How can the youth seen as a collective identity?David SnowAlthough there is no consensual definition of collective identity, discussions of the concept suggests that its essence resides in a shared sense of ‘one-ness’ or ‘we-ness’.
Shared Experiences• Adolescence- physically and emotionally maturing• School/Education• Finding Work• Experimentation-drugs, culture, crime• Creating an identity that isnt created by school/parents/authority
Youth Representation• Historically representations of teenagers have been varied in the media but especially more within recent years teenagers have been represented more negatively.
Youth Representation• In the past teenagers were represented as obedient, conforming young people who were un-sexualized and unsusceptible to the negatives of the world.
Youth Representation.• Media texts such as ‘Good Manners’ 1930 and ‘The young Ones’ 1961 can be noted to have a positive representation of youth.• However, negative representations of youth is not a new thing.
Youth representation• 1945-60 Birth of the Teen• 1960s-Mods and Rockers-two conflicting British youth subcultures• 1960s negative stereotypes of youth• Example film ‘Quadrophenia‘ 1979-set in 1965- follows the story of a London Mod.
Giroux 1997 Youth as empty category• Representations of youth vary through the generations.• The way in which representations are chosen is through the current fears of society at that time, what is perceived to be threatening to them (society).• Youth threaten the structures of dominant ideologies. Youth representations are filled through the interests of the adult world.
Today• Youth can be argued to be a social problem which is often represented in TV and Film today.• Youth representations today can be argued to continue the negative stereotype of the 60s.• However, the change in youth social identity has also had a impact in the change of media representation.
Today• Youth can be represented in accordance with popular notions of adolescence- mood swings, risky behaviour, rebellious, argumentative, etc.• Youth are let down by adults- Parents not being around, spending too much time with peers, etc.• Youth represented as part of a subculture- Gangs
Class ActivityReferring to E20 and The Inbetweeners discuss:• How teenagers are represented·• How they talk to each other·• Their costume & how they dress·• What storylines/situations they are involved in• whether it was a positive or negative representation
Essay Plan• Answer Prompt Question One• Introduction:• Comment on the power of the media• Quote on identity• Explain your approach-which media you are using e.g. film/TV
Essay Plan• Main Body• Compare how British Youth are represented through film and TV texts.• Briefly refer to historical changes to get the point across.• Explain in turn making links where necessary the ideologies presented in the texts.• Discuss representation via referring to the micro areas.• Bring in terminology (e.g. stereotypes) and how theory/theorists either support or do not support your examples wherever possible)
Essay PlanConclusion• Summaries findings:• future• own perspective