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# Module science process skill

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• THANKS FOR YOUR SHARING CIKGU . iTS VERY GOOD IDEA..THAT I WAS TRY TO APPLIED EARLIER..YOUR POST REALLY HELPED ME. THANKS A LOT AGAIN CIKGU

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• thank you so much

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• I am Jeremiah Raphael, teaching Science at SMK Balai Ringin Serian, Sarawak. Thank you so much cikgu for sharing this module with us. May God bless you.

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• terima kasih atas perkongsian ilmu

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• tq di atas perkongsian ilmu ini

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### Module science process skill

1. 1. Tema:‘ Bermekar dan Bertebarlah di Ujana RJ’ Disediakan oleh: MOHD KHAIRUL ABADI BIN PUTEH SMK RAJA JUMAAT 71007 PORT DICKSON
2. 2. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPMChapter 3 : Heredity and VariationBab 3 : Keturunan dan Variasi1 The Form 4 Ibnu Sina carried out an experiment to study the variation of thumb prints. There are four groups of thumb prints ; arch, loop, whorl and composite. Figure 1 shows the thumb prints of 25 pupils from the class. Kelas 4 Ibnu Sina menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi cap ibu jari. Terdapat empat kumpulan cap ibu jari iaitu lengkung, gelung, sepusar dan komposit. Rajah 1 menunjukkan cap ibu jari 25 orang murid dalam kelas tersebut. Diagram 1 Rajah 1 2abadi@RJ2012
3. 3. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM a) Based on Figure 1, determine the number of pupils in each group. Complete Table 1. Berdasarkan Rajah 1, tentukan bilangan murid bagi setiap kumpulan. Lengkapkan jadual 1 Group of thumb print Kumpulan cap ibu jari Arch Loop Composite Whorl Number of pupils Jumlah pelajar Table 1 Jadual 1 b) Based on the result in Table 1, draw a bar chart to show the number of pupils against the groups of thumb prints. Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 1, lukiskan carta bar yang menunjukkan bilangan murid melawan kumpulan cap ibu jari. Number of pupils Jumlah pelajar 10 8 6 4 2 Group of thumb print Kumpulan cap ibu jari Arch Loop Composite Whorl c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b). Tuliskan kesimpulan tentang jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b). ....................................................................................................................................... 3abadi@RJ2012
4. 4. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 2 Table 1 shows the height of 40 students in Form 5 Rajin. Jadual 1 menunjukkan ketinggian bagi 40 orang pelajar dalam Tingkatan 5 Rajin. 156 149 153 160 152 151 153 150 163 165 166 155 159 159 157 155 159 163 152 160 157 158 157 165 154 162 162 159 158 157 163 159 159 169 164 163 152 156 160 158 Table 1 Jadual 1 a) CompleteTable 2 based on data given. Lengkapkan Jadual 1berdasarkan data yang diberikan. Height of students Ketinggian pelajar 146-150 151-155 156-160 161-165 166-170 (cm) Number of students Bilangan pelajar Table 2 Jadual 2 b) Construct a histogram for the number of student against the height of students. Lukiskan satu histogram bagi bilangan ketinggian pelajar-pelajar.NumberofstudentsJumlahpelajar Height of students/cm Ketinggian pelajar/ cm c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b). Tuliskan kesimpulan tentang jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b). ....................................................................................................................................... 4 abadi@RJ2012
5. 5. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 3 Table 3 shows type of blood group of 30 students in Form 3 Mutiara Jadual 3 menunjukkan jenis kumpulan darah bagi 30 orang pelajar dalam Tingkatan 3 Mutiara A B B O AB B A AB A B AB O O AB A A AB O AB O O AB AB B B AB B A B AB Table 3 Jadual 3 a) CompleteTable 4 based on data given. Lengkapkan Jadual 4berdasarkan data yang diberikan. Type of blood group A B AB O Jenis kumpulan darah Number of students Bilangan pelajar Table 4 Jadual 4 b) Construct a histogram for the number of student against the height of students. Lukiskan satu histogram bagi bilangan ketinggian pelajar-pelajar.NumberofstudentsJumlahpelajar Type of blood group Jenis kumpulan darah c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b). Tuliskan kesimpulan tentang jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b). ....................................................................................................................................... 5 abadi@RJ2012
6. 6. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM4 The Form 4 Delima carried out an experiment to study the variation of earlobes. There are two types of earlobes ; free attached earlobes and attached earlobes. Figure 2 shows the earlobes of 25 pupils from the class. Kelas 4 Delima menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji variasi bagi cuping telinga. Terdapat dua jenis cuping telinga iaitu bebas melekat dan melekat pada kepala. Rajah 2 menunjukkan cap ibu jari 25 orang murid dalam kelas tersebut. Figure 2 Rajah 2 6abadi@RJ2012
