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Devoluation or Supranationalism
 

Devoluation or Supranationalism

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    Devoluation or Supranationalism Devoluation or Supranationalism Presentation Transcript

    • Devolution or Supranationalism? AP Human Geography 2012
    • What is devolution?  The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government  The disintegration of a state along regional lines  Propelled by forces that divide and destabilize, usually centrifugal forces
    • What are current examples of devolution?  Scotland (UK) – –   Belgium Czechoslovakia-peaceful split, 1993 –   Oil EU membership Hungarians are still a minority in Slovakia (11%) Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro are now formally independent of each other) Russia and former Soviet Union
    • Yugoslavia 7 major/17 minor ethnic groups  Former multinational, multiethnic state  Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
    • What is supranationalism?  Global governance  3+ states forging associations for mutual benefit and pursuit of shared goals  60+ unions today
    • What is supranationalism?  States seeking common economic, political, and cultural ground by joining unions created to benefit participants and disadvantage others – – – Sparks further supranational orgs for those left out Geographically contiguous Economically similar or different (Common Market/OPEC)
    • What are current examples of supranationalism?  Military, economic, cultural, or political  BENELUX / European Common Market / European Union  United Nations  NATO/Warsaw Treaty  OPEC  Arab League
    • NATO
    • OPEC
    • APEC
    • The United Nations       Post WWII Foster international security and cooperation 2002 had 191 countries Peacekeeping 2002: 40,000 from 80 member states in 15 different regions worldwide Unrepresented Nations and Peoples represented 51 groups of stateless or unheard peoples Subsidiaries include: – – – FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization UNESCO: Educational, Scientific and Cultural… WHO: World Health Organization