Commercial agriculture, found in moredeveloped countries is the production of       food for sale off the farm
Value of Agricultural Products Sold                                       (2002)                                          ...
   Most common form of agriculture in the US    west of the Appalachians and east of 98’    West   Europe from France to...
   Evenly distributed workload   Consistent income throughout year   Crop rotation rather than shifting    cultivation...
Root Crop-Cereal Crop-Rest Crop
   Consider: transportation    factors and Von Thunen’s    model   Most important type of    agriculture practiced on   ...
   Labor intensive all    year long       Declining revenue and        rising costs   Milk products vs    cheese and bu...
Milk is produced in all 50States. The top 10 producingStates in 2008 were:CaliforniaWisconsinNew YorkIdahoPennsylvaniaMinn...
   Food grains: off site consumption by humans   Grain sold to manufactures of food products       Breakfast cereals an...
   Wheat!     Sold for higher prices than other grains     More uses for human food     Stored easily without spoilage...
   Millet       Colorado, Nebraska, Missouri, South Dakota
   Commercial grazing of livestock over an    extensive area   Semi arid or arid land where vegetation too    sparce and...
   Named for mild climate    surrounding the    Mediterranean Sea in    Europe   Generally found on West    coasts of co...
   Olives…oil, fruit   Europe, Australia,    New Zealand,    California
   Viticulture: the    cultivation of    grapes   Mediterranean    Europe, Australia,    US west coast
   Portugal    produces 50% of    world’s cork   Bottle corks,    flooring, ceilings   9 years   Ecologically    frien...
   Urban agriculture   Intensive agriculture   High land rents   Truck farming   Apples, asparagus, cherries, lettuce...
MDC Agriculture
MDC Agriculture
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MDC Agriculture
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MDC Agriculture

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MDC Agriculture

  1. 1. Commercial agriculture, found in moredeveloped countries is the production of food for sale off the farm
  2. 2. Value of Agricultural Products Sold (2002) Over $5.5 billion annually $3.9 - $5 billion annually $2.3 - $3.9 billion annually $600 million - $2.3 billion annually Under $600 million annuallySource: USDA, Census of Agriculture.
  3. 3.  Most common form of agriculture in the US west of the Appalachians and east of 98’ West Europe from France to Russia Integration of crops and livestock  Grains for animal feed some human consumption  beef, milk and eggs  animals provide manure to enhance soil fertility ¾ income derived from animal sales Almost 100% of land devoted to crops
  4. 4.  Evenly distributed workload Consistent income throughout year Crop rotation rather than shifting cultivation Extensive agriculture Corn #1 in US due to higher yields per acre  Consumed by both people and animals Soybeans #2 in US  Mostly consumed as animal feed
  5. 5. Root Crop-Cereal Crop-Rest Crop
  6. 6.  Consider: transportation factors and Von Thunen’s model Most important type of agriculture practiced on farms near large urban areas in the US Milk shed: 300 miles The average size of a dairy cow herd in the US is 135 cows
  7. 7.  Labor intensive all year long  Declining revenue and rising costs Milk products vs cheese and butter  The farther the farm from the urban area the smaller percentage of output devoted to milk  Wisconsin vs Pennsylvania
  8. 8. Milk is produced in all 50States. The top 10 producingStates in 2008 were:CaliforniaWisconsinNew YorkIdahoPennsylvaniaMinnesotaTexas Since 1970, milk production has risen byNew Mexico almost half, even though milk cowMichigan numbers have declined by about a fourthWashington
  9. 9.  Food grains: off site consumption by humans Grain sold to manufactures of food products  Breakfast cereals and snack foods Commercial grain farms generally found in areas too dry for mixed livestock and crop farming US is world’s largest commercial producer of grain Wheat, oats, corn, barley, rice, millet (unless you have a beak…buy only hulled millet for human consumption)
  10. 10.  Wheat!  Sold for higher prices than other grains  More uses for human food  Stored easily without spoilage  Transported a long distance Wheat is world’s leading export crop and grown specifically for international trade Spring wheat region vs winter wheat region Highly mechanized
  11. 11.  Millet  Colorado, Nebraska, Missouri, South Dakota
  12. 12.  Commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area Semi arid or arid land where vegetation too sparce and soil too poor to support crops Extensive agriculture World wide concentrations in Spain, Portugal, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay
  13. 13.  Named for mild climate surrounding the Mediterranean Sea in Europe Generally found on West coasts of continents Food for human consumption Portugal: winter wheat and sheep Horticulture: science and art of gardening and of cultivating fruits, vegetables, plants and flowers Olives, grapes (viticulture), cereals, citrus, cork (Portugal)
  14. 14.  Olives…oil, fruit Europe, Australia, New Zealand, California
  15. 15.  Viticulture: the cultivation of grapes Mediterranean Europe, Australia, US west coast
  16. 16.  Portugal produces 50% of world’s cork Bottle corks, flooring, ceilings 9 years Ecologically friendly
  17. 17.  Urban agriculture Intensive agriculture High land rents Truck farming Apples, asparagus, cherries, lettuce, mushrooms, tomatoes Migrant workers

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