7. 7. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM a) Based on Figure 2, determine the number of students in each group. Complete Table 5. Berdasarkan Rajah 2, tentukan bilangan murid bagi setiap kumpulan. Lengkapkan jadual 5 Type of earlobes Jenis cuping telinga Free attached earlobe Attached earlobe Cuping telinga bebas Cuping telinga melekat Number of students Bilangan pelajar Table 5 Jadual 5 b) Based on the result in Table 5, draw a bar chart to show the number of students against the type of earlobes. Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 1, lukiskan carta bar yang menunjukkan bilangan murid melawan kumpulan cap ibu jari. Number 14 of students 12 Jumlah pelajar 10 8 6 4 2 Type of earlobes Jenis cuping telinga Attached earlobe Free attached earlobe Cuping telinga melekat Cuping telinga bebas c) Write a conclusion on the type of variation based on the bar chart in (b). Tuliskan kesimpulan tentang jenis variasi berdasarkan carta bar di (b). ....................................................................................................................................... 7abadi@RJ2012
8. 8. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPMChapter 4 : Matter and SubstanceBab 4 : Jirim dan Bahan1 The apparatus set-up shows in Diagram 1 was used to investigate the change of state of water. The experiment was carried out at a room temperature of 300C. Susunan radas yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1 digunakan untuk menyiasat satu proses perubahan keadaan air. Eksperimen tersebut dijalankan pada suhu bilik iaitu 300C. Thermometer Termometer 50 cm3 of water 50 cm3 air Water droplets Titisan-titisan air Set A Set B Diagram 1 Rajah 1 Table 1 shows the result of the experiment. Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen. Apparatus set-up Temperature of water in the Amount of water droplets formed Susunan radas beaker (0C) on the outer wall of the beaker Suhu air di dalam bikar (0C) Jumlah titisan-titisan air yang terbentuk pada dinding luar bikar Set A 30 None/Tiada Set B 15 A lot/ Banyak Table 1 Jadual 1 a) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 8abadi@RJ2012
9. 9. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:....................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:............................................................................................................ dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas c) State the observation based on the result of the experiment. Nyatakan pemerhatian berdasarkan hasil keputusan eksperimen tersebut. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... d) Give one inference for the observation in Set B Berikan satu inferens untuk pemerhatian pada Set B ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for condensation Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi kondensasi. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 9abadi@RJ2012
10. 10. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 2 An experiment is carried out to determine the boiling point of a liquid. The temperature of the liquid is recorded every two minutes until it boils. Table 1 shows the result of the experiment. Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan takat didih suatu cecair. Suhu cecair itu direkodkan setiap dua minit sehingga mendidih. Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen Time/minute 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Masa/minit Temperature/oC 0 20 40 60 80 100 100 Suhu/ oC Table 1 Jadual 1 a) Based on Table 1, draw a graph of temperature against time. Berdasarkan Jadual 1, lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa.Temperature/0 CSuhu/0C 100 80 60 40 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Time / minute Masa / minit 10 abadi@RJ2012
11. 11. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on the graph in 2 (a), state the relationship between the temperature of the liquid and time in the first 10 minutes. Berdasarkan graf di 2(a), nyatakan hubungan antara suhu cecair itu dengan masa dalam 10 minit pertama ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... c) Determine the boiling point of the liquid from the graph. Tentukan takat didih cecair tersebut daripada graf. ......................................................................................................................................... d) Predict the boiling point of the solution if common salt powder is added. Ramalkan takat didih larutan itu jika serbuk garam biasa ditambah. .........................................................................................................................................3 Diagram 2 (a) and (b) show an experiment carried out to study the electrical conductivity of copper (II) sulphate solution. Rajah 2 (a) dan (b) menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik bagi kuprum (II) sulfat. Carbon electrode Solid copper (II) Carbon Copper (II) Elektrod karbon sulphate electrode sulphate solution Pepejal kuprum Elektrod Larutan kuprum (II) sulfat karbon (II) sulfat Diagram 2 Rajah 2 a) What is the reading of the ammeter in Diagram 2 (b)? Apakah bacaan ammeter dalam Rajah 2 (b)? Ammeter in Diagram 2 (a): 0 A Ammeter dalam Rajah 2 (a): Ammeter in Diagram 2 (b): A Ammeter dalam Rajah 2 (b): 11abadi@RJ2012
