Table of Contents               A Few Words from Växa’s President ........................... 2               Stanley D. H...
A Few Words from                     Växa’s President…As President of Växa International, it is with great pleasure that w...
Stanley D. Headley M.D., N. D.               Chief Medical OfficerStanley D. Headley, M.D., N. D., the Chief Medical Officer...
Stanley D. Headley M.D., N. D.                      Chief Medical Officersuccess in particular for patients with autoimmun...
CHAPTER 1                         Introduction                          & OverviewWelcome to Växa’s Guide to Attention Def...
Introduction & OverviewYou will be aware of all the varieties of ADD/ADHD, each carryingtheir respective symptoms, causes ...
CHAPTER 2                     ADD/ADHD:                  Definitions & CausesIn order to obtain an accurate diagnosis for y...
ADD/ADHD: Definitions & Causesbut insufficient for attentiveness, ADD results. If too activated, anindividual can become o...
ADD/ADHD: Definitions & Causesaddition to methods of treatment are also widely believed to have asignificant impact on a c...
CHAPTER 3                           Types of                          ADD/ADHDThe fact that ADD/ADHD is a neurological iss...
Types of ADD/ADHDADHD. These criteria fall into Sections A or B.If your child meets the criteria within Section A for a pe...
Types of ADD/ADHD     7. Often loses things needed for tasks and activities.     8. Often easily distracted.     9. Often ...
Types of ADD/ADHDIt is worth noting that it is relatively common for ADD/ADHD onsetto come hand in hand with other neurolo...
CHAPTER 4                      Distinguishing                     Fact from FictionThe development of widely believed myth...
Distinguishing Fact from Fictionwith ADD/ADHD that do not take medication far outweighs thosewho have been diagnosed and s...
Distinguishing Fact from Fiction8. Fiction: Prescribed medication for ADD/ADHD is dangerousand highly addictive.Fact: Ther...
CHAPTER 5                   How do ADD/ADHD                      Kids Learn?The classroom is often the place where the sym...
How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn?Characteristics of a “right-, left-, or whole-brained” individual Left                   Whole ...
How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn?Now that you have a better understanding of your child’s learningprocesses, you now have the to...
CHAPTER 6              Learning Techniques for a               Child with ADD/ADHDThe entire academic experience of a chil...
Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHD     to aid your child in their attempt to mentally visualize particular     ...
Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHDEnsuring that your child’s teachers are providing the correct classroomenviro...
CHAPTER 7                     Parenting a Child                     with ADD/ADHDFirst and foremost, a child with ADD/ADHD...
Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD     • In Chapter 6 we discussed learning techniques for the ADD/     ADHD child in school....
Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD     • Ensure that the system you develop is kept simple and that     relevance is clear. T...
CHAPTER 8             Pharmaceutical Treatments                  for ADD/ADHDFor the purpose of this chapter, we will focu...
Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHD   • Facilitate motivation   • Increase attention span and facilitate learning   • I...
Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHDSide effects such as irritability or moodiness can be an indication thatthe medicati...
CHAPTER 9                Alternative Treatments                    for ADD/ADHDRecent press coverage regarding conventiona...
Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHD    Pregnenolone is also known as the “memory hormone” and can be    effective in reduc...
Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHDAgain, the use of these alternative treatments and therapies can yieldpositive results ...
CHAPTER 10                              Diet                           & ExerciseToday’s medically advanced world has caus...
Diet & Exercise     2. Try to avoid almonds, currants, plums, prunes, apples     (including cider), gooseberries, raspberr...
Diet & ExerciseIt is recommended that you engage your child in at least 30-45minutes of exercise at least 5 times a week. ...
CHAPTER 11                        ADD/ADHD                       Success StoriesIt is common for parents to despair when t...
ADD/ADHD Success Stories“Because I have a tendency to wander, I never spent much time inmy office. My job was going store ...
CHAPTER 12                       In Summary…The undertaking of research into your child’s ADD/ADHD can beoverwhelming and ...
In Summary...     • Should pharmaceutical medication become absolutely     necessary, educate yourself on all the effects ...
ReferencesAmen, Daniel G., M.D. Healing ADD - The Breakthrough ProgramThat Allows You to See and Heal the 6 Types of ADD, ...
IndexAdderall ...................................26 Methylphenidate ......................26Allergies........................
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  1. 1. Table of Contents A Few Words from Växa’s President ........................... 2 Stanley D. Headley M.D., N.D ..................................... 3Chapter 1 Introduction & Overview ............................................... 5Chapter 2 ADD/ADHD Definitions & Causes ................................ 7Chapter 3 Types of ADD/ADHD .................................................. 10Chapter 4 Distinguishing Fact from Fiction ................................. 14Chapter 5 How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn? ............................... 17Chapter 6 Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHD ..... 20Chapter 7 Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD ............................ 23Chapter 8 Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHD .............. 26Chapter 9 Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHD ...................... 29Chapter 10 Diet & Exercise .......................................................... 32Chapter 11 ADD/ADHD Success Stories ..................................... 35Chapter 12 In Summary................................................................ 37 References................................................................. 39 Index .......................................................................... 40A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 1
  2. 2. A Few Words from Växa’s President…As President of Växa International, it is with great pleasure that webring you Växa’s Practical Guide to ADD/ADHD.We are extremely fortunate to have Stanley D. Headley M.D., N.D.as Växa’s Chief Medical Officer. The production of this guide wasmade possible by Dr. Headley’s breadth of knowledge and expertise,in addition to his ability to present complex ideas and subject matterin a concise and user-friendly format.The overabundance of conflicting information regarding ADD/ADHDcan make parents feel overwhelmed and leave them feeling moreconfused. This concise yet comprehensive guide was developedwith this in mind. Within this guide, you will find all the informationyou need in order to help your child reach their full potential.Finally, ask about Växa’s Attend, a homeopathic medicinal forattention difficulties.Jake KevorkianPresidentVäxa International2 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  3. 3. Stanley D. Headley M.D., N. D. Chief Medical OfficerStanley D. Headley, M.D., N. D., the Chief Medical Officer of VäxaInternational, an Advanced Nutraceutical company headquartered inTampa, Florida, started his medical career in pharmaceutical sales,marketing and research. After seven years in the pharmaceuticalindustry, he decided to study to become the kind of physicianthat actually empowered his patients to be positive and proactivein maintaining their own health through a lifestyle orientedaround preventing disease rather than treating symptoms withpharmaceuticals.After receiving his Doctor of Medicine, Dr. Headley completedhis postgraduate training in Nebraska, and attained his Doctor ofNaturopathy in Arizona. Dr. Headley joined a Family Practicemedical center and after a few years, earned a much appreciatedreputation as a physician who not only listened to his patients, butalso was open to experiences, approaches, protocols, research,and partnerships with holistic practitioners. He was sought out forhis willingness to develop and implement flexible, transferable andeffective partnerships to expand traditional pathways of care.Stanley D. Headley, M.D., N.D., is recognized nationally as a visionaryin integrative wellness. A board-certified Naturopathic Physician andDoctor of Medicine, with nearly 20 years of clinical, research andmedical teaching experience, his career is a model for effectivepartnership between the best of conventional and complementarymedicines. Dr. Headley’s years of clinical experience have taught himthat life-threatening, chronic, or acute illness can act as a catalyst forsignificant inner growth and change and therefore open up patientsto seek options for proactive change. He also understands that one’shealth can improve only when we decide to re-think much of what wethink we know about the human body and the unity of our minds,emotions, spirits, and physical bodies.Over the course of 3 years, his medical teaching and operationstraining helped his clients to increase patient satisfaction ratings by83% and treatment effectiveness outcomes by 76.6%. His consultingteam worked with practices that started adding in complementarytherapies to treat acute and chronic conditions, documentingA Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 3
