CAREER GUIDANCE IN VET SLOVENIA GI VET – Learning partnership 2. Meeting in Spain November 2012
LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR IMPLEMANTING CAREER GUIDANCE IN VET Organization and Financing of Education Act MinimalStandards for Guidance in Secondary Schools which define the guidance programmes in secondary schools in Slovenia and include: various information activities lessons on career-related issues (such as career development, further education and employment possibilities) work with self-help guidance tools psychological testing individual career counselling visits to employers
MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR CG IN VETSchool counselors should provide:Group lessons on career guidance 1st and 2st year= 2 hours 3rd year = 3 hours 4th year = 4 hoursatleast one individual counseling session for each student in the last gradeup to date materials in the libraryWhy career guidance is necessary in VET?Most students who have graduateed enrole in educational programs attertiary level.More than 90% of students who have completed vocational maturacontinue enrole in educational programs at tertiary level.
WEAKNESSES OF CAREER GUIDANCE SYSTEM: The accessibility of guidance in VET is not high enough. The reason are: plenty of other tasks that guidance counsellors have to perform high number of students a belief that students in vocational schools have already made their vocational/career decision; The fact that career education still has a marginal position in the present school curriculum - there are no career guidance courses; The lack of quality system, specialised training and education in the field of career guidance; The absence of a clear and coordinated guidance policy at national, regional and local levels.
EXAMPLE OF GOOD PRACTICEWEB PAGE: WWW.MOJAIZBIRA.SI It started as a project founded by EU commission and Slovenian Ministry of Education in 2008. Target group: pupils, students, school counselors, parents, participants in adult education. In the first year it had about 44.000 visitors –and already 127.330 in the last year. 10.000 visitors per month and 2600 likes on FB Information is gathered form different institutions like Ministry of Education, Sloevnian Institute for adult education, Chamber of crafts, Employment service and others. To popularize the website a series of printed information materials was provided for whole generation (approximately 18,000 pupils per year). RESULTS: enrollment in vocational schools in 2011/2012 has increased the first time since the school year 2004/2005 despite the decline in generations.
WEB PAGE: WWW.MOJAIZBIRA.SI - CONTENT CAREER SIGNPOST Information and presentation of educational programs on secondary level (more than 300 formal and non-formal programs) and schools Presentation of more than 428 occupations (some- 343 even with video) PRESENTATION OF SLOVENIAN SYSTEM OF APL (accreditation of prior gained knowledge) National Vocational Qualifications which give individuals an opportunity to assess and validate knowledge and skills obtained through non-formal learning. COUNSELING Where to go? Who to ask? Professional materials for counselors, teachers, researchers Legislative and useful links Dictionary of professional terminology in career guidance and counseling Presentation of different projects in the area of career guidance and VET (Euroskills, MUNUS 2, Talentiran.si, e-svetovanje, Mi znamo...)
KAM IN KAKO – WHERE AND HOW? KAM IN KAKO is an interactive computer program that helps users when choosing their profession/occupation. Target group are pupils and students making their first career decision, as well as those who are looking for new ideas regarding their careers. Program originates from the UK . (www.cascaid.co.uk/) and was adapted to Slovenian conditions in 1998/99 during the PHARE project Experimental Centre for Vocational Guidance. Nowadays more than 400 primary and secondary schools , Employment services and other institutions are using it to help their students to make optimal career choices. Content: job descriptions, possibilities of researching specific occupations, photos, interviews with individuals engaged in a particular profession, self-evaluation of skills, which occupations are not appropriate when having certain health problems... The program is based on individual’s attitude to work, it is very clear and managable as it enable users to see how their answers are being used and why certain professions are proposed and others not.
CAREER CENTRE IN SCHOOLS SCHOOL CENTRE CELJE Project Career centre in schools (2011/2012) is an ACES (Acadamy of Central European Schools 2006) project Partner countries: Slovenia, Romania, Macedonia 30 students were included (logistics technician) Activities: Presentation of career Centre Partner visits Workshops: How to write an application form and CV Job Interview Job seeking skills, Information seeking, Informal ways of job searching (network) Which are our values and why are they important, Identification of personal characteristic Individual career plan – portfolio Video of a simulated job interview Volunteering as a successful career start
TEHNICAL SCHOOL CENTRE NOVA GORICA Activities for talented students: Company visits Summer camps “School for natural scientists” workshops (once/month, 2 hours) organized by Centre of Excellence for Biosensors, Instrumentation and Process Control
TEHNICAL SCHOOL CENTRE NOVA GORICA CAREER GUIDANCE ACTIVITIES Individual counseling Tests like Professional interests test, Study intrests test Company visits, visits to Employment services and CIPS Lectures and workshops How to start planning and developing a career – introduction Decision making, self-knowledge workshops (if students express an interest) Information about different possibilities they have in post secondary and higher education whether they finish secondary education with matura, vocational matura or final vocational exam Information about application and admissions process, student life and student hall of residence/dormitory, scholarships... Helping students to fill in the application form for entering higher education correctly Presentations of professions and schools/univeristies Information day for all students (every February) “Choose your study” organized in November by local Public Institution for Education and Training
CAREER PORTFOLIO IN SECONDARY SCHOOL FOR TURISM AND GASTRONOMY Project: Let’s educate together for the future (2007) Content: I. The career portfolio – theory II. Starting point or reference III. The vision of my own professional development IV. Targeting life V. Getting to know myself VI. Evidence VII. Reflections VIII.Information It will also include: File of learning outcomes File of projcet work File of practical training on the work place Manual and CD
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