12. 12. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas c) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... d) Give one inference for the observation in Set B Berikan satu inferens untuk pemerhatian pada Set B ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Copper (II) sulphate is an ionic compound. , state the operational definition for ionic compound. Kuprum (II) sulfat ialah sebatian ionik. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sebatian ionik. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... f) Tick () the substance which can be used to replace copper (II) sulphate and give the same observation as in Diagram 2. Tandakan () bagi bahan yang boleh digunakan untuk menggantikan kuprum (II) sulphate dan menghasilkan pemerhatian yang sama seperti dalam Rajah 2. Naphtalene Sodium chloride Glucose Potassium iodide Naftalena Natrium klorida Glukosa Kalium iodida 12abadi@RJ2012
13. 13. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM4 Diagram 3.1 shows an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of sulphur powder and Diagram 3.2 shows an experiment to study the electrical conductivity of lead fillings. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik bagi serbuk sulphur dan Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik bagi serbuk plumbum. Carbon electrode Carbon electrode Elektrod karbon Elektrod karbon Sulphur powder Serbuk sulfur Diagram 3.1 Rajah 3.1 Carbon electrode Carbon electrode Elektrod karbon Elektrod karbon Lead fillings Serbuk plumbum Diagram 3.2 Rajah 3.2 a) State one observation based on Diagram 3.1 and Diagram 3.2. Nyatakan satu pemerhatian berdasarkan Rajah 3.1 dan Rajah 3.2. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... b) State one inference for this experiment. Nyatakan satu inferens bagi eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... c) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas 13abadi@RJ2012
14. 14. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM d) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Sulphur is an molecular substance. State the operational definition for molecular substance. Sulfur ialah bahan molekul. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi bahan molekul. ......................................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................................5 Diagram 4 shows an arrangement of the apparatus to study the electrical conductivity of substance P, Q and R in solid and liquid state. Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik bagi bahan P, Q dan R dalam keadaan pepejal dan cecair. Bulb Mentol Substance Carbon electrode Bahan Elektrod karbon Diagram 4 Rajah 4 The observation is obtained in Table 2. Pemerhatian dicatatkan dalam Jadual2. Bulb condition Substance Keadaan mentol Bahan Solid Molten Pepejal Cecair P Lights up Lights up Menyala Menyala Q Not lights up Not lights up Tidak menyala Tidak menyala R Not lights up Lights up Tidak menyala Menyala Table 2/ Jadual 2 14abadi@RJ2012
15. 15. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM a) State one inference for this experiment. Nyatakan satu inferens bagi eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... b) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) Controlled:............................................................................................................ dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas c) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... d) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for electrical conductivity. Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi kekonduksian elektrik. ......................................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................................6 Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 show an experiment to investigate the electrical conductivity of metal and non-metal. Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kekonduksian elektrik oleh bahan logam dan bukan logam. Dry cell Dry cell Sel kering Sel kering Switch Switch Suis Suis Plate A Plate B Plat A Plat B Diagram 5.1 Diagram 5.2 Rajah 5.1 Rajah 5.2 15abadi@RJ2012
16. 16. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM a) Based on Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2, what is your observation on the condition of the bulb? Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2, apakah pemerhatian anda pada keadaan mentol? ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... b) State one inference for this experiment. Nyatakan satu inferens bagi eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... c) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas d) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for metal. Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi logam. ......................................................................................................................................... f) Based on the experiment, mark (√) the diagram that same properties with plate A. Berdasarkan eksperimen di atas, tandakan (√) pada rajah yang mempunyai sifat seperti plat A. 16abadi@RJ2012
17. 17. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM7 Diagram 6 shows an experiment to study the effect of impurities on boiling point of distilled water. Rajah 6 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan bendasing ke atas takat didih air suling. Diagram 6 Rajah 6 The result of the experiment are recorded are in Table 3. Keputusan ekperimen direkodkan dalam Jadual 3. Substances Boiling point/ 0 C (Bahan) (Takat didih / 0 C) Distilled water 100 (Air suling) Distilled water + common salt …………… (Air suling + garam biasa) Table 3 Jadual 3 a) Based on the above experiment, what is the thermometer reading in Diagram 3? Berdasarkan eksperimen di atas, apakah bacaan termometer dalam Rajah 3? b) Give a reason for your answer in (a) Berikan sebab bagi jawapan anda di (a) ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 17abadi@RJ2012