  4. 4. Stanley D. Headley M.D., N. D. Chief Medical Officersuccess in particular for patients with autoimmune disorders, heartdisease, cancer, diabetes, arthritis, fibromyalgia and hormone relatedimbalances.Also experienced in FDA clinical trial development, Dr. Headley useshis expertise to design and lead evidence-based trials for naturalmedicines. Dr. Headley lectures at conferences, expos, teachinghospitals, clinics, health food stores, on radio and TV about naturaland complementary approaches to the major health concerns facingus today.As Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Headley continues his life mission ofassisting others with achieving optimal wellness through natural andlife affirming ways. At Växa International, his primary role includes: • Educating other physicians, complementary medical practitioners and community members about Växa • Providing in depth support for practitioners and physicians • Providing guideance for implementing comprehensive programs to continuously improve products • Presenting community health information programs • Participating in meetings of professional societies and clinics • Disseminating professional information on new medical concepts, procedures, and techniques affecting Växa’s product lineDr. Headley continues a tradition of leadership and professionalismwith a company focused on “Bringing Goodness to the World”.4 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1 Introduction & OverviewWelcome to Växa’s Guide to Attention Deficit Disorder/AttentionDeficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD).Understanding ADD/ADHD, in addition to finding safe and effectivetreatment, can be a daunting quest due to the wealth of conflictinginformation that is available to us, as well as the variety of differingviewpoints and solutions.Many of us are under the impression that ADD/ADHD is a phenomenonthat solely affects our children. While the main focus of this guide isplaced upon the relationship between ADD/ADHD and children, it isimportant to take into consideration that childhood ADD/ADHD canremain with an individual well into adulthood.According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), ADHDaffects approximately 3-5 percent of American children. To put this inperspective, this means that at least one child is likely to have ADHDout of an average class size of 25-30 children.In order to understand ADD/ADHD, it is important to be aware of thefact that the nature of the human neurological system is complex,and varies wildly from person to person. It experiences constantdevelopment and change throughout the span of our life cycles, andis continuously influenced by factors such as genetic disposition andenvironmental variables.By reading this guide, you will have a much clearer understandingof your child’s ADD/ADHD by being aware of the fact that thereare several varieties of this particular neurological condition, and aplethora of viable treatment options and coping mechanisms.This guide will eliminate any misunderstanding pertaining to theactual definition of ADD/ADHD and its causes. This is achievedby providing you with a definition that is widely accepted within themedical community, in addition to providing you with a thoroughoutline of all possible causes of ADD/ADHD.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 5
  6. 6. Introduction & OverviewYou will be aware of all the varieties of ADD/ADHD, each carryingtheir respective symptoms, causes and treatment methods. Thisis a subject of utmost importance as tailored treatment is the onlyeffective way to cope with ADD/ADHD. Mistaken avenues of treatmentcan severely hinder progress, and can in fact intensify your child’ssymptoms as well as encourage further negative behavior.This guide will effectively dispel any common myths andmisconceptions you may have in relation to ADD/ADHD. Thesemisconceptions can be hazardous as they prevent many parentsfrom seeking effective solutions for their children.School can be an extremely difficult time for a child with ADD/ADHD.This guide will educate you on the differences in learning processesbetween an ADD/ADHD child and a non-ADD/ADHD child, it willprovide helpful tips on optimizing their learning process, and you willbe aware of all the pressures they face both in the classroom andamongst their peers.Parenting an ADD/ADHD child can be a trying experience whenyou are not armed with all of the facts. This guide provides you withhelpful advice in the form of tried and tested methods of practicalparenting techniques and behavioral modification.Treatment for a child with ADD/ADHD will take the form of eitherpharmaceutical or alternative treatments, or perhaps a combinationof both. This guide will give you an outline of all of the options withineach category in order to facilitate the relationship between you andyour physician when deciding on an appropriate treatment methodfor your child.In today’s medically advanced world; we are all looking for the“quick fix” in the form of medication to alleviate our ailments. As analternative, this guide will provide you with effective lifestyle changesfor your child in the form of diet and exercise suggestions that cansubstantially alleviate your child’s ADD/ADHD symptoms.Last but certainly not least; this guide will make you realize thatADD/ADHD is by no means a hindrance to a child. When managedcorrectly, ADD/ADHD can actually facilitate elevated chances ofsuccess in comparison to the non-ADD/ADHD child.Use this guide, understand it, and take the first step in releasing theunlimited potential within your child!6 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  7. 7. CHAPTER 2 ADD/ADHD: Definitions & CausesIn order to obtain an accurate diagnosis for your child’s condition,an awareness of what ADD/ADHD actually is, and what causes it isimperative. This is easier said than done due to the fact that thereare many conflicting viewpoints in existence.There are several subcategories linked to this neurological condition,each carrying their own characteristics, symptoms and treatments.These subcategories will be discussed in greater depth in thefollowing chapter (Chapter 3: Types of ADD/ADHD).For now, we will focus on a broad definition of ADD/ADHD in order toprovide us with a solid starting point for further investigation.The definition for ADD most commonly accepted within the medicalcommunity is outlined in Merriam-Webster’s Medical Dictionary.The definition is as follows:Attention Deficit Disorder: A syndrome of disordered learning thatis not caused by any serious underlying physical or mental disorderand that has several subtypes characterized primarily by symptomsof inattentiveness or primarily by symptoms of hyperactivity andimpulsive behavior (as in speaking out of turn) or by the significantexpression of all three.Although it may be comforting to know that this behavioral conditionis not caused by any serious underlying disorder, if incorrectlymanaged, the repercussions could indeed be severe.It may seem like the terms ADD and ADHD are used when describingthe same thing. They are essentially the same condition, save forthe fact that ADHD incorporates the hyperactivity dimension often,but not always, associated with ADD.ADD/ADHD and all its subcategories are inextricably linked tothe Reticular Activating System, the center of consciousness thatcoordinates learning and memory, and which normally supplies thevariety of appropriate neural connections necessary for smoothinformation processing and clear, non-stressful attention. Whenstimulation within this neural system is sufficient for consciousnessA Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 7
