Respiratory System
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Respiratory System

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parts of the respiratory system and common ailments

parts of the respiratory system and common ailments

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Respiratory System Respiratory System Presentation Transcript

  • The Respiratory System
  • Common Ailments of the Respiratory System Grade 5 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong
  • Before anything else… Let’s review the parts of the respiratory system View slide
  • The Human Respiratory System View slide
  • The Lung Model
  • Air in Air out Diaphragm Diaphragm
  • Again… Air in when the diaphragm goes down, the lungs expand, air goes in [inhale] Diaphragm
  • And again… Air out when the diaphragm goes up, the lungs are pushed, air goes out [exhale] Diaphragm
  • Got it?
  • Does this look familiar?
  • Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  • The Common Cold
  • The Common Cold
  • The Common Cold • Some experience multiple times in 1 year • Rhinoviruses are the most common viral agents Wait! Rhino, what?
  • The Common Cold Rhinovirus
  • The Common Cold • Highly contagious • Spread by - sneezing, - coughing, or - hand contact with the nose, eyes, or face
  • The Common Cold • Not caused by - a change in weather, - loss of sleep, - going outside with wet hair, or - fatigue Now, you know…
  • The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms • May last 2– 4 days • Sneezing, coughing, malaise may last from 6 – 10 days or possibly up to 3 weeks
  • The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms headache • nasal congestion • scratchy throat • hoarseness • cough • sore throat •
  • The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • No curative treatment So, what should we do?
  • The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • Fluids • Rest • Cough syrups are also helpful
  • Sinusitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Sinusitis • Symptoms may last 10 – 14 days • Usually caused by bacteria: - Hemophilus influenzae and - Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms • a ‘feeling of fullness’ and pressure over the involved sinuses • nasal congestion
  • Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms sore throat • low grade fever • headache • toothache • cough > 1 week •
  • Sinusitis - Treatment & Cure • Rest • Fluids • Antibiotics may be appropriate in certain patients
  • Influenza
  • Influenza (The Flu)
  • Influenza • Responsible for over 4 million respiratory illnesses each year • Attributable for up to 40,000 deaths and 200,000 hospitalizations annually
  • Influenza • Several types including - Influenza A - Influenza B
  • Influenza - Signs & Symptoms high fever • exhaustion • generalized aches, and • cough •
  • Influenza - Signs & Symptoms headache, • nasal congestion, • sneezing, and • sore throat •
  • Influenza - Treatment & Cure • Analgesics (fever medicine) • Cough syrups for supportive therapy
  • Pneumonia
  • Pneumonia • Most commonly community-acquired • Bacterial agents are - Streptococcus pneumoniae - Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Pneumonia
  • Pneumonia • Lungs get filled with fluid
  • Pneumonia -Signs & Symptoms fever or hypothermia • cough with or without sputum • chest discomfort • sweats •
  • Pneumonia -Treatment & Care • Rest • Fluids • Medicine for cough, fever and infection • Oxygen (if breathing is very difficult)
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchitis • The bronchi is swollen making it difficult to breath
  • Bronchitis
  • Bronchitis • Similar treatment with pneumonia and other respiratory ailments
  • Asthma
  • Asthma
  • Asthma • Swelling of the airways caused by allergens such as:
  • and these…
  • This what happens…
  • Let’s compare…
  • No wonder you need this… The puffer
  • Asthma -Signs & Symptoms wheezing • cough (dry or productive) • chest tightness • difficulty completing • sentences
  • Let’s revisit…
  • Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  • Plenary Sources: Tamra N. Fortenberry, MD Department of Ob/Gyn The University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN www.wikipedia.org Williams Obstetrics, 21st Edition, 2001, Washington Manual Up to Date, www.uptodate.com, Obstetrics and gynecology, Ling & Duff
  • The End…