18. 18. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM c) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas d) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for distilled water. Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi air suling. .........................................................................................................................................8 Diagram 7 shows an experiment to study the effect of impurities on the boiling point of ethanol Rajah 7 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan bendasing terhadap takat didih etanol. Thermometer Termometer Distilled water Air suling Pure ethanol Etanol tulen Diagram 7 Rajah 7 18abadi@RJ2012
19. 19. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM The results of the experiment are recorded in Table 4. Keputusan eksperimen direkodkan dalam Jadual 4. Substances Boiling point/ 0 C (Bahan) (Takat didih / 0 C) Pure ethanol 78 Etanol tulen Pure ethanol + distilled water …………… Etanol tulen + air suling Table 4 Jadual 4 a) Based on the above experiment, what is the thermometer reading in Diagram 3? Berdasarkan eksperimen di atas, apakah bacaan termometer dalam Rajah 3? b) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... c) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas d) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for pure ethanol. Berdasarkan eksperimen ini, nyatakan definisi secara operasi etanol tulen ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 19abadi@RJ2012
20. 20. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPMChapter 5 : Energy and Physical Changes1 Diagram 1 shows an experiment to study the heat change in a fermentation process of glucose Rajah 1 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji perubahan haba dalm proses penapaian glukosa. Thermometer Termometer Delivery tube Salur penghantar Water Glucose solution + yeast Air Larutan glukosa + yis Diagram 1 Rajah 1 The results of the experiment are recorded in Table 1. Keputusan eksperimen direkodkan dalam Jadual 1. Time (min) Thermometer reading/ 0 C Masa(min) Bacaan termometer / 0 C) 0 28 5 30 10 ............ 15 34 20 35 25 35 Table 1 Jadual 1 a) Based on the thermometer reading in Diagram 1, complete Table 1. Berdasarkan bacaan thermometer dalam Rajah 1, lengkapkan Jadual 1. 20abadi@RJ2012
21. 21. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on Table 1, draw a graph to show the relationship the time and the temperature. Berdasarkan Jadual 1, lukiskan graf untuk menunjukkan hubungan antara masa dan suhu.Temperature/0 CSuhu/0C 36 34 32 30 28 26 0 5 10 15 20 25 Time / minute Masa / minit c) What the relationship between the temperature of the glucose and time in the first 15 minutes? Apakah hubungan antara suhu larutan glukosa itu dengan masa dalam 15 minit pertama? ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 21 abadi@RJ2012
22. 22. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM d) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:...................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:.......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: ........................................................................................................... bergerak balas f) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... g) Predict the temperature at the 30th minute. Ramalkan suhu pada minit ke -30. ......................................................................................................................................... 22abadi@RJ2012
23. 23. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM2 Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the heat change in chemical reactions at room temperature (300C). Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji perubahan haba dalam tindak balas kimia pada suhu bilik (300C). Thermometer Termometer Sodium chloride Ammonium chloride Natrium klorida Ammonium klorida Water Air Final temperature Suhu akhir Diagram 2 Rajah 2 a) Record the final temperature reading of both types of substance in the Table 2. Catatkan bacaan akhir suhu bagi kedua-dua jenis bahan dalam Jadual 2. Types of substances Final temperature reading / (0C) Jenis bahan Bacaan akhir suhu / (0C) Sodium hydroxide Natrium hidroksida Ammonium chloride Ammonium klorida Table 2 Jadual 2 23abadi@RJ2012
24. 24. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Write down one observation from the result of this experiment. Nyatakan satu pemerhatian daripada keputusan eksperimen ini. ....................................................................................................................................... c) State one inference based on your observation. Nyatakan satu inferens berdasarkan pemerhatian anda. ....................................................................................................................................... d) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:.................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: .......................................................................................................... bergerak balas e) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... f) Which substance shows an exothermic reaction? Bahan manakah yang menunjukkan tindak balas eksotermik? ....................................................................................................................................... g) State the operational definition for exothermic reaction. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi tindak balas eksotermik. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 24abadi@RJ2012