  8. 8. ADD/ADHD: Definitions & Causesbut insufficient for attentiveness, ADD results. If too activated, anindividual can become over stimulated or hyperactive, often resultingin ADHD.Imbalances within the Reticular Activating System can be attributed toa variety of causes. While a single source could be held accountable,it is much more likely to stem from a combination of several.As a parent, it is perfectly natural to reflect upon your own child-rearing capabilities when your child is experiencing behavioralproblems. You will be pleased to hear that although parentingmethods can have an impact on existing cases of ADD/ADHD, theyare unlikely to be the root cause. According to the National Instituteof Mental Health, most peer reviewed scientific studies have foundneurobiology and genetic disposition to be the main contributors toADD/ADHD onset.Understanding the neurobiological causes can be difficult withoutpossessing a medical background. Visualizing the problem asneurological “hardware”, “software” and “wiring” deprivation cansimplify the concept.The “hardware” within the neurological system consists of thedevelopment of neural connections and the required neural densityneeded for efficient mental processing. When this is lacking, itsubsequently impacts neurotransmitter levels such as dopamineand norepinephrine i.e. the “software” required to turn the “hardware”on and off. “Hardware” deprivation also affects the communicationpathways within the neurological system (the “wiring”), making itdifficult to keep up with the demand for new neural connections withinthe Central Nervous System (CNS). Thus, demands for memory andthe management of information processing cannot be satisfied.There is mounting evidence attributing the onset of ADD/ADHD togenetic disposition. According to NIMH, “25 percent of the closerelatives in the families of ADHD children also have ADHD, whereasthe rate is about 5 percent in the general population.” The correlationis clear.While neurobiology and genetics may be the main causes of thedevelopment of ADD/ADHD, there are other possible contributingfactors that can influence or exacerbate the symptoms of thiscondition. Diet and exercise, teaching and parenting methods, in8 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  9. 9. ADD/ADHD: Definitions & Causesaddition to methods of treatment are also widely believed to have asignificant impact on a child with ADD/ADHD. These factors will bediscussed in more depth within their respective chapters.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 9
  10. 10. CHAPTER 3 Types of ADD/ADHDThe fact that ADD/ADHD is a neurological issue leaves it open tointerpretation and speculation. This directly results in confusion dueto difficulty in obtaining concrete and credible information.If your child has recently been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, the nextnatural step is to research the condition in order to fully understandit.Once you embark upon this research, you will notice a couple ofthings. Firstly, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish whether certainsources are reliable. Secondly, you will find a seemingly infinite listof ADD/ADHD types.For the sake of clarity and reliability, we shall use the types andcriteria outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,and the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and StatisticalManual-IV, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). The types and criteria are asfollows:Predominantly Inattentive Type: It is hard for the individual toorganize or finish a task, to pay attention to details, or to followinstructions or conversations. The person is easily distracted orforgets details pertaining to daily routines.Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: The tendency tofidget or talk a lot is prevalent. Younger children may run, jump orclimb constantly. Restlessness and impulsivity also factor heavily.This impulsivity is demonstrated through frequent interruption ofothers, snatching things from people, or speaking at inappropriatetimes.Combined Type: Symptoms of the aforementioned types are equallypredominant in the individual.Source: Centers for Disease Control and PreventionFor diagnosis purposes, the American Psychiatric Association’sDSM-IV-TR has outlined several criteria for all three types of ADD/10 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  11. 11. Types of ADD/ADHDADHD. These criteria fall into Sections A or B.If your child meets the criteria within Section A for a period of atleast 6 months, they are likely to be diagnosed with PredominantlyInattentive Type ADD/ADHD.If your child meets the criteria within Section B for a period of atleast 6 months, they are likely to be diagnosed with PredominantlyHyperactive-Impulsive Type ADD/ADHD.If your child meets the criteria in both Section A and Section B fora period of over 6 months, they are likely to be diagnosed withCombined Type ADD/ADHD.Please bear in mind that the criteria outlined in this chapter has beenmodified for ease of understanding. Always consult your physicianfor accurate diagnosis.Taken from the DSM-IV-TR, the criteria for Sections A and B are asfollows:Section A: Six or more of the following symptoms of inattentionhave been present for at least 6 months to a point that is disruptiveand inappropriate for developmental level:Inattention 1. Often does not give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities. 2. Often has trouble keeping attention on tasks or play activities. 3. Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. 4. Often does not follow instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties. 5. Often has trouble organizing activities. 6. Often avoids, dislikes, or does not want to do things that take a lot of mental effort for a long period of time, such as homework.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 11
  12. 12. Types of ADD/ADHD 7. Often loses things needed for tasks and activities. 8. Often easily distracted. 9. Often forgetful in daily activities.Section B: Six or more of the following symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have been present for at least 6 months to an extent thatit is disruptive and inappropriate for developmental level:Hyperactivity 1. Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in their seat. 2. Often gets up from their seat when remaining in their seat is expected. 3. Often runs about or climbs when and where it is not appropriate. 4. Often has trouble playing or enjoying leisure activities quietly. 5. Often “on the go” or often acts as if “driven by a motor”. 6. Often talks excessively.Impulsivity 1. Often blurts out answers before questions have been finished. 2. Often has trouble waiting their turn. 3. Often interrupts or intrudes on others.Should you suspect that you child is exhibiting characteristicsconsistent with Section A, Section B, or a combination of both, yourfamily physician, pediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist will beable to guide you further.12 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  13. 13. Types of ADD/ADHDIt is worth noting that it is relatively common for ADD/ADHD onsetto come hand in hand with other neurological disorders. Accordingto the National Institute for Mental Health, your child may becomesusceptible to learning disabilities, Tourette syndrome, oppositionaldefiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety, depression and bipolardisorder.Although there may not be any cause for further concern regardingyour child in particular, it is worth discussing all the possibilities withyour health care provider in order to ward off complications beforethey arise.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 13
