Respiratory System

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parts of the respiratory system and common ailments

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Respiratory System

  1. 1. The Respiratory System
  2. 2. Common Ailments of the Respiratory System Grade 5 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong
  3. 3. Before anything else… Let’s review the parts of the respiratory system
  4. 4. The Human Respiratory System
  5. 5. The Lung Model
  6. 6. Air in Air out Diaphragm Diaphragm
  7. 7. Again… Air in when the diaphragm goes down, the lungs expand, air goes in [inhale] Diaphragm
  8. 8. And again… Air out when the diaphragm goes up, the lungs are pushed, air goes out [exhale] Diaphragm
  9. 9. Got it?
  10. 10. Does this look familiar?
  11. 11. Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  12. 12. The Common Cold
  13. 13. The Common Cold
  14. 14. The Common Cold • Some experience multiple times in 1 year • Rhinoviruses are the most common viral agents Wait! Rhino, what?
  15. 15. The Common Cold Rhinovirus
  16. 16. The Common Cold • Highly contagious • Spread by - sneezing, - coughing, or - hand contact with the nose, eyes, or face
  17. 17. The Common Cold • Not caused by - a change in weather, - loss of sleep, - going outside with wet hair, or - fatigue Now, you know…
  18. 18. The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms • May last 2– 4 days • Sneezing, coughing, malaise may last from 6 – 10 days or possibly up to 3 weeks
  19. 19. The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms headache • nasal congestion • scratchy throat • hoarseness • cough • sore throat •
  20. 20. The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • No curative treatment So, what should we do?
  21. 21. The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • Fluids • Rest • Cough syrups are also helpful
  22. 22. Sinusitis
  23. 23. Sinusitis
  24. 24. Sinusitis • Symptoms may last 10 – 14 days • Usually caused by bacteria: - Hemophilus influenzae and - Streptococcus pneumoniae
  25. 25. Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms • a ‘feeling of fullness’ and pressure over the involved sinuses • nasal congestion
  26. 26. Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms sore throat • low grade fever • headache • toothache • cough > 1 week •
  27. 27. Sinusitis - Treatment & Cure • Rest • Fluids • Antibiotics may be appropriate in certain patients
  28. 28. Influenza
  29. 29. Influenza (The Flu)
  30. 30. Influenza • Responsible for over 4 million respiratory illnesses each year • Attributable for up to 40,000 deaths and 200,000 hospitalizations annually
  31. 31. Influenza • Several types including - Influenza A - Influenza B
  32. 32. Influenza - Signs & Symptoms high fever • exhaustion • generalized aches, and • cough •
  33. 33. Influenza - Signs & Symptoms headache, • nasal congestion, • sneezing, and • sore throat •
  34. 34. Influenza - Treatment & Cure • Analgesics (fever medicine) • Cough syrups for supportive therapy
  35. 35. Pneumonia
  36. 36. Pneumonia • Most commonly community-acquired • Bacterial agents are - Streptococcus pneumoniae - Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  37. 37. Pneumonia
  38. 38. Pneumonia • Lungs get filled with fluid
  39. 39. Pneumonia -Signs & Symptoms fever or hypothermia • cough with or without sputum • chest discomfort • sweats •
  40. 40. Pneumonia -Treatment & Care • Rest • Fluids • Medicine for cough, fever and infection • Oxygen (if breathing is very difficult)
  41. 41. Bronchitis
  42. 42. Bronchitis • The bronchi is swollen making it difficult to breath
  43. 43. Bronchitis
  44. 44. Bronchitis • Similar treatment with pneumonia and other respiratory ailments
  45. 45. Asthma
  46. 46. Asthma
  47. 47. Asthma • Swelling of the airways caused by allergens such as:
  48. 48. and these…
  49. 49. This what happens…
  50. 50. Let’s compare…
  51. 51. No wonder you need this… The puffer
  52. 52. Asthma -Signs & Symptoms wheezing • cough (dry or productive) • chest tightness • difficulty completing • sentences
  53. 53. Let’s revisit…
  54. 54. Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  55. 55. Plenary Sources: Tamra N. Fortenberry, MD Department of Ob/Gyn The University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN www.wikipedia.org Williams Obstetrics, 21st Edition, 2001, Washington Manual Up to Date, www.uptodate.com, Obstetrics and gynecology, Ling & Duff
  56. 56. The End…

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