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Low emissions development work in Peru, Colombia and Panama

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presentation by Glenn Hyman at the ASB symposium about some work carried out under the REALU project – reducing emissions from all land uses. This work combines information on land-use change, carbon …

presentation by Glenn Hyman at the ASB symposium about some work carried out under the REALU project – reducing emissions from all land uses. This work combines information on land-use change, carbon stocks and profitability of land uses to estimate opportunity costs and emissions scenarios into the future.

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. Low emission development strategies in Peru, Colombia and Panama ASB Symposium 2 October 2013 Global Steering Group Meeting Washington, DC 2-4 October, 2013 Glenn Hyman
  • 2. Introduction • Planning for low emissions development • What tools and approaches can be brought to the task? • ASB Has been working on methods for analyzing low emissions development strategies • 3 Latin American examples – in Peru, Colombia and Panama
  • 3. RS/GIS
  • 4. Peru
  • 5. Ucayali Region, Peru Figura 1. Participantes en el taller “Estrategias para reducir emisiones: Análisis de escenarios de planificación” 22-26 marzo 2013 en Pucallpa, Perú. 1. Gather and organize information 2. Analyze land use and carbon stock changes 3. Develop emissions baseline 4. Analyze scenarios 5. Understand tradeoffs 6. Create action plan 6 steps Workshop 1. Day 1, scenarios w/ officials 2. Days 2, 3, 4 – analyze 3. Day 5 – review results and make refinements
  • 6. Analysis by planning unit
  • 7. Analytical Results from ABACUS
  • 8. Implications for oil palm development http://www.terra-i.org/terra-i.html
  • 9. Key Insights - Ucayali Region Peru • whether oil Palm replaces intact forests or pastures will have a substantial impact on emissions • There is significant potential to recuperate degraded pastures, restocking carbon in the landscape. • The new road planned between Pucallpa and Cruzeiro would have multiplier effects for both carbon stocks and livelihoods.
  • 10. Colombia
  • 11. Colombian High Plains • ~ 1 million hectares • Natural vegetation is savanna and gallery forest • Focus of increasing agricultural development • Agricultural systems: • Pastures and improved pastures • Maize, soybean, rice, sugar cane • Rubber and Oil palm agroforestry • Collaboration between the national agricultural research institute (CORPOICA) and ASB partners (CIAT and ICRAF)
  • 12. Profitability of land uses in the Llanos, Colombia Source: CORPOICA and CIAT
  • 13. Conversion to silvo-pastoral systems Llanos, Colombia
  • 14. Key Insights – High Plains Colombia • There is a potential win-win situation by converting degraded pastures and native savannas to silvopastoral systems. • Farmers would need support to cover the initial cost of conversion. • More study of biodiversity implications are needed. Areas that are suitable for gallery forests could be reestablished.
  • 15. Panama
  • 16. The 5 UN-REDD regions of Panama
  • 17. Land Use
  • 18. Opportunistic carbon stock evaluation
  • 19. Opportunity cost analysis
  • 20. Identifying land use transitions and their effects on carbon stocks in Panama
  • 21. Scenarios developed by group of experts are assessed applying land use change rates in ABACUS: in this case reducing primary forests clearing
  • 22. Graphing ABACUS Results
  • 23. Mapping land use transitions in Panama
  • 24. Key Insights – Panama • Reducing deforestation and degradation has the highest potential for reducing emissions. • Actions in indigenous reserves will have a large impact on overall emissions in Panama. • There is high potential to restock carbon in agricultural lands, although the direct contribution to net emissions is modest.
  • 25. Our experience so far…. • Methods and tools have allowed us to test hypotheses, notions, ideas in case studies • Our partners at the technical/analytical level are enthusiastically adopting methods • Need to better incorporate other ecosystem services • More work needed to reach policy makers
  • 26. Thank you