  14. 14. CHAPTER 4 Distinguishing Fact from FictionThe development of widely believed myths and misconceptions isinevitable whenever subject matter is perceived to be obscure ordifficult to understand.These misconceptions can be particularly damaging within the arenaof neurological health. ADD/ADHD is no exception. Many parentsdismiss their child’s symptoms and do not seek necessary treatmentas a result of several common, yet erroneous beliefs. This not onlymeans that there is a greater chance of ADD/ADHD symptomsworsening, it also entails an increased possibility of the conditionprogressing into adulthood.There are a vast number of misconceptions regarding ADD/ADHD incirculation. In fact, entire books have been published solely on thismatter. For the purposes of this chapter, and to avoid overwhelmingyou, we shall dispel 10 of the most common misconceptions bycounteracting them with proven facts.1. Fiction: ADD/ADHD is not a medical condition.Fact: ADD/ADHD is a medical condition. Studies have continuouslyproven that ADD/ADHD is a direct result of neurotransmitterimbalances and deficiencies within the Reticular Activating System.It is as much a neurological condition as depression, bipolar disorderand anxiety. This is discussed in greater depth in Chapter 1.2. Fiction: Children “outgrow” ADD/ADHD.Fact: According to the National Resource Center on ADHD, studieshave consistently shown that 70-80 percent of children with ADD/ADHD continue to exhibit the symptoms associated with this conditioninto adulthood.3. Fiction: ADD/ADHD is over diagnosed.Fact: There is no credible evidence in existence to prove thisassertion. In fact, it has been found that the number of children14 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  15. 15. Distinguishing Fact from Fictionwith ADD/ADHD that do not take medication far outweighs thosewho have been diagnosed and subsequently placed on a course oftreatment.4. Fiction: ADD/ADHD can only be treated with prescribed med-ication.Fact: While prescribed medication can be an important part oftreatment for your child, it is much more effective when it is usedin conjunction with other methods such as behavioral therapy inaddition to tailored diet and exercise programs.Managing ADD/ADHD should be a team effort. Children are muchmore likely to achieve success if their parents, teachers and healthcare providers work together. This is discussed in greater depth inChapters 8, 9 and 10.5. Fiction: ADD/ADHD is a result of poor parenting.Fact: While it is natural to reflect upon your own parenting techniquesif your child is experiencing behavioral problems, your concerns arecompletely unfounded. While research has shown that parentingmethods have an effect on already present cases of ADD/ADHDthey are not the root cause. Studies have demonstrated that geneticdisposition and neurobiology are the main causes of ADD/ADHDonset. This is discussed in greater depth in Chapter 2.6. Fiction: ADD/ADHD predominantly affects boys.Fact: According to the Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Healthin 2001, the only reason behind the higher male to female ratio ofADD/ADHD sufferers is the fact that females are under diagnosedand less likely to receive treatment.7. Fiction: Children with ADD/ADHD always have problems pay-ing attention.Fact: This is untrue. There have been a number of cases wherechildren “hyper-focus”. In other words, they immerse themselvescompletely in a single activity and find it extremely difficult to shifttheir focus onto something else.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 15
  16. 16. Distinguishing Fact from Fiction8. Fiction: Prescribed medication for ADD/ADHD is dangerousand highly addictive.Fact: There are numerous prescribed medications that have thepotential to be dangerous and highly addictive if they are misused.Do not disregard potentially effective treatment on these grounds. Byworking in conjunction with your healthcare provider when examiningappropriate avenues of treatment, the chances of your child havingan adverse reaction to their medication is significantly lessened.9. Fiction: Children with ADD/ADHD are lazy – All they have todo is try harder.Fact: The reality is, “trying harder” is not always an option. Studieshave shown that the areas of the brain responsible for concentrationactually shut down when an attempt is made to focus on something.10. Fiction: ADD/ADHD is an American invention and is not asprevalent in other countries.Fact: Scientific research from a whole host of countries has notonly recognized ADD/ADHD as a medical condition, but it has alsofound that it exists in the same proportions as the United States. Forexample, research has shown that as much as 5 percent of schoolchildren in the United Kingdom are affected by ADD/ADHD.16 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  17. 17. CHAPTER 5 How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn?The classroom is often the place where the symptoms of a child withADD/ADHD are most highlighted. In fact, it is common for a child’sbehavior in the classroom to be the catalyst for preliminary concernsand suspicions of ADD/ADHD onset.This can be attributed to the fact that a child with ADD/ADHD isfruitlessly forced into fitting into an educational mold that does notallow them to follow their individual learning style. This inevitablyresults in frustration for you and your child, the exacerbation ofsymptoms, and an aversion to school and homework.By understanding the learning patterns of a typical child with ADD/ADHD, you will be taking a fundamental step in developing a tailorededucational program for your child. This will alleviate some of thescholastic pressure your child is experiencing by enabling themto keep up with their peers, therefore providing them with a morerewarding academic experience.The somewhat complex task of understanding human learningprocesses and styles can be simplified by picturing cerebral use as aleft to right side of the brain continuum.Individuals who predominantly utilize the right side of their brainsprocess information in much different ways to those who predominantlyutilize the left side of their brains.Studies have shown a distinct correlation between “right-brained”children and ADD/ADHD incidence.As you can clearly see from the following characteristics of those whouse the left, right, or both sides of the brain to assimilate information,the academic environment is geared towards those who utilize theleft side.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 17
  18. 18. How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn?Characteristics of a “right-, left-, or whole-brained” individual Left Whole Right • Highly logical • Can effectively • Very intuitive in thinkers. utilize both parts of nature. • Extremely the brain. • Memory recall analytical. • Capable of working consists of images • Avid note takers logically and rather than words. and list makers. creatively. • Demonstrates • Memory recall • Can lack the aversion towards consists of names organizational logical or linguistic and words rather superiority of the left- tasks. than images. brained individual. • Exhibits delayed • Prefer to follow • Can lack the level of assimilation of step-by-step creativity associated information while they instructions rather with right-brained convert words into than demonstrations. individuals. mental images. • Easy • Prefers to be taught understanding of through the use of spelling, grammar, demonstrations rather and punctuation. than step-by-step • Excel in tests and instructions. examinations under • Tend to undertake time constraints. several tasks • Thrive in simultaneously. environments where • Demonstrates there are rules and aversion to rules, procedures. procedures and • Comfortable with authority. the familiar and predictable. • Uncomfortable in crisis situations where they are required to be creative.Source: Right-Brained Children in a Left-Brained World, JeffreyFreed,M.A.T., and Laurie Parsons.This in no way means that all children who predominantly utilize theright side of their brain have ADD/ADHD. It simply means that if yourchild has been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, their learning styles arelikely to be consistent with those who follow that particular pattern ofcerebral use.18 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  19. 19. How do ADD/ADHD Kids Learn?Now that you have a better understanding of your child’s learningprocesses, you now have the tools to efficiently work with yourchild’s teachers in developing the correct scholastic environment foroptimum academic growth.The following chapter (Chapter 6) will provide you with useful tipsfor facilitating your child’s learning, as well as techniques that canenable them to cope with the pressures associated with school.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 19
