Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Respiratory System

17,269

Published on

parts of the respiratory system and common ailments

parts of the respiratory system and common ailments

6 Comments
24 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
17,269
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,863
Comments
6
Likes
24
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Respiratory System
  • 2. Common Ailments of the Respiratory System Grade 5 Lourdes School of Mandaluyong
  • 3. Before anything else… Let’s review the parts of the respiratory system
  • 4. The Human Respiratory System
  • 5. The Lung Model
  • 6. Air in Air out Diaphragm Diaphragm
  • 7. Again… Air in when the diaphragm goes down, the lungs expand, air goes in [inhale] Diaphragm
  • 8. And again… Air out when the diaphragm goes up, the lungs are pushed, air goes out [exhale] Diaphragm
  • 9. Got it?
  • 10. Does this look familiar?
  • 11. Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  • 12. The Common Cold
  • 13. The Common Cold
  • 14. The Common Cold • Some experience multiple times in 1 year • Rhinoviruses are the most common viral agents Wait! Rhino, what?
  • 15. The Common Cold Rhinovirus
  • 16. The Common Cold • Highly contagious • Spread by - sneezing, - coughing, or - hand contact with the nose, eyes, or face
  • 17. The Common Cold • Not caused by - a change in weather, - loss of sleep, - going outside with wet hair, or - fatigue Now, you know…
  • 18. The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms • May last 2– 4 days • Sneezing, coughing, malaise may last from 6 – 10 days or possibly up to 3 weeks
  • 19. The Common Cold -Signs & Symptoms headache • nasal congestion • scratchy throat • hoarseness • cough • sore throat •
  • 20. The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • No curative treatment So, what should we do?
  • 21. The Common Cold - Treatment & Cure • Fluids • Rest • Cough syrups are also helpful
  • 22. Sinusitis
  • 23. Sinusitis
  • 24. Sinusitis • Symptoms may last 10 – 14 days • Usually caused by bacteria: - Hemophilus influenzae and - Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • 25. Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms • a ‘feeling of fullness’ and pressure over the involved sinuses • nasal congestion
  • 26. Sinusitis - Signs & Symptoms sore throat • low grade fever • headache • toothache • cough > 1 week •
  • 27. Sinusitis - Treatment & Cure • Rest • Fluids • Antibiotics may be appropriate in certain patients
  • 28. Influenza
  • 29. Influenza (The Flu)
  • 30. Influenza • Responsible for over 4 million respiratory illnesses each year • Attributable for up to 40,000 deaths and 200,000 hospitalizations annually
  • 31. Influenza • Several types including - Influenza A - Influenza B
  • 32. Influenza - Signs & Symptoms high fever • exhaustion • generalized aches, and • cough •
  • 33. Influenza - Signs & Symptoms headache, • nasal congestion, • sneezing, and • sore throat •
  • 34. Influenza - Treatment & Cure • Analgesics (fever medicine) • Cough syrups for supportive therapy
  • 35. Pneumonia
  • 36. Pneumonia • Most commonly community-acquired • Bacterial agents are - Streptococcus pneumoniae - Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • 37. Pneumonia
  • 38. Pneumonia • Lungs get filled with fluid
  • 39. Pneumonia -Signs & Symptoms fever or hypothermia • cough with or without sputum • chest discomfort • sweats •
  • 40. Pneumonia -Treatment & Care • Rest • Fluids • Medicine for cough, fever and infection • Oxygen (if breathing is very difficult)
  • 41. Bronchitis
  • 42. Bronchitis • The bronchi is swollen making it difficult to breath
  • 43. Bronchitis
  • 44. Bronchitis • Similar treatment with pneumonia and other respiratory ailments
  • 45. Asthma
  • 46. Asthma
  • 47. Asthma • Swelling of the airways caused by allergens such as:
  • 48. and these…
  • 49. This what happens…
  • 50. Let’s compare…
  • 51. No wonder you need this… The puffer
  • 52. Asthma -Signs & Symptoms wheezing • cough (dry or productive) • chest tightness • difficulty completing • sentences
  • 53. Let’s revisit…
  • 54. Common Respiratory Ailments • Upper respiratory infection - Common cold - Sinusitis • Influenza • Pneumonia • Bronchitis • Asthma
  • 55. Plenary Sources: Tamra N. Fortenberry, MD Department of Ob/Gyn The University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN www.wikipedia.org Williams Obstetrics, 21st Edition, 2001, Washington Manual Up to Date, www.uptodate.com, Obstetrics and gynecology, Ling & Duff
  • 56. The End…

×