• Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
873
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 10/08/13 1 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 2. 10/08/13 2 Population Geography:Population Geography: Essential QuestionsEssential Questions • WhereWhere is the world's populationis the world's population distributed?distributed? • WhereWhere has the world's populationhas the world's population increased?increased? • WhyWhy is population increasing at differentis population increasing at different rates in different countries?rates in different countries? • WhyWhy might the world face anmight the world face an overpopulation problem?overpopulation problem?
  • 3. 10/08/13 3 Population GeographyPopulation Geography • Density refers to the frequency with which something occurs • Distribution refers to the arrangement of a feature in space
  • 4. 10/08/13 4 Population DensityPopulation Density • a measure of the number of people per unit area of land – arithmetic: people per unit area of land – physiologic: people supported by arable land – agricultural: farmers to amount of arable land
  • 5. 10/08/13 5 World PopulationWorld Population DensityDensity
  • 6. 10/08/13 6 United States DensityUnited States Density
  • 7. 10/08/13 7 United States DensityUnited States Density
  • 8. 10/08/13 8 Minnesota DensityMinnesota Density
  • 9. 10/08/13 9 ChinaChina
  • 10. 10/08/13 10 Population DistributionPopulation Distribution • describes the locations on the Earth’s surface where people live • Australia • Egypt • Mexico • Canada
  • 11. 10/08/13 11 BangladeshBangladesh • Population: 144,000,000 • Area: 144,000 sq miles • 62% arable land (89,280 sq miles) • physiologic density=1612 people per square mile of arable land
  • 12. 10/08/13 12 Montana/United StatesMontana/United States • Montana Population: 145,000 • Area: 902,195 square miles • 18% arable land = 162,395 square miles • Physiologic density = 1119 per square mile • US Population: 300,000,000 • Area: 3,717,810 square miles • 19% arable land = 706,383 square miles • Physiologic density = 424 per square mile
  • 13. 10/08/13 13 World PopulationWorld Population ConcentrationsConcentrations • East Asia • South Asia • Southeast Asia • Europe In the three Asian clusters, more than ½ the world’s population lives on less than 10% of the world’s land.
  • 14. 10/08/13 14 World PopulationWorld Population ClustersClusters 4 1 3 2
  • 15. 10/08/13 15 East AsiaEast Asia • China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan – 1/5 the world’s total population – 5/6 of the region’s population live in China, mostly river and coastal regions – 2/3 of people in China live as farmers in rural areas – In Japan and Korean Peninsula, ¾+ live in urban areas and work in industry and service
  • 16. 10/08/13 16 South AsiaSouth Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka – 1/5 the world’s population – most are rural farmers (3/4), not city dwellers – centered along Ganges and Indus river valleys, lowlands and coastal areas – restrained by mountains
  • 17. 10/08/13 17 Southeast AsiaSoutheast Asia • Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines – Island nations in the Pacific – Around river valleys and deltas
  • 18. 10/08/13 18 EuropeEurope • Britain, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, France, N Italy – ¾ live in cities – Less than 20% are farmers – Highest concentration near coal fields
  • 19. 10/08/13 19 Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions • Eastern US – Bosnywash, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, California – In Europe and North America, cities and towns more densely populated that rural areas – Megalopolis
  • 20. 10/08/13 20 Subordinate RegionsSubordinate Regions • Western Africa – Nigeria most populous African country
  • 21. 10/08/13 21 4 1 3 2
  • 22. 10/08/13 22 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Birth Rate – number of live births per year per 1000 people in the population – +30 is high – highest today in Africa and SW Asia – lowest in Europe – inversely related to modernization, industrialization, urbanization and economic development – exception: China – US: 14/1000
  • 23. 10/08/13 23
  • 24. 10/08/13 24 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Death Rate – number of deaths per thousand people in a given year – highest in tropical Africa – lowest in N America, S America, Europe, Japan, Australia – high CDR’s tend to reflect high infant mortality – US: 8/1000
  • 25. 10/08/13 25
  • 26. 10/08/13 26 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Natural Increase – difference between number of births and deaths during a specific time period – US: .88% Natural Increase 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 1950- 1955 1955- 1960 1960- 1965 1965- 1970 1970- 1975 1975- 1980 1980- 1985 1985- 1990 1990- 1995 1995- 2000 2000- 2005 Birth rate Death rate
  • 27. 10/08/13 27
  • 28. 10/08/13 28
  • 29. 10/08/13 29 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Total Fertility Rate – the number of children born to women of child bearing age – 15-45 ?? – 2.1 Lowest Fertility Rates Worldwide 1.17 1.12 0.94 0.84 1.22 1.24 1.24 1.23 1.23 1.20 Belarus Bulgaria Republic of Moldova Republic of Korea Slovenia Slovakia Czech Republic Ukraine China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region China, Macao Special Administrative Region
  • 30. 10/08/13 30
  • 31. 10/08/13 31
  • 32. 10/08/13 32 Population StatsPopulation Stats • Infant Mortality Rate – the number of children who die before they reach one year – US: 6.3/1000
  • 33. 10/08/13 33
  • 34. 10/08/13 34
  • 35. 10/08/13 35 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Linear Growth – increases in a uniform amount during a series of equal time periods
  • 36. 10/08/13 36 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Exponential Growth – increases in a compounding amount over a series of equal time periods
  • 37. 10/08/13 37 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Doubling Time – the time it takes to double a country’s population – 70 / NIR = Doubling Time
  • 38. 10/08/13 38 Ninth Eighth Seventh Sixth Fifth Fourth Third Second First Billion Number of years to add each billion (year) All of Human History (1800) 130 (1930) 30 (1960) 15 (1975) 12 (1987) 12 (1999) 14 (2013) 14 (2027) 21 (2048) Sources: First and second billion: Population Reference Bureau. Third through ninth billion: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario), 2005. World Population Growth, in BillionsWorld Population Growth, in Billions 1st Billion: 1800 years 2nd Billion: 130 years 4th Billion: 45 years 8th Billion: 52 years
  • 39. 10/08/13 39 Measuring GrowthMeasuring Growth • Population Explosion – refers to the rapid growth of the world’s population during the last century accompanied by ever shorter doubling times and accelerating rates of increase
  • 40. 10/08/13 40
  • 41. 10/08/13 41 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 42. 10/08/13 42 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 43. 10/08/13 43 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 44. 10/08/13 44 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 45. 10/08/13 45 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 46. 10/08/13 46 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 47. 10/08/13 47 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 48. 10/08/13 http://desip.igc.org/populationmaps.h tml 48 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 49. 10/08/13 49 Population GeographyPopulation Geography
  • 50. 10/08/13 50 Population Center of thePopulation Center of the USUS