential to effect substantial changes to prosperity and liveability • Equity: A solution that does not worsen the income distribution and social inequality in the megacity A city innovation should reach a broader base in the urban population, rather than benefitting only the rich • Environmental sustainability: A solution that is aligned with the principle of environmental sustainability
  14. 14. • Economic and financial feasibility: A solution that is economically and financially feasible As we think ahead about how to diffuse a city innovation from one megacity to another and/or to replicate it on a mass scale, the costs of creating, adopting, and diffusing an innovation becomes critical • Transferability: A solution that is socially, culturally, or geographically neutral is more likely to diffuse quickly and widely However, successful implementation of an innovative idea may rely heavily on social and cultural contexts • Political acceptability: Any solution that is to be adoption in a mass scale need political acceptance, which means people whose lives are affected participate directly in the decision-making process
  15. 15. . Analysis of city innovations • Case studies of innovative solutions – Choose industries/fields of innovations that create value for liveablity and prosperity • Find cases of city innovations – Data collection: ask experts, documentary research, etc • Analyze them using the city innovation-system framework – Creation, adoption, and diffusion – What value does the city innovation create? • Liveability , prosperity, equity, security, etc
  16. 16. Meso-level analysis • Are there investment policies at the city level that support innovation systems? – knowledge creation, creativity, innovativeness – Infrastructure and urban development • Financial intermediaries that support city innovations – How are city innovations supported financially?
  17. 17. Items for case analysis • Goal achievement – Prosperity, equity, liveability • Dimensions of innovation – Product, process, position, paradigm, service, institution • Innovators – individual and communities of innovators • Human-space ecology of the innovation
  18. 18. . Analysis of a city innovation system • Use the below framework to analyze city innovation systems: • key actors/agencies • Interactions and linkages among actors • Systemic learning • policies and implementation procedures
  19. 19. • Investment policies – particularly those on urban infrastructure for knowledge creation, adoption & diffusion • Institutional arrangements – that links innovation policies w/ other development policies • Policy implementation processes – that integrate innovation and urban policies at the national and local levels
  20. 20. Micro-level analysis • Innovators – Who are they? What do they do? • Individual, community, and institutional – Are they the original owners of ideas? Or the ones who implement and diffuse them? • City innovations need leadership • Which actors are crucial to determining policy directions and implementation? How so?
  21. 21. Case Studies Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam Maisone e Redevelop- Medical Medical Creative Innova on housing ment of KL Tourism tourism industries in housing project City Centre for the low UP-Ayala Creative City income Informa on Low-cost Technology precincts and Innovation of -sharing Housing Park art policies Public Arts Innova on practice in Community in Solid government Gawad Art-led Waste Innovation Kalinga Community Collection Waste Initiative in housing Project Revitalization Service Bank” project City Governance 21
  22. 22. Workshop program Day : Presentations of city case studies Day : Foresight and scenario building Discussion on city innovation systems Day : Resource mobilization Other project management issues 22