Language Presentation 2013
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  • 1. Ms. Patten 2011
  • 2. 7000-8000 languages today 165 languages spoken in the US Africa and New Guinea each have about 1000 different languages spoken Majority of world’s languages are unwritten and many are becoming extinct (esp Australia and Americas)
  • 3. Family  a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history  16 major/200 minor  English is part of Indo European family  4000 years old
  • 4. Branch  collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago  IE…8  English belongs to the Germanic branch
  • 5. Groups  a collection of languages within a branch that share a common and relatively recent origin  English is part of the West Germanic group and the Low Germanic Sub Group
  • 6. Proto Indo European  5000-9000 ya Nostratic  14,000 ya Mother Tongue  200,000 ya
  • 7. Most widely spoken language in the world Official language in 52 countries 2,000,000 words…615,000 non technical  Germany has 185,000 non technical words  typical college graduate knows 20,000-30,000 words
  • 8. Dialect  A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, syntax, cadence, and pronunciation British, American, Canadian
  • 9. Divergence (language tree) Convergence Replacement  Pidgin  Simplified language  A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages  Lingua Franca  Language of trade  A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages  Creole  a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of those being dominated