Trouble on the Frontier After the French and Indian War The British victory over the French was a devastating blow to the Native Americans of the Ohio River valley They had lost their French allies and trading partners They began to trade with the British but saw them as enemies The British raised prices of traded goods and unlike the French refused to pay Native Americans for the use of their land Worst of all, British settlers began moving into the valleys west of Pennsylvania
Pontiac’s War Chief Pontiac was the leader of an Ottawa village near Detroit He recognized that the British settlers threatened the Native American way of life Chief Pontiac formed an alliance of the Shawnee and Delaware tribes to fight the British Spring 1763: They attacked British forts in the Great Lake region Summer 1763: The alliance of Native Americans kill settlers in Western PA and Virginia These raids became known as Pontiac’s War
Pontiac’s War Although the Native Americans won many battles they failed to capture important forts as: Niagara, Fort Pitt, and Detroit 1765: The Native Americans were defeated by the British July 1766: Pontiac signed a peace treaty and was pardoned by the British
The Proclamation of 1763 To prevent more fighting King George halted settler’s westward expansion In the Proclamation of 1763 the Appalachian Mountains were the temporary western boundary for the colonies This angered many colonists who were already living in the area, or who have recently purchased land in the area These colonists land claims were now not recognized The Proclamation of 1763 created friction between the colonies and Great Britain
Proclamation of 1763 Description: What? Established a line across the Appalachians where colonists could not move (to prevent violence) How it led to the revolution: Convinced colonists that British did not care about their needs Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Map_of_territorial_growth_1775.jpg
French and Indian War left Britain with large debt.
British army of 10,000 was left in the colonies.
England said the army was to protect the colonists, but the colonists thought the soldiers were there to intimidate them.
Prime Minister Grenville
Prime Minister Grenville wanted colonists to pay for British troops through increased taxes.
The Sugar Act
The Sugar Act taxed sugar and molasses imported from the French and Spanish West Indies.
Reaction to the tax Northern merchants felt this would hurt rum trade. Other colonists resented taxation without representation in Parliament. The Sugar Act was repealed in 1766
Review SUGAR ACT (1764): The duty on the importation of foreign molasses is reduced in half. NOTE: The Sugar Act replaces Molasses Act of 1733. There will also be duties on all imports of sugar, coffee, wine, and textiles. All those violating this act will be tried in the Admiralty Courts – not the courts of local jurisdiction.
The Currency Act1764 The colonies suffered a constant shortage of currency with which to conduct trade. There were no gold or silver mines and currency could only be obtained through trade as regulated by Great Britain. The Currency Act of 1764 prohibited all American colonies from issuing paper currency, thereby creating severe monetary problems.
The Law CURRENCY ACT (1764):The Colonials are forbidden to make paper money as legal tender.
Currency Act The Currency Act effectively took control of the Colonial currency system. prohibited the issue of any new bills and the reissue of existing currency. Parliament favored a "hard currency" system based on the pound sterling, but was not inclined to regulate the colonial bills. Rather, they simply abolished them.
Colonists Reaction The colonies protested vehemently against this. They suffered a trade deficit with Great Britain to begin with and argued that the shortage of hard capital would further exacerbate the situation.
What about Smugglers? The Navy commanders (who were British) could call for a hearing of suspected smugglers. Colonists didn’t like this because they knew the British would always find for the British side, not the colonies.