  20. 20. CHAPTER 6 Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHDThe entire academic experience of a child with ADD/ADHD can betainted as a result of the numerous sources of pressure they areexposed to during the learning process. This pressure can comefrom high expectations at home, ineffective teaching techniques fromeducators and the feeling of isolation from their peers.Now that you can equate your child’s learning style to the characteristicsof an individual who predominantly utilizes the right side of the brainto assimilate information, you can convert your child’s learning stylefrom a perceived weakness into a real strength. It is also possible tosignificantly enhance and facilitate your child’s scholastic experienceby discussing these characteristics with their teachers to developtailored techniques to optimize your child’s learning.Your child’s academic program essentially consists of spelling, math,reading and writing. By using the following tips both at home and atschool, your child should be able to master the required skills in eacharea with more ease.Remember, your child’s method of processing information andmemory recall is likely to be in the form of images rather than themental cataloging of words. Therefore, ensure that you make yourchild’s learning experience in all four of the aforementioned areas asvisual as possible.It is also very important to be aware of the fact that your child’stendency to abandon projects or activities before completion is not aresult of lack of understanding. Task incompletion is a very commonbehavioral trait in children with ADD/ADHD, often entailing an innatefear of failure. Rather than risk the possibility of failing to meet theirown standards, as well as the standards of those around them, achild with ADD/ADHD may choose to not attempt certain tasks, dueto their perfectionist nature. It is for this reason that any unnecessarypressure must be removed, whether it is in the form of time constraintsfor task completion or unrealistically high expectations.The following is a list of practical steps both you and your child’seducators can take to facilitate learning: • When teaching your child spelling, replace traditional phonic teaching methods with more visual methods. Make use of color20 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  21. 21. Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHD to aid your child in their attempt to mentally visualize particular words. For example, when teaching them how to spell a word such as “telephone”, use a sheet of white paper and write te in blue, le in red, and phone in green. • When developing your child’s reading skills, refining their “speed-reading” techniques can produce promising results. “Speed-reading” entails training your child to scan reading material first in order to familiarize themselveswith the key concepts. This taps into the preference of a typical ADD/ADHD child or a “right-brained” individual to understand the “big picture”, as opposed to focusing on the finer details. Speed- reading allows your child to understand the grand scheme of things regarding a particular subject, making it much easier for them to maintain their interest when you encourage them to go back and grasp the details. • When learning basic mathematical concepts, the ADD/ADHD child can easily get overwhelmed and subsequently lose interest if they do not see the “big picture” or the immediate benefit of what they are learning. Resist the temptation to use step- by-step instructions as a teaching method. This simply does not work with a child with ADD/ADHD. Instead, try challenging them with more complex mathematical processes, this provides them with the “big picture” and demonstrates the importance of mastering preliminary mathematical concepts. • The tendency to visualize information in the form of images rather than words will often make writing one of the most challenging areas of your child’s academic experience. The development of writing skills often entails a certain degree of trial and error. Obviously this is a problem for the perfectionist ADD/ADHD child. The use of positive reinforcement is valuable here, ensuring that effort is rewarded as opposed to end results. Be sure to always validate your praise. Utilizing sweeping statements such as “you’re going to get an A+!” will place pressure on your child, taking you right back to square one.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 21
  22. 22. Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHDEnsuring that your child’s teachers are providing the correct classroomenvironment is of utmost importance. Arrange a meeting with themand make the following suggestions on behalf of your child: • Their teacher can combat hyperactivity, impulsivity and boredom in ADD/ADHD children by ensuring that all children in the classroom adhere to rules regarding their turn to speak in class. Ensure that tasks and assignments are kept varied. Teachers should use creative and innovative teaching methods to alleviate boredom and maintain interest. • Ensure that your child is seated in an area of the classroom (such as the front) where they are can fully engage themselves with the subject matter, yet where there are minimal distractions. • Request that assignments are kept brief, yet still cover all the essentials. • Suggest that they frequently ask your child questions during class to maintain their focus. • Request that time-constraints be lifted during tests. It is more important that your child focuses on the subject matter, rather than the pressure of finishing a task during a specific timeframe. • Ensure that your child is fully integrated with their classmates in the form of group activities and projects to avoid the feeling of isolation that ADD/ADHD often brings. • Request the maintenance of a daily planner for your child, in addition to regular meetings with their teachers throughout the school year in order to monitor and encourage progress.Lastly, the importance of tutoring at home cannot be stressedenough. ADD/ADHD affects your child both inside and outside ofschool, twenty-four hours a day. Your understanding and utilizationof the aforementioned techniques while working with your childduring activities such as homework will significantly enhance theiracademic progress.22 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  23. 23. CHAPTER 7 Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHDFirst and foremost, a child with ADD/ADHD is by no means an indicationof bad parenting. It is this mentality that prevents many parents fromseeking much needed help for their child. As discussed in greaterdetail in Chapter 2, scientific studies have consistently demonstratedthat ADD/ADHD is caused by neurobiological inconsistencies andgenetic predisposition. While parenting techniques are an integralpart of ADD/ADHD management, they are not a cause.Before even considering a revision of your parenting techniquesor adopting new ones entirely, you must ensure that you are in thecorrect mindset to bring out the greatest potential in your ADD/ADHDchild.You must really believe that your child’s condition is a source ofunlimited potential as opposed to an ongoing hindrance that you mustconstantly be in combat with. If your perception of ADD/ADHD is anegative one, your child is sure to follow suit. Children are renownedfor being human versions of sponges. They absorb and react toeverything in their environment. As their primary role model, you arean integral part of this environment.As a parent, it may seem like much of your role centers arounddeveloping efficient discipline techniques. Remember, as each childis different, tailored methods of discipline need to be applied to allchildren, regardless of whether they have ADD/ADHD.By using the following advice when constructing methods of discipliningyour child, you will be taking a significant step in encouraging yourchild’s potential, which directly results in gaining a much happier andmore stable child.Disciplinary Tactics • Balanced measures of discipline are more likely to promote balanced behavior in a child with ADD/ADHD. Children with ADD/ADHD are prone to feelings of panic and anxiety when confronted with unexpected situations or disciplinary measures that seem unjust. This can be avoided by ensuring that you remain fair, unwavering and impartial in these measures.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 23
