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Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives
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Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives


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this presentation describes about the genesis of Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives

this presentation describes about the genesis of Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives

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  • 1. Central India Initiative (CInI) – Enhancing Tribal Livelihoods through Natural Resource Management based Approach
  • 2. Central India Initiative (CInI) Background
    • 18 to 25 degrees belt stretching from Gujarat to West Bengal - hilly and undulating
    • High rainfall - high runoff; reasonable forest cover
    • 50 million tribal population (70% of tribal population of India)
    • Low literacy , high poverty , land and water productivity far below potential
    • Low use of modern technology in agriculture
  • 3. Poverty Ratio in CInI States 16.3 21.0 27.8 All India 12.1 15.6 21.0 Rajasthan 5.6 7.2 16.7 Gujarat D 25.8 33.4 38.2 Madhya Pradesh (parts) 18.5 23.6 30.6 Maharashtra C 18.5 23.6 30.6 Maharashtra 26.2 33.9 40.8 Chattisgarh (part) 25.8 33.4 38.2 Madhya Pradesh B 12.8 16.7 24.6 West Bengal 26.2 33.9 40.8 Chattisgarh 30.4 39.6 46.5 Orissa 25.0 32.5 40.4 Jharkhand A 2011-12(Target) 2011-12 (Growth 2004-05 State Zone
  • 4. Central India Initiative (CInI): IWMI-Tata’s Recommendations
    • Zone ‘A’ includes Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal.
    • The focus is on stabilizing Kharif crops, through the creation of decentralized water harvesting structures near farm lands.
    • Zone ‘B’ includes Madhya Pradesh, parts of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.
    • The focus is on promotion of ‘Wadi’ (orchards) and creation of water harvesting structures such as nallah and cement bag bunds.
    • Zone ‘C’ includes Maharashtra and parts of Madhya Pradesh.
    • The focus is on promotion of ‘Wadi’ (orchards), developing and revival of irrigation systems to participatory approach and package of practices for crops like cotton , soyaben etc.
    • Zone ‘D’ contains Gujarat and south Rajasthan.
    • The focus is on Community Managed Natural Resources; large check dams and lift irrigation systems.
  • 5. Ranking of districts based on HDI 20 poorest districts /109 tribal districts
  • 6. Central India Initiative (CInI) Objective
    • Launched in 2003, the CInI envisages a series of livelihood projects across the region, addressing core issues aimed at alleviating poverty amongst tribals in a sustainable manner.
  • 7. Coverage Presence in 40/109 tribal districts of CInI 21 CSO Partners in all 9 states Approx. 400,000 households Linkages with govt, research institutions and donors Livelihood interventions – improved agriculture, horticulture, dairy, poultry, water resources, tassar, etc.
  • 8. Ensuring Food Security and Enhanced Livelihoods
    • Kharif Paddy Stabilization
    • Improving the Crop productivity of Maize
    Vegetable Cultivation – Additional Income Source Increasing Area under Rabi Cultivation
  • 9. Revival and Creation Irrigation Potential Centralized Irrigation System Decentralized Irrigation System
  • 10. Forest based Livelihoods
    • Lac Cultivation providing additional income of Rs. 10,000/annum
    • Tassar Cultivation – two cycles with annual income of about Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000
    • Horticulture promotion with assured annual income of about Rs. 20,000 after a period of four years
  • 11. Off-farm Livelihoods
    • Meet the Demand of Deficit market
    Increase in market demand and assured family income of Rs. 1,500/month
  • 12. Formation of Dedicated Cell
    • CInI Cell was formed in 2005
    • For Geographical focus in the poverty belt of Central India tribal region
    • Work comprehensively towards the livelihood enhancement of the tribal communities
    • To Strengthen CInI as “State Immersion” and work in collaboration and cooperation with Government, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Donors, Research Institutions and Community Based Organisations.
  • 13. Key Roles and Responsibilities
    • Serves as a knowledge bank : One source information on the Central India Tribal region.
    • New Idea incubator ; Exploring new ideas in the field and efforts towards up-scaling and mainstream them.
    • Establish strong networks and coordinating unit : Establish linkages with Institution of excellence, government agencies and donors
    • Develop a strong brand equity for CInI
    • Monitors and provides technical support : The organisations implementing CInI strategies, through regular monitoring missions and field visits.
  • 14. State Immersions of CInI Cell
    • CInI Cell has been registered as an organization under Societies Act 1860
    • CInI Cell is based in Jamshedpur. Region office in Ahmedabad for better coverage in the western India states.
    • Close tie-up with the Tribal Development Department, Government of Gujarat towards implementing Rs. 150 billion (for 5 years) ‘Vanabandhu Kalyan Yojana’
    • Linkages with Tata Steel towards developing and initiating the Rs. 1 billion Tata Steel Centenary Project in Orissa, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh
    • Partnership with NABARD and Government of Madhya towards systematic implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Tribal Development Funds
  • 15. Recommendation of SP-2011
    • (a) Inclusiveness in growth
    • (b) Regaining agricultural dynamism
    • (i) what needs to be consolidated and strengthen and
    • (ii) what needs to be added or modified
    • (c) Prepare disaggregated district-wise poverty ratios of the CInI states, and ensure the investment is aligned with the national strategy of fund flow
    • (d) Strengthen establishment of CInI as “state immersion”
  • 16. Future Strategy
    • Thematic Focus in each Zone : as it is ‘Kharif Paddy Stabilization’ for Zone A
    • Continue focus on most poverty ridden districts:
    • Engaging with the sector, whilst understanding the key issues in the region, forms the core area of work : Like Farmers distress in Vidharbha region.
    • Convergence and consolidation efforts for larger and visible impact
    • Dissemination of field learning's and pilots/idea incubation for large scale replication
    • Developing strategic collaboration with research institutions such as ICRISAT, ILRI, World Vegetables etc. to achieve agriculture dynamism.
    • Dovetailing efforts with the 11 th Five Year Plan: Linkages with national level development programmes such as NREGS, etc.
    • Forming state level forums in all the CInI states with representatives from Civil Society Organisations, state governments, research institutions, Community Based Organisations, etc.
  • 17. Proposed Five Years Growth
    • Reaching out to about 1 million tribal households
    • Focus on most poverty ridden districts
    • Providing households with an income of Rs 30,000/annum from the present Rs. 12,000/annum
    • Strong Network with all state Government for wider recognition
    • Financial Disbursal Target at 800 million
    • Generating Nearly double funds from other sources
  • 18.
  • 19. Photo Gallery – Lift Irrigation Revival for Increased Irrigation and Livelihood
  • 20. Photo Gallery – Organic Coffee and Pepper produced by Tribal Farmer
  • 21. Photo Gallery – SRI Technology for Productivity Enhancement
  • 22. Photo Gallery – Dairy & Poultry
  • 23. Photo Gallery – Water Resource Development