25. 25. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM3 Diagram 3 shows an experiment to study the reaction of magnesium with dilute hydrochloric acid. Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindak balas logam magnesium dengan asid hidroklorik cair. Dilute hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik cair Gas 5g of metal magnesium 5g logam magnesium Water Air Diagram 3 Rajah 3 The volume of gas collected is recorded every minute for six minutes. Table 3 shows the results of the experiment. Isipadu gas yang dikumpul direkod setiap minit dalam amsa enam minit. Jadual 3 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen. Time (minutes) Masa (minit) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Volume of gas collected (cm3) Isipadu gas (cm3) 20 30 37 41 43 43 Table 3 Jadual 3 a) State the variables that are Nyatakan pembolehubah-pembolehubah yang (i) fixed:.................................................................................................................... dimalarkan (ii) manipulated:......................................................................................................... dimanipulasikan (iii) responding: .......................................................................................................... bergerak balas 25abadi@RJ2012
26. 26. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on Table 3, draw a graph of the volume of gas against time.Volume of Berdasarkan Jadual 3, lukiskan graf isipadu gas melawan masa. 3gas /cm 40Isipadu gas /cm3 35 30 25 20 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 Time / minute Masa / minit c) What is the relationship between the volume of gas given off and the reaction time in the first two minutes? Apakah hubungan antara isipadu gas yang terhasil dengan masa tindak balas bagi dua minit pertama? ........................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................ 26 abadi@RJ2012
27. 27. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM d) Predict the volume of gas collected at the seven minute. Ramalkan isipadu gas yang terhasil pada minit yang ketujuh. .........................................................................................................................................4 Diagram 4 shows an experiment to study the reaction of magnesium with dilute hydrochloric acid. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindak balas logam magnesium dengan asid hidroklorik cair. Dilute hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik cair Gas Magnesium Magnesium Water Air Diagram 4 Rajah 4 The volume of gas collected is recorded every minute for five minutes. Table 4 shows the results of the experiment. Isipadu gas yang dikumpul direkod setiap minit dalam masa lima minit. Jadual 4 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen. Time (minutes) Masa (minit) 0 1 2 3 4 5 Volume of gas collected (cm3) Isipadu gas (cm3) 0 4 8 ...... 13 13 Table 4 Jadual 4 a) Based on the reading of measuring cylinder in Diagram 4, complete Table 4. Berdasarkan bacaan silinder penyukat dalam Rajah 4, lengkapkan Jadual 4. 27abadi@RJ2012
28. 28. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on Table 4, draw a graph of the volume of gas against time.Volume of Berdasarkan Jadual 4, lukiskan graf isipadu gas melawan masa. 3gas /cmIsipadu gas /cm3 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 Time / minute Masa / minit c) State the relationship between volume of gas collected and time in the first two miniutes. Nyatakan hubungan antara isipadu gas terkumpul dan masa dalam dua minit pertama. ........................................................................................................................................ d) Predict the volume of gas collected at the six minute. Ramalkan isipadu gas yang terhasil pada minit yang keenam. ......................................................................................................................................... 28 abadi@RJ2012
29. 29. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM5 Diagram 5 shows an experiment to study the reaction of calcium with water. Rajah 5 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindak balas logam kalsium dengan air. Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukat Gas Gas Gas Water Air Magnesium Magnesium Diagram 5 Rajah 5 The volume of gas collected is recorded every two minutes are recorded in Table 5. Isipadu gas yang dikumpul direkod setiap dua minit direkodkan dalam Jadual 5. Time (minutes) Masa (minit) 2 4 6 8 10 12 Volume of gas collected (cm3) Isipadu gas (cm3) 7.5 12.0 ......... 21 23 23 Table 5 Jadual 5 a) Based on the reading of measuring cylinder in Diagram 5, complete Table 5. Berdasarkan bacaan silinder penyukat dalam Rajah 5, lengkapkan Jadual 5. 29abadi@RJ2012
