César CorralesCarlo RiveraGerardo PizarroIgnacio PedrerosKevin Lozano202°GThe "independence flag" of Syria, usedbefore the Baathist coup in 1963, has beenwidely used by protesters as an oppositionflag and has been adopted officially by theSyrian National Coalition and the FreeSyrian Army.
The Syrian civil war is an ongoing armed conflictin Syria between forces loyal to the Syrian BaathParty government and those seeking to oust it. The conflict began on 15 March 2011, with populardemonstrations that grew nationwide by April 2011.These demonstrations were part of the wider MiddleEastern protest movement known as the Arab Spring. Protesters demanded the resignation ofPresident Bashar al-Assad, whose family has held thepresidency in Syria since 1971, as well as the end ofBaath Party rule.
The Arab Spring is amedia term for therevolutionary wave ofdemonstrations andprotests (both non-violent and violent),riots, and civil wars inthe Arab world thatbegan on 18 December2010.
The Syrian opposition is an umbrella term for groups and individualscalling for regime change in Syria and who oppose its Baathistgovernment. National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces Syrian National Council Local Coordination Committees of Syria Free Syrian Army & Higher Military Council Kurdish Supreme CommitteeSome countries that supports Syrian Opposition are: Pakistan, Iraq,Qatar, United States, Israel, United Kingdom, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, etc.
Bashar Hafez al-Assad (born11 September 1965) is thePresident of Syria andRegional Secretary ofthe Syrian-led branch ofthe Arab Socialist Baath Party.He has served as Presidentsince 2000, when hesucceeded his father, Hafez al-Assad, who had ruled Syria for30 years prior to his death.
The armies and forces that support the Syrian government are: Syrian Armed Forces Jaysh al-Shabi Shabiha National Defense Force al-Abbas brigade Lijan militias• Iran:Revolutionary GuardsForeign militants:• Hezbollah• PFLP–GC• Houthis• Others
In June 2013, the death toll was updated to 92,900–100,000by the United Nations. According to various oppositionactivist groups, between 72,960 and 96,430 people havebeen killed,of which about half were civilians, but alsoincluding 58,500 armed combatants consisting of both theSyrian Army and rebel forces, up to 1,000 oppositionprotestersand 1,000 government officials.