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Film shots and techniques
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  • 1. CLE 3001.7.3 Recognize how visual and sound techniques or design (e.g., special effects, camera angles, music) carry or influence messages in various media SPI 3001.7.4 Determine the impact of production elements (e.g., font, color, layout, graphics, light, camera angle) on a message
  • 2.
    • Establishing shot (ES)
      • Often a long shot or series of shots that sets the scene. The outside of a building or the city is shown first.
  • 3.
    • Long shot (LS)
      • A shot from some distance. The full body is shown.
      • To show setting and characters
      • Signifies context and scope
  • 4.
    • Medium shot (MS)
      • People are seen from the waist up.
      • Signifies a personal relationship
  • 5.
    • Close-up (CS)
      • The image shot takes up at least 80% of the frame.
      • Primarily faces
      • Signifies intimacy or intensity
  • 6.
    • Eye-level (EL)
      • 90-95% of the shots seen because it is the most natural.
      • Camera is even with the characters’ eyes.
  • 7.
    • High angle (HA)
      • Camera is above the subject.
      • This has the effect of making the subject look smaller than normal, weak, powerless, trapped.
  • 8.
    • Low angle (LA)
      • Camera shoots the subject from below.
      • This has the effect of making the subject look larger than normal, strong, powerful, and threatening.
  • 9.
    • Pan
      • Stationary camera that moves from side to side.
  • 10.
    • Zoom
      • Stationary camera where the lens moves to make an object look closer or further away from the camera.
        • Moving in to a character is often a personal or revealing moment.
        • Moving away from a character creates distance or separates the audience from the character.
  • 11.
    • Tilt
      • Stationary camera that tilts up and down
      • Can have the same viewer response as low-angle/high-angle shots
  • 12.
    • Dolly/Tracking
      • Camera is on a track which allows it to move with the actions (vertical and horizontal)
  • 13.
    • Boom/Crane
      • Camera is on a crane over the action.
      • This overhead shot gives a bird’s eye view.
  • 14.
    • High Key
      • Scene is flooded with white light
      • Bright and open looking scene
    • Low Key
      • Scene is flooded with shadows and darkness
      • Creates suspense/suspicion
  • 15.
    • Bottom lighting/low lighting
      • Direct lighting from below or from one side
      • Often, dangerous or evil looking, split personality/morally ambiguous
  • 16.
    • Front/rear lighting
      • Soft, direct lighting on the face or behind the subject
      • Signifies innocence, halo-effect, angelic, etc.
  • 17.
    • We will now begin watching
    • To Kill a Mockingbird, an academy award winning film.
    • You will be analyzing the film for these cinematography techniques.