30. 30. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on Table 5, draw a graph of the volume of gas against time.Volume of Berdasarkan Jadual 5, lukiskan graf isipadu gas melawan masa. 3gas /cmIsipadu gas /cm3 30 25 20 15 10 5 2 4 6 8 10 12 Time / minute Masa / minit c) State the relationship between volume of gas collected and time in the first two miniutes. Nyatakan hubungan antara isipadu gas terkumpul dan masa dalam dua minit pertama. ........................................................................................................................................ d) Predict the volume of gas collected at the 14th minute. Ramalkan isipadu gas yang terhasil pada minit yang ke-14. ......................................................................................................................................... e) Tick (√) in the boxes in Table 5.2 the substance which can be used to replace magnesium in this experiment. Tandakan (√) dalam kotak disediakan seperti dalam Jadual5.2 bagi bahan yang dapat menggantikan magnesium dalam eksperimen ini. Iron Carbon Sulphur Zinc Besi Karbon Sulfur Zink 30 abadi@RJ2012
31. 31. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM6 Diagram 6 shows an experiment to study the reactivity of metals with oxygen. Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kereaktifan logam dengan oksigen. Glass wool Wul kaca Metal fillings Potassium manganate (VII) Serbuk logam Kalium manganat (VII) Heat Heat Panaskan Panaskan Diagram 6 Rajah 6 Three types of metals X, Y and Z are used and the results are shown in Table 6. Tiga jenis logam iaitu X, Y, dan Z telah digunakan dan keputusan ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 2. Metal Observation Logam Pemerhatian P Burns with bright light Terbakar dengan nyalaan terang Q Glows dimly Membara dengan malap R Burns moderately Terbakar sederhana Table 6/ Jadual 6 a) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... b) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 31abadi@RJ2012
32. 32. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM c) State the following variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah berikut dalam eksperimen ini. i) Manipulated variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. ii) Responding variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. iii) Constant variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. d) Based on the result in Table 6, arrange the reactivity of the metals in ascending order. Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 6, susun kereaktifan logam tersebut dalam urutan menaik. ......................................................................................................................................... e) If the metal used in this experiment are magnesium, zinc and iron, predict metal R. Jika logam-logam yang digunakan di dalam eksperimen ini adalah magnesium, zink dan besi, ramalkan logam R. ......................................................................................................................................... 32abadi@RJ2012
33. 33. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPMChapter 4: Motion1 Diagram 1.1 and Diagram 1.2 show the experiment to study the collision between with different velocity. Rajah 1.1 dan Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji perlanggaran antara troli berlainan halaju. Wooden block Diagram 1.1 Block displacement Bongkah kayu Rajah 1.1 Anjakan bongkah Before collison Sebelum perlanggaran After collision Selepas perlanggaran Diagram 1.2 Rajah 1.2 a) State the observation based on the result of the experiment. Nyatakan pemerhatian berdasarkan hasil eksperimen tersebut. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... b) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 33abadi@RJ2012
34. 34. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM c) State the following variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah berikut dalam eksperimen ini. i) Manipulated variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. ii) Responding variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. iii) Constant variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. d) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Tuliskan satu hipotesis yang sesuai untuk eksperimen ini. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... e) State the operational definition of momentum. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi momentum. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... f) Mark (√) the objects which apply the concept of momentum. Tandakan (√) objek yang mengaplikasikan konsep momentum. 34abadi@RJ2012
35. 35. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 2 Diagram 2 shows a ticker tape that has been obtained from the movement of a trolley on a tilted platform. The trolley took 8 seconds to go from the top to the bottom of the platform. Rajah 2 menunjukkan pita detik yang diperoleh daripada gerakan sebuah troli yang menuruni landasan condong. Troli itu mengambil masa 8 saat untuk turun daripada atas landasan ke bawah landasan itu. Strip 1 Strip 2 Strip 3 Strip 4 Strip 5 Jalur 1 Jalur 2 Jalur 3 Jalur 4 Jalur 5 ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diagram 2 Rajah 2 Table 1 shows information about the ticker tape in Diagram 2. Jadual 1menunjukkan maklumat tentang keratan pita detik dalam Rajah 2. Section of the ticker tape Keratan pita detik 1 2 3 4 5 Length of section / cm Panjang /cm Table 1 Jadual 1 a) Measure the length of section 3 of the ticker tape and record it into Table 1. Ukur panjang Keratan 3 pita detik itu dan catatkan dalam Jadual 1. Length = ................................ cm Panjang 35abadi@RJ2012
