InternationalizingWeb-Based Distance Education at the Post-Secondary Level Prepared for Thesis Defense March 31, 2002 Cinda L. Holsombach-Ebner College of Education New Mexico State University
Outline of Study PresentationChapter ReviewsChapter Editing ChangesCommittee Discussion
Internationalizing Web-Based Distance Education at the Post-Secondary Level Chapter 1 Introduction to the Study
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study 3 Impetuses Behind the Study: Global Need for Education Globalization TechnologyAll are leading to the internationalization and globalization of distance education….
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study Statement of the Problem Outlines the transition of traditional institutions into the distance education marketplace and the resulting challenges for the administration of distance education in an emerging borderless marketplace.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study Purpose of Study The purpose of this study was to learn about challenges and potential barriers in internationalizing web-based distance education programs at the postsecondary level from leading international distance education program administrators around the world. This study attempted to answer the following questions:
Chapter 1: Introduction to the StudyResearch Questions 1. What are the barriers and challenges to internationalizing a web-based distance education program? 2. Which barriers have been overcome and what strategies were used to do so? 3. Which barriers continue to prevent the leading international web-based distance education programs from fully delivering distance education to an international student audience and what current strategies are being tested as solutions?
Chapter 1: Introduction to the StudyTheoretical and Conceptual Framework social science anthropology education educational technology distance education.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study Lens for analysis: globalization; postmodernism and its effect on society and higher education with a focus on distance education; the Digital Divide; education as a public good versus the commodification of education resulting from increasing trade of education internationally; distance learning as an educational solution in developing countries; the importance of collaboration and partnerships in international borderless expansion; and the predictions for the future of international distance education.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study Distance Education General Information Definitional Components Types of Distance Education Distance Education Structures Advantages of Distance Education
Editing Changes to Chapter 1Pg. 1: Subsection Title Change: Rationalefor Study
Internationalizing Web-Based Distance Education at the Post-Secondary Level Chapter 2 Literature Review
Chapter 2: Literature Review History of Distance Education Legitimization of Distance Education Theory Current Context of International Distance Education: Globalization Equity and technology Globalization of Higher Education Globalization of Distance Education
Chapter 2: Literature Review Globalization of Distance Education Institution-Centric to Consumer-Centric Model Shift Intl DE Market and Competiton DE in the United States Competitors Abroad Institutional Readiness DE and Developing Countries Examples of DE Abroad Collaboration and Examples The Future of International Distance Education
Chapter 2: Literature Review Research in Distance Education Shortcomings Gaps Evaluation Models Two Case Studies
Editing Changes to Chapter 2Pg. 17: Title Change to Literature Review,not Distance Education ResearchPg 19: Figure 1 Table will be enlargedPg 46-47: Misplaced text-should be movedto the Research subsection of Chapter 2, pg.88+
Internationalizing Web-Based Distance Education at the Post-Secondary Level Chapter 3 Methodology
Chapter 3: Methodology Introduction Preview of design Review of purpose Research questions Description of research objectives
Chapter 3: Methodology Description of research objectives Objective #1: Challenges and barriers Objective #2: Criteria to be met Objective #3: Strategies
Chapter 3: Methodology Design of the Study Data Collection Objectives Role of Researcher Methodology
•Study ParticipantsDistance Education Administrators from Leading Providers Across the GlobeUniversity of Southern Open UniversityQueensland, Australia Hong Kong Athabasca University Penn State’s Alberta, Canada World Campus
Internationalizing Web-Based Distance Education at the Post-Secondary Level Chapter 4 Results of the Study
Chapter 4: Results of the Study 4-Step Analysis Process Transcript Compilation Coding Coding Summation and Illustration Discussion
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #1: What are the barriers and challenges to internationalizing a web- based distance education program?
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #2: Which barriers have been successfully overcome to some extent by your institution and what were the strategies used to do so?
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #3: Which barriers are still preventing your institution from delivering to an international audience and what strategies are currently being tested or planned as solutions?
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #1: Based on the administrators’ responses during Interview 1, technical accessibility appears to be a major barrier to web-based distance education for many students around the world. Given the advanced technical requirements of web-based DE, how would you advise an administrator new to international distance education on the role that the Internet and web-based learning/teaching will take in the future? (major coding category: accessibility)
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #2: It is clear from Interview 1 responses that collaboration may be an essential component to any successful internationalization of distance education. What path/paths should an administrator take in forging new collaborations internationally and which collaborations are most beneficial at the earliest stages of internationalizing a web- based DE program? (major coding category: collaboration)
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #3: For those that participated in Interview 1, it appears that cultural issues are in the forefront of the administrators’ minds as real challenges. Suppose an institution has had a request to offer a distance education program in a particular foreign country. What cultural issues need to be focused on during planning, development, implementation, and evaluation, and how do you suggest that the administrator approach this task? (major coding category: culture)
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #4: Much mention was made during Interview 1 of the importance of student services and support. Please describe what services and support you feel should be in place before offering distance education to international students. (major coding category: student services and support)
Chapter 4: Results of the Study Question #5: Given that a stated mission of many internationalization efforts is to provide increased educational opportunities for those who lack resources, what are some possibilities for an institution to both be profitable while offering distance education to those who have difficulty affording it and/or lack the technology required? (major coding category: profitable development)