  24. 24. Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD • In Chapter 6 we discussed learning techniques for the ADD/ ADHD child in school. One of the main points was to maximize your child’s ability to visualize information and concepts. This technique can also be extremely effective when disciplining your child. By encouraging your child to visualize the consequences of their actions, they are more likely to see the relevance and fairness of your actions. Remember, the ADD/ADHD child is not likely to pay attention if they cannot see the “big picture”. Consequence visualization is an effective measure that enables them to do this. • It is common to see parents disciplining their child in public when they are behaving inappropriately. Resist the temptation to do this with your ADD/ADHD child, as the results can be devastating due to their innate fear of failure and humiliation. Removing them from public observers and rationalizing with them is much more likely to produce the desired effect. • Children with ADD/ADHD tend to experience problems with forgetfulness. Instead of reprimanding your child when they forget something, or displaying feelings of frustration towards them, encourage them to write everything down and visualize things they need to remember. You must also ensure that efforts to remember as well as the achievement of remembering things are equally rewarded in order to avoid feelings of failure.Now that you have a firm understanding of these core disciplinarytactics, you are now in the position to develop a suitable behaviormodification system for your child.Please bear in mind that the following sample behavior modificationsystem is a general outline to be used solely for guideance purposes.You must consult your child’s healthcare provider for optimum resultsand tailored treatment.Sample Behavior Modification System • Clearly establish exactly what kind of behavior you are expecting from your child. This could include tidying their room, completion of homework, controlling their temptation to speak out of turn, or any other task or behavior you think is important.24 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  25. 25. Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD • Ensure that the system you develop is kept simple and that relevance is clear. The typical ADD/ADHD child is likely to lose interest rapidly if they find it overly complicated or if they do not see any immediate benefits. • Try and maintain your child’s interest in the system by allowing them to have some input. For example, let them decide how they want to organize their toys when they are tidying their room. • Build a motivating reward system by keeping a tally of your child’s positive behavior in the form of points or chips. This gives your child a feeling of accomplishment as they accumulate points or chips to reach targets and reap rewards. • Make use of this system until the desired behavior is established then gradually diminish its use over 3-4 weeks.Although parenting a child with ADD/ADHD can be complicated andfrustrating at times, it can also be extremely rewarding. Seeing yourchild overcome their difficulties, realize their full potential and havethe ability to surpass their peers is nothing short of an outstandingachievement on their part as well as yours.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 25
  26. 26. CHAPTER 8 Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHDFor the purpose of this chapter, we will focus on pharmaceuticaltreatments for ADD/ADHD. Chapter 9 will focus on alternativetreatments such as supplements and counseling. Although we arediscussing each option individually, some children may prosper whenusing a combination of pharmaceutical and alternative treatmentmethods.Once your child has been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, deciding onthe correct course of treatment is the most critical, yet often the mostdifficult task.Before we assess each avenue of treatment individually, it is importantto be aware of an important fact. Your child’s condition can be asunique as your child. Therefore, while one treatment method may bethe perfect solution for one child, it may in fact cause another child’scondition to deteriorate.The only way to avoid ineffective treatment is to ensure that yourchild’s healthcare provider conducts a thorough mental and physicalevaluation in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis and to tailor theirtreatment to specific needs.If pharmaceutical treatment is to be incorporated into your child’streatment regimen, their physician is likely to recommend a course ofstimulants. While there is an array of prescribed medication availableas options, the three most commonly prescribed varieties are: • Methylphenidate (commonly sold as Ritalin) • Amphetamine (commonly sold as Adderall) • Pemoline (commonly sold as Cylert)While these medications all carry individual benefits and side effects,they also carry several common goals, in addition to some commonrisks.The common objectives of the aforementioned medications are to: • Diminish distractibility • Diminish hyperactivity • Diminish impulsiveness26 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  27. 27. Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHD • Facilitate motivation • Increase attention span and facilitate learning • Improve the child’s overall functioning in all facets of their life (school, home etc.)Placing your child on a course of pharmaceutical treatment can leavethem susceptible to several documented serious side-effects. Theseinclude: • Cardiovascular disease • Suicidal tendencies • Hallucinations • Impaired growth developmentModerate side-effects include: • Loss of appetite • Insomnia • Headaches or stomachaches • Irritability, moodiness or emotional upsetsLess common side effects include: • Tics • Rapid pulse or increased blood pressure • The development of nervous habits such as picking at the skin.If it is absolutely necessary to place your child on prescriptionmedication, there are several measures you can take in order toalleviate the side effects.If your child is experiencing a loss of appetite, try to administermedications after meals instead of before them. Nutritionalsupplements are also an effective way of ensuring that your child isconsuming all the essential nutrients.If your child is having trouble falling asleep, ask your physician if it isa feasible option to lower the dose of medication later in the day.Ensuring that your child takes their medication with food can alleviateside effects such as headaches or stomachaches.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 27
  28. 28. Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHDSide effects such as irritability or moodiness can be an indication thatthe medication is not suitable for your child. Therefore, you shouldconsult your child’s physician in order to revise the dosage or typeof medication.The decision to place your child on a course of prescription medicationshould not be taken lightly. It is easy to view pharmaceuticaltreatments as a “quick fix” to ADD/ADHD, but this is not the case.These medications will affect your child’s life socially, academicallyand emotionally. Therefore it is necessary for your child, your familyand your healthcare provider to work together to determine the bestcourse of treatment for your child’s ADD/ADHD.Negative press coverage and warnings from the FDA pertaining tocertain medications and their relationship to adverse side effectssuch as increased suicidal tendencies has caused a great deal ofalarm amongst parents. While this can be favorable in the sensethat it encourages parents to thoroughly research treatment choicesfor their child, it can also prevent a child from receiving the necessarytreatment for their condition.While pharmaceutical treatments are a viable option, it is importantto understand that it is not the only option. There are many otheroptions that you can incorporate into your child’s treatment regime.These will be discussed in further detail in the next chapter.28 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  29. 29. CHAPTER 9 Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHDRecent press coverage regarding conventional pharmaceuticaltreatment has caused alarm amongst parents, and has causedthem to seek alternative treatments for their child’s ADD/ADHD.These treatments are discussed in greater detail in Chapter 8:Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHD.While many of these alternative treatments can be extremelyeffective for alleviating the symptoms of ADD/ADHD, it is vital thatyou consult your physician before taking any course of action on yourchild’s behalf. Remember, your child is more likely to benefit froma combination of therapies and treatments, therefore your physiciancan advise you on which blend will achieve optimum results.The following treatment methods are commonly used as an alternativeor as an addition to conventional pharmaceutical drug therapy.Supplements:The use of supplements and certain natural ingredients have beendocumented to have a positive effect on children with ADD/ADHD bynumerous scientific studies.The inclusion of the following natural ingredients in supplementaltherapy has the potential to significantly reduce ADD/ADHDsymptoms in your child, facilitate the lowering of pharmaceuticalmedication dosage, or even eliminate their use altogether. This listis by no means exhaustive; it is simply a list of the major ingredientscontained within effective supplements.Essential amino acids promote the production of variousneurotransmitters critically needed for optimum functioning ofthe brain. Children with ADD/ADHD often have deficiencies orimbalances of these neurotransmitters.Fatty acids are used by the body to maintain and promote the buildingof neural pathways. Fatty acids are especially beneficial to thosewho find it difficult to sustain attention.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 29
