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Territorial morphology key 2014
 

Territorial morphology key 2014

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    Territorial morphology key 2014 Territorial morphology key 2014 Presentation Transcript

    • Territorial Morphology College Human Geography 2014
    • What is human territoriality? Human territoriality is the attempt to control what goes on in a specific geographic area A country’s sense of property and attachment toward its territory, expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and defended
    • What does sovereignty mean? Sovereignty is the final authority over a territory’s political and military affairs. Authority to rule
    • Territorial morphology refers to… Territorial morphology refers to the size, shape and relative location of a state (country) This affects the potential for communications and conflict with neighbors Morphology means “the form and structure of an organism or one of its parts”
    • Compact States Distance to center to any boundary does not vary significantly Ideally, a circle Beneficial for most smaller states because communication is easier Just as likely to experience civil war and ethnic conflict Sierra Leone Rwanda Burundi Swaziland Lesotho
    • Fragmented States Includes several discontinuous pieces of territory 1)fragmented by Cape Verde Islands water 2)fragmented by Equatorial Guinea and other states Sao Tome and Principe Russia (Kaliningrad), US (Alaska) Seychelles
    • Elongated States States with a long and narrow shape Suffer from poor internal communications Isolation of one region from capital Togo Malawi
    • Protruded/Prorupt States Otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension Created for access to a resource, such as water Or, created for separation of two states that would otherwise share a boundary Somalia Zaire
    • Perforated States A state that completely surrounds another state South Africa/Lesotho South Africa
    • Boundaries… a vertical plane that cuts through the subsoil & airspace (even outer space) transcend soil, water, air mark the limits of state jurisdiction
    • Boundaries differ in morphological terms Geometric: straight line boundaries physical-political or natural-political: rivers or mountains Cultural: politicalethnically based
    • Boundaries are defined, delimited, and then demarcated Defined:legal document drawn up Delimited:boundary put on a map Demarcated:boundary marked on the ground
    • Boundaries are often a source of dispute
    • Definitional Boundary Disputes legal language in dispute
    • Locational Boundary Disputes interpretation in dispute
    • Operational Boundary Disputes functions of boundary in dispute
    • Allocational Boundary Disputes dispute over resources
    • Exclave and Enclave Small outliers of territory which are separated from the rest of the territory by another state The separated territory is referred to as an exclave of the country it is associated with If the piece of territory lies within another country, it is known as an enclave of the surrounding country
    • Naxcivan is an exclave of Azerbaijan
    • This is an enclave of Azerbaijan and an exclave of Armenia