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writing
            techniques



Monday, 17 August 2009
tone


Monday, 17 August 2009
the writer's attitude toward the
                   material and/or readers. Tone may be
                   playful, forma...
mood


Monday, 17 August 2009
a mood or atmosphere is the feeling
                  that a literary work conveys to
               readers. Mood is crea...
theme



Monday, 17 August 2009
The main idea or underlying meaning of a
                  literary work. A theme may be stated or
                  impli...
theme
                     It is important to recognise the difference
                     between the theme of a literar...
Ways to identify themes
             1. Themes are expressed and emphasised by the way the author
             makes us fe...
•      Betrayal       •   Ethnic        •   Healing
                                                              •   Loya...
foreshadowing



Monday, 17 August 2009
An author’s use of hints or clues to
            suggest events that will occur later in the
            story. Not all fo...
Foreshadowing frequently serves two
               purposes.
               It builds suspense by raising questions
      ...
Characters




Monday, 17 August 2009
They have good and bad qualities. Their goals,
               ambitions and values change. A round character
             ...
Protagonist




Monday, 17 August 2009
The main character in the story
            




Monday, 17 August 2009
Antagonist




Monday, 17 August 2009
The character or force that
                         opposes the protagonist. 




Monday, 17 August 2009
Foil


Monday, 17 August 2009
A character who provides a
                         contrast to the protagonist.




Monday, 17 August 2009
Point of view




Monday, 17 August 2009
First Person
                  The narrator is a character in the story who
                  can reveal only personal tho...
Third-Person Objective
                 The narrator is an outsider who can
                 report only what he or she se...
Third-Person Limited
                   The narrator is an outsider who
                   sees into the mind of one of th...
Omniscient
                         The narrator is an all-knowing
                         outsider who can enter the min...
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Literacy Techniques/Kite Runner

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Transcript of "Literacy Techniques/Kite Runner"

  1. 1. writing techniques Monday, 17 August 2009
  2. 2. tone Monday, 17 August 2009
  3. 3. the writer's attitude toward the material and/or readers. Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, depressed, etc. Monday, 17 August 2009
  4. 4. mood Monday, 17 August 2009
  5. 5. a mood or atmosphere is the feeling that a literary work conveys to readers. Mood is created through the use of plot, character, the author’s descriptions, etc. Monday, 17 August 2009
  6. 6. theme Monday, 17 August 2009
  7. 7. The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied. Themes may be major or minor. A major theme is an idea the author returns to time and again. It becomes one of the most important ideas in the story. Minor themes are ideas that may appear from time to time. Monday, 17 August 2009
  8. 8. theme It is important to recognise the difference between the theme of a literary work and the subject of a literary work. The subject is the topic on which an author has chosen to write. However, the theme makes some statement about or expresses some opinion on that topic. Monday, 17 August 2009
  9. 9. Ways to identify themes 1. Themes are expressed and emphasised by the way the author makes us feel. 2. Themes are presented in thoughts and conversations. Look for thoughts that are repeated throughout the story. 3. Themes are suggested through the characters. The main character usually illustrates the most important theme of the story. e.g. what does the main character learn in the course of the story? 4. The actions or events in the story are used to suggest theme. One thing authors think about is what an action will "say". In other words, how will the action express an idea or theme? Monday, 17 August 2009
  10. 10. • Betrayal • Ethnic • Healing • Loyalty tensions • Choices • Honour • Lying • Evil • Class • Immigrant • Politics Distinctions • Fathers and experience sons • • Power • Coming of • Immigrant age Forgiveness experience and the • Redemption • Competition • Fear American • Religion • Courage • Freedom Dream • Salvation • Cowardice • Friendship • Injustice • Search for • Cruelty • Goodness • Living up to Identity parents’ • Guilt expectations • Truth • Cultural differences • Happiness • Love • Wealth Monday, 17 August 2009
  11. 11. foreshadowing Monday, 17 August 2009
  12. 12. An author’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story. Not all foreshadowing is obvious. Frequently, future events are merely hinted at through dialogue, description, or the attitudes and reactions of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009
  13. 13. Foreshadowing frequently serves two purposes. It builds suspense by raising questions that encourage the reader to go on and find out more about the event that is being foreshadowed. Foreshadowing is also a means of making a narrative more believable by partially preparing the reader for events which are to follow. Monday, 17 August 2009
  14. 14. Characters Monday, 17 August 2009
  15. 15. They have good and bad qualities. Their goals, ambitions and values change. A round character changes as a result of what happens to him or her. A character who changes inside as a result of what happens to him is referred to in literature as a DYNAMIC character. A dynamic character grows or progresses to a higher level of understanding in the course of the story. Monday, 17 August 2009
  16. 16. Protagonist Monday, 17 August 2009
  17. 17. The main character in the story Monday, 17 August 2009
  18. 18. Antagonist Monday, 17 August 2009
  19. 19. The character or force that opposes the protagonist. Monday, 17 August 2009
  20. 20. Foil Monday, 17 August 2009
  21. 21. A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist. Monday, 17 August 2009
  22. 22. Point of view Monday, 17 August 2009
  23. 23. First Person The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can’t tell us thoughts of other characters. Monday, 17 August 2009
  24. 24. Third-Person Objective The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can’t tell us the thoughts of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009
  25. 25. Third-Person Limited The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009
  26. 26. Omniscient The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009
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