Territorial Morphology
College Human Geography
2011
What is human territoriality?
Human territoriality is the attempt to
control what goes on in a specific
geographic area
...
What does sovereignty mean?
Sovereignty is the final authority over a
territory’s political and military affairs.
Author...
Territorial morphology refers to…
Territorial morphology refers to the size,
shape and relative location of a state
(coun...
Compact States
Distance to center to
any boundary does
not vary significantly
Ideally, a circle
Beneficial for most
sma...
Fragmented States
Includes several
discontinuous pieces
of territory
1)fragmented by
Cape Verde Islands
water
2)fragmen...
Elongated States
States with a long
and narrow shape
Suffer from poor
internal
communications
Isolation of one
region f...
Protruded/Prorupt States
Otherwise compact
state with a large
projecting extension
Created for access to
a resource, suc...
Perforated States
A state that
completely surrounds
another state
South Africa/Lesotho

South Africa
Boundaries…

a vertical plane that cuts
through the subsoil & airspace
(even outer space)
transcend soil, water, air
ma...
Boundaries
differ in
morphological terms
Geometric: straight line
boundaries
physical-political or
natural-political: r...
Boundaries

are defined, delimited, and
then demarcated
Defined:legal document drawn up
Delimited:boundary put on a map...
Boundaries

are often a source of
dispute
Definitional Boundary Disputes

legal language in dispute
Locational Boundary Disputes

interpretation in dispute
Operational Boundary Disputes

functions of boundary in
dispute
Allocational Boundary Disputes

dispute over resources
Exclave and Enclave
Small outliers of territory which are
separated from the rest of the territory by
another state
The ...
Naxcivan is an exclave of Azerbaijan
This is an enclave of Azerbaijan and an
exclave of Armenia
Genetic Boundaries: R. Hartshorne
Classifications of genetic boundaries include
antecedent types. These are boundaries th...
Territorial Morphology
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Territorial Morphology

  1. 1. Territorial Morphology College Human Geography 2011
  2. 2. What is human territoriality? Human territoriality is the attempt to control what goes on in a specific geographic area A country’s sense of property and attachment toward its territory, expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and defended
  3. 3. What does sovereignty mean? Sovereignty is the final authority over a territory’s political and military affairs. Authority to rule
  4. 4. Territorial morphology refers to… Territorial morphology refers to the size, shape and relative location of a state (country) This affects the potential for communications and conflict with neighbors Morphology means “the form and structure of an organism or one of its parts”
  5. 5. Compact States Distance to center to any boundary does not vary significantly Ideally, a circle Beneficial for most smaller states because communication is easier Just as likely to experience civil war and ethnic conflict Sierra Leone Rwanda Burundi Swaziland Lesotho
  6. 6. Fragmented States Includes several discontinuous pieces of territory 1)fragmented by Cape Verde Islands water 2)fragmented by Equatorial Guinea and other states Sao Tome and Principe Russia (Kaliningrad), US (Alaska) Seychelles
  7. 7. Elongated States States with a long and narrow shape Suffer from poor internal communications Isolation of one region from capital Togo Malawi
  8. 8. Protruded/Prorupt States Otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension Created for access to a resource, such as water Or, created for separation of two states that would otherwise share a boundary Somalia Zaire
  9. 9. Perforated States A state that completely surrounds another state South Africa/Lesotho South Africa
  10. 10. Boundaries… a vertical plane that cuts through the subsoil & airspace (even outer space) transcend soil, water, air mark the limits of state jurisdiction
  11. 11. Boundaries differ in morphological terms Geometric: straight line boundaries physical-political or natural-political: rivers or mountains Cultural: politicalethnically based
  12. 12. Boundaries are defined, delimited, and then demarcated Defined:legal document drawn up Delimited:boundary put on a map Demarcated:boundary marked on the ground
  13. 13. Boundaries are often a source of dispute
  14. 14. Definitional Boundary Disputes legal language in dispute
  15. 15. Locational Boundary Disputes interpretation in dispute
  16. 16. Operational Boundary Disputes functions of boundary in dispute
  17. 17. Allocational Boundary Disputes dispute over resources
  18. 18. Exclave and Enclave Small outliers of territory which are separated from the rest of the territory by another state The separated territory is referred to as an exclave of the country it is associated with If the piece of territory lies within another country, it is known as an enclave of the surrounding country
  19. 19. Naxcivan is an exclave of Azerbaijan
  20. 20. This is an enclave of Azerbaijan and an exclave of Armenia
  21. 21. Genetic Boundaries: R. Hartshorne Classifications of genetic boundaries include antecedent types. These are boundaries that were defined and delimited before the presentday human landscape developed. Subsequent boundaries develop over a long-term and generally involve intricate international treaties. Relict boundaries are ones that no longer exist but have left important imprints on the cultural landscape. A superimposed boundary is one that is forcibly drawn. http://www.list.org/~mdoyle/issues.html

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