  30. 30. Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHD Pregnenolone is also known as the “memory hormone” and can be effective in reducing the forgetfulness often associated with ADD/ ADHD by enhancing short- and long-term memory function. Ginkgo Biloba is an anti-oxidant for the brain that improves memory by increasing oxygen and circulation to the brain. Studies have demonstrated that it can improve memory, focus and energy. Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major neural balancer that enhances sustained concentration and ability to focus. It also acts as an anti-anxiety agent. NADH and Phosphatidyl Complex provides energy to the brain in order to support and promote memory and learning functions.{ Note: All of the ingredients outlined above are part of Växa’s Attend formulation for attention difficulties. } Biofeedback: This involves the use of a machine that monitors bodily functions such as pulse rate, breathing rate and muscle tension. The aim is to teach the child how to focus and relax, thereby alleviating some of the symptoms of ADD/ADHD. While there have been some positive reports pertaining to biofeedback, the effectiveness of this method is still under heavy debate; therefore it should not be used as a sole treatment method for your child. Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Psychotherapy can be used to enable your child to understand and accept their condition, thereby reducing a lot of the confusion and feelings of isolation a child with ADD/ADHD often experiences. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can encourage your child to consider their motivation and consequences before they act. This type of therapy can be especially useful in children whose condition involves high levels of impulsivity and hyperactivity. There are many other methods in existence that are used to treat ADD/ ADHD; these treatments are the most commonly utilized alternatives or additions to conventional treatment. Diet and exercise alterations and techniques have also been proven to be extremely effective, this is discussed in further detail in Chapter 10: Diet & Exercise. 30 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  31. 31. Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHDAgain, the use of these alternative treatments and therapies can yieldpositive results when used individually, but are more likely to havesynergistic effects when used in tailored combinations. This wasclearly demonstrated in The Multimodal Treatment Study of Childrenwith Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder carried out by the NationalInstitute of Mental Health, which showed that combination therapy ismore likely to achieve optimum results in children with ADD/ADHD.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 31
  32. 32. CHAPTER 10 Diet & ExerciseToday’s medically advanced world has caused many of us, includingparents, to find the quickest and easiest solutions to our healthconcerns and those of our children. A great number of us simply self-diagnose and choose from the array of over-the-counter medication atpharmacies, or go to our physicians in the hope that they will providethe perfect solution to our ailments in the form of pharmaceuticalmedication.Parents with ADD/ADHD children are no exception to this rule. Manyparents do not realize that adjustments to their child’s lifestyle inthe form of diet and exercise modifications can significantly reducethe amount of medication their child requires by diminishing theirsymptoms. Studies have consistently shown that dietary andexercise amendments play an important role in any coping strategydesigned for a child with ADD/ADHD.Please bear in mind that your child’s healthcare provider is in thebest position to determine effective treatment methods for yourchild’s ADD/ADHD. Use the following advice regarding diet andexercise as a guide and as material to discuss in further detail withtheir physician.DietA child with ADD/ADHD is likely to have differing dietary needs tothose of a child who does not have this condition. It is commonlybelieved amongst those in the medical arena that certain foods andingredients can have detrimental effects on an ADD/ADHD child,worsening their symptoms and therefore making treatment moredifficult. The opposite is also true; there are certain ingredients thatcan potentially alleviate the symptoms of ADD/ADHD.In the 1970s, pediatrician Benjamin Feingold, M.D., establishedwhat is known today as The Feingold Diet. This diet can be a usefulguideline in determining which foods and ingredients should beremoved from your child’s diet.The Feingold Diet 1. Do not consume foods that contain artificial colors and flavors.32 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  33. 33. Diet & Exercise 2. Try to avoid almonds, currants, plums, prunes, apples (including cider), gooseberries, raspberries, apricots, grapes, raisins, strawberries, blackberries, mint flavors, all tea, cherries, nectarines, tomatoes, cloves, oranges, cucumbers, pickles, and peaches. 3. Try to avoid aspirin containing compounds, medications with artificial colors or flavors, toothpastes containing artificial colors and flavors, and perfumes.In addition, you should also reduce the amount of simple carbohydratesand phosphates in your child’s diet by avoiding sugars, processed orrefined grains and carbonated beverages.The following foods and ingredients can alleviate your child’ssymptoms: • A healthy supply of fruits and vegetables not listed above. • A healthy supply of proteins. Proteins are an essential source of amino acids for the body. • Complex carbohydrates provide the body with valuable dietary fiber and are found in fruits, beans, vegetables and natural whole grains. • Cold-water fish such as herring, salmon and tuna are excellent sources of the essential fatty acid DHA. Children with ADD/ ADHD often share the common trait of having depleted levels of DHA.Your child’s behavior could also be attributed in part to certain foodallergies. In order to highlight any existing allergies, or to discountthis as an option, it is advisable to request a food allergy profile bloodtest from their physician, or place your child on an elimination diet todetermine which foods have negative effects on their behavior.ExerciseThe benefits of incorporating exercise into your child’s daily routineare limitless. Not only will it have a positive effect on their ADD/ADHD, it will also significantly improve their overall health andemotional well-being.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 33
  34. 34. Diet & ExerciseIt is recommended that you engage your child in at least 30-45minutes of exercise at least 5 times a week. This improves circulationof blood to the brain, which in turn can provide the ideal platformfor whichever method of treatment is best for your child. Exercisealso elevates Serotonin levels in the brain, resulting in a decrease inhyperactive behavior.The moodiness, irritability and lack of motivation commonlyassociated with ADD/ADHD can also be lessened through exercisedue to the release of endorphins and enkephalins (commonly knownas “runner’s high”).Aside from the biological benefits of exercise, your child’s emotionalstate can also be improved through exercise. By involving them inteam sports, you will be taking a big step in improving your child’ssocial skills, removing feelings of isolation and low self-esteem, andinstilling a sense of sportsmanship and camaraderie.34 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  35. 35. CHAPTER 11 ADD/ADHD Success StoriesIt is common for parents to despair when their child is diagnosed withADD/ADHD. Many believe that their child’s condition automaticallyplaces them on a path of under-achievement, disappointment andfrustration. While it is true that your child’s condition entails tailoredtreatment and care, if these are correctly matched to their uniqueneeds, their condition should not hinder them in their goals andaspirations.Certain traits of your child’s condition can in fact give them distinctadvantages over their non-ADD/ADHD peers. For example, theirtendency to view the “big picture” as opposed to getting held back bythe details means that they are likely to predict future problems andsuccesses before others can. Their creative nature also gives themthe ability to apply original and perhaps more efficient solutions tocomplex problems and issues.The following high profile ADD/ADHD individuals not only overcameany perceived limitations of their condition, they used their uniquetraits to surpass their peers and obtain monumental success.David NeelemanFounder, JetBlue Airways“I knew I had strengths that other people didn’t have, and my parentsreminded me of them when my teachers didn’t see them. I can distillcomplicated facts and come up with simple solutions. I can look outon an industry with all kinds of problems and say, ‘How can I do thisbetter?’ My ADD brain naturally searches for better ways of doingthings.”Paul OrfaleaFounder, Kinko’s“My learning disability gave me certain advantages, because I wasable to live in the moment and capitalize on the opportunities Ispotted. With ADD, you’re curious. Your eyes believe what they see.Your ears believe what others say. I learned to trust my eyes.”A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 35