36. 36. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM b) Based on Table 1, draw a bar chart on the graph paper below. Berdasarkan Jadual 1, lukis carta bar pada kertas graf di bawah.Length ofstripe/cmPanjang 1.2jalur /cm 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 1 2 3 4 5 Strip Jalur b) Using your bar chart in (b), Dengan menggunakan carta bar anda di (b), i) state the type of movement made by the trolley. nyatakan jenis gerakan troli ini. .......................................................................................................................... ii) predict the length of section 6 that is also represents a 1 second interval. ramalkan ukuran keratan pita detik ke-6 yang juga mewakili jarak waktu 1 saat. ........................................................................................................................... 36 abadi@RJ2012
37. 37. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 3 Diagram 3.1 shows the experiment conducted to study the inertia of an object. Both cans are swing from the same height. After three swings, the can is stopped with the palm. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji inersia sesuatu objek. Kedua-dua tin diayunkan dari ketinggian yang sama. Selepas tiga ayunan, tin diberhentikan dengan menggunakan tapak tangan. Rope Rope Tali Tali Can filled with glass marble Tin yang berisi guli kaca Empty can Tin kosong Diagram 3.1 Rajah 3.1 a) Write one suitable hypothesis for this experiment. Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini. .................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................. b) State the following variables in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah berikut dalam eksperimen ini. i) Manipulated variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. ii) Responding variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. iii) Constant variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. 37abadi@RJ2012
38. 38. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM c) Predict the degree of difficulty for the can stop, if the glass marble is replaced by steel marbles. Ramalkan tahap kesukaran tin itu berhenti, jika guli kaca digantikan dengan guli keluli. ...................................................................................................................................... d) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... e) State the operational definition of inertia. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi inersia. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... f) What is the spring balance reading when steel balls in the can are weighed as shown in Diagram 3.2? Apakah bacaan pada neraca spring jika tin yang berisi bebola keluli ditimbang seperti Rajah 3.2? Spring balance Neraca spring Can filled with steel balls Tin yang berisi bebola keluli Reading of spring balance Bacaan pada neraca spring .............................N 38abadi@RJ2012
39. 39. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM 4 Diagram 4 shows an experiment to study the realtionship between mass of an object and the inertia. All obejcts are swing and the time taken for the objects to stop oscillations is recorded. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara jisim objek dengan inersia. Semua objek dihayun dan masa diambil untuk objek berhenti berayun dicatatkan. Wooden block A Wooden block B Wooden block C Bongkah kayu A Bongkah kayu B Bongkah kayu C Diagram 4 Rajah 4 Table 2 shows the result of the experiment. Jadual 2 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen tersebut. Mass of object / g Time taken to stop oscillation/ minutes Jisim objek / g Masa diambil untuk berhenti berayun/ minit 200 5.0 400 10.0 600 15.0 Table 2 Jadual 2 39abadi@RJ2012
40. 40. Module Mekar- Section A Science 1511 SPM a) i) State the observation based on the result of the experiment. Nyatakan pemerhatian berdasarkan hasil eksperimen tersebut. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ii) Write down one inference based on the results of this experiment. Tuliskan satu inferens berdasarkan keputusan eksperimen ini. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... b) State the variable in this experiment Nyatakan pembolehubah dalam eksperimen ini i) Manipulated variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. ii) Responding variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. iii) Constant variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasi ................................................................................................................................. c) What is the relationship between the mass of an object and the inertia? Apakah hubungan antara jisim objek and inersia? .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. d) State the operational definition of inertia. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi inersia. ......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... 40abadi@RJ2012