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Cells were discovered in 1665 by British scientist Robert Hooke.
Animal and plant cell range in size between 1 and 100
mic...
Animal cell
 enclosed by a plasma membrane and
  containing a membrane-bound
  nucleus and organelles.
 animal cells do ...
CHAPTER 1- CELL
 ANIMAL CELL
Draw an animal cell and label
PLANT CELL
?
CELL WALL
 [plant cell]
Function
   Shape of plant cell

   Mechanical support of a
    plant cell
CELL MEMBRANES
Cell membrane
Function
 Separates the content of a cell
  from the outer environment
 Regulates the movement of

  substances into and...
ORGANELLS
  nucleus
Function
   Controls all activities of the cell

   Chromosomes inside the nucleus
    carry genetic information which
 ...
MITOCHONDRIA
Function


•    Mitochondria are oblong shaped
    organelles that are found in the
    cytoplasm of every eukaryotic cell...
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
Function
•   The endoplasmic reticulum is a
    network of sacs that manufactures,
    processes, and transports
    chemi...
SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
Function


 Metabolic reaction
 Synthesis lipids and

  detoxification
GOLGY BODY
Function
     The Golgi apparatus is the distribution and
shipping department for the cell's chemical products.

         ...
•The main function of these micro bodies is digestion.

• Lysosomes break down cellular waste products and
 debris from ou...
Vacuole

- a single layer of unit membrane
  enclosing fluid in a sack

    Function
- produces turgid pressure against ce...
CHLOROPLAST
Function

 Absorbing light for
  photosynthesis
 Give green color to plant
CENTRIOLES, RIBOSOME,




Involve in       Synthesis proteins
cell division
Enzyme synthesis
   DNA/ chromosome is copied by RNA
   RNA sent information to the ribosome
   Ribosome synthesis enzy...
Density of certain organelles with
    the function of specific cells




What organelle can be found most in palisade cel...
muscle




What organelle can be found most in muscle cell ? WHY?
What organelle can be found most in sperm cell ? WHY?
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Transcript of "cell"

  1. 1. Cells were discovered in 1665 by British scientist Robert Hooke. Animal and plant cell range in size between 1 and 100 micrometers and are thus visible only with the aid of a microscope. HASIMAH BT AZIT
  2. 2. Animal cell  enclosed by a plasma membrane and containing a membrane-bound nucleus and organelles.  animal cells do not have a cell wall.
  3. 3. CHAPTER 1- CELL ANIMAL CELL
  4. 4. Draw an animal cell and label
  5. 5. PLANT CELL
  6. 6. ?
  7. 7. CELL WALL [plant cell]
  8. 8. Function  Shape of plant cell  Mechanical support of a plant cell
  9. 9. CELL MEMBRANES
  10. 10. Cell membrane
  11. 11. Function  Separates the content of a cell from the outer environment  Regulates the movement of substances into and out of cytoplasm
  12. 12. ORGANELLS nucleus
  13. 13. Function  Controls all activities of the cell  Chromosomes inside the nucleus carry genetic information which determines the characteristics and functions of a cell.
  14. 14. MITOCHONDRIA
  15. 15. Function • Mitochondria are oblong shaped organelles that are found in the cytoplasm of every eukaryotic cell. • In the animal cell, they are the main power generators, converting oxygen and glucose into energy.
  16. 16. ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
  17. 17. Function • The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of sacs that manufactures, processes, and transports chemical compounds for use inside and outside of the cell. • It is connected to the double-layered nuclear envelope, providing a pipeline between the nucleus and the cytoplasm.
  18. 18. SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
  19. 19. Function  Metabolic reaction  Synthesis lipids and detoxification
  20. 20. GOLGY BODY
  21. 21. Function The Golgi apparatus is the distribution and shipping department for the cell's chemical products. It modifies proteins and fats built in the endoplasmic reticulum and prepares them for export to the outside of the cell.
  22. 22. •The main function of these micro bodies is digestion. • Lysosomes break down cellular waste products and debris from outside the cell into simple compounds, which are transferred to the cytoplasm as new cell-building materials.
  23. 23. Vacuole - a single layer of unit membrane enclosing fluid in a sack Function - produces turgid pressure against cell wall for support - stores water and various chemicals - may store insoluble wastes
  24. 24. CHLOROPLAST
  25. 25. Function  Absorbing light for photosynthesis  Give green color to plant
  26. 26. CENTRIOLES, RIBOSOME, Involve in Synthesis proteins cell division
  27. 27. Enzyme synthesis  DNA/ chromosome is copied by RNA  RNA sent information to the ribosome  Ribosome synthesis enzyme according to information  Protein / enzyme produced is transported by RER in vesicles called transport vesicles.  Vesicles move to Golgi body, proteins are processed before secreted outside the cell.
  28. 28. Density of certain organelles with the function of specific cells What organelle can be found most in palisade cell ? WHY?
  29. 29. muscle What organelle can be found most in muscle cell ? WHY?
  30. 30. What organelle can be found most in sperm cell ? WHY?
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