  36. 36. ADD/ADHD Success Stories“Because I have a tendency to wander, I never spent much time inmy office. My job was going store to store, noticing what people weredoing right. If I had stayed in my office all the time, I would not havediscovered all those wonderful ideas to help expand the business.”Other famous people with ADD/ADHD and other learning disorders: • Albert Einstein • Charles Schwab • Tommy Hilfiger • John Lennon • Beethoven • Richard BransonTeamwork is vital. With a concerted effort between parents, teachersand healthcare providers, your child has the potential to achieveunbridled success.36 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  37. 37. CHAPTER 12 In Summary…The undertaking of research into your child’s ADD/ADHD can beoverwhelming and confusing. If you bear the following key pointsin mind, you will be providing yourself with the ideal foundation ofknowledge pertaining to your child’s condition; setting you on theright path to discovering the most suitable and most effective courseof action. • Familiarize yourself with the correct definition of ADD/ADHD and its causes. This will facilitate discussions with your child’s healthcare provider and teachers when treatment methods and coping mechanisms are being discussed. See Chapter 2: Definition & Causes. • Be aware of all the types of ADD/ADHD. These are Predominantly Inattentive Type, Predominantly Hyperactive- Impulsive Type, and Combined Type. Use the criteria for each type in Chapter 3: Types of ADD/ ADHD as guide. • The numerous misconceptions and myths surrounding ADD/ ADHD can be just as, or even more detrimental to your child’s health than the condition itself. Chapter 4: Distinguishing Fact from Fiction dispels these myths and provides you with facts in their place. • Harness you child’s unique traits by educating yourself on their thinking and learning patterns. ADD/ADHD children are more likely to use the right side of their brain to assimilate information. See Chapter 5: How ADD/ADHD Kids Learn? • Work with teachers to implement effective learning techniques for your child, and therefore increase their chances of academic success. Use the hints in Chapter 6: Learning Techniques for a Child with ADD/ADHD as points for further discussion with your child’s teachers. • While parenting methods do not cause ADD/ADHD, the fact that it can have either a positive or negative effect on your child’s condition is indisputable. Use the techniques outlined in Chapter 7: Parenting a Child with ADD/ADHD to positively influence your child’s learning capabilities and coping mechanisms.A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 37
  38. 38. In Summary... • Should pharmaceutical medication become absolutely necessary, educate yourself on all the effects it will have on your child. Use Chapter 8: Pharmaceutical Treatments for ADD/ADHD as a guide to these medications. • Realize that pharmaceutical treatment is not the only option. Be aware of all the alternative treatments that have been shown to positively affect children with ADD/ADHD. Choosing the right combination of these treatments is of utmost importance; therefore ensure that you consult their physician before embarking on any treatment methods. Chapter 9: Alternative Treatments for ADD/ADHD gives valuable insights on the use of supplements, biofeedback, psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy as viable alternatives or complementary additions to your child’s present treatment regime. • Allow your child’s treatment regime to reach its full potential by making tailored diet and exercise adjustments to their daily routine. See Chapter 10: Diet & exercise. • Remember, your child’s condition is not a hindrance. In fact, their unique personality traits can propel them into a life of success. Should you ever doubt this, use the examples shown in Chapter 11: ADD/ADHD Success Stories for inspiration!The importance of teamwork has been repeated throughout thisguide again and again. Its importance cannot be emphasizedenough. The existence of teamwork between parents, teachers andhealthcare providers ensures that all facets of your child’s conditionare efficiently addressed; therefore enabling them to reach their fullpotential, and lead a happy and satisfying life.38 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD
  39. 39. ReferencesAmen, Daniel G., M.D. Healing ADD - The Breakthrough ProgramThat Allows You to See and Heal the 6 Types of ADD, 2001, TheBerkeley Publishing GroupAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, 2003, National Institute ofMental HealthAttend, Växa InternationalBalch, Phyllis A., CNC & Balch, James F., M.D. Prescription forNutritional Healing, Third Edition, 2000, AveryFreed, Jeffrey M.A.T., & Parsons, Laurie Right-Brained Children in aLeft-Brained World, FiresideIdentifying and Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- A Resource for School and Home, 2003, U.S. Department ofEducationJacobson, Michael F. Ph.D., & Schardt, David M.S. Diet, ADHD &Behavior - A Quarter Century Review, Center for Science in thePublic Interestwww.additudemag.comwww.addresources.orgwww.vaxa.comwww.adhdinfo.comwww.bbc.co.uk/healthwww.healing-arts.orgwww.help4adhd.org (National Resource Center on AD/HD)A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD 39
  40. 40. IndexAdderall ...................................26 Methylphenidate ......................26Allergies...................................33 Myths and Misconceptions ......14Alternative Treatments ............29 NADH and Phosphatyl Complex ..................................30American PsychiatricAssociation’s ...........................10 Neurotransmitters ......................8Diagnostic & Statistical Norepinephrine ..........................8Manual-IV ................................10 Parenting Techniques ..............23Amphetamine ..........................26 Pemoline .................................26Attention Deficit Disorder Pharmaceutical Treatments ....26Definition ...................................7 Predominantly Hyperactive-Behavior Modification System .24 Impulsive Type ADD/ADHD.....10Biofeedback.............................30 Predominantly InattentiveCauses ......................................8 Type ADD/ADHD .....................10Cognitive Behavioral Therapy .30 Pregnenolone ..........................29Combined Type ADD/ADHD ...10 Psychotherapy ........................30Complex Carbohydrates .........33 Reading ...................................21Cylert .......................................26 Reticular Activating System.......7Diet ..........................................32 Right- Brained Characteristics 18Discipline .................................23 Left-Brained Characteristics ....18Dopamine ..................................8 Full-Brained Characteristics ....18Essential Amino Acids .............29 Ritalin ......................................26Exercise...................................32 School .....................................22Fatty Acids ...............................29 Side-effects .............................27Feingold Diet ...........................32 Spelling....................................20Gama-aminobutyric Success Stories ......................35Acid (GABA) ............................30 Supplements ...........................29Ginkgo Biloba ..........................30 Teacher Suggestions ...............21Learning Styles........................17 Writing .....................................21Learning Techniques ...............20Mathematics ............................2140 A Practical Guide for ADD & ADHD

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