Five Key Challenges for Sustainable Forest Governance

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: Keynote speech (via skype) by Prof. Han van Dijk, forest engineer and anthropologist with 25 years of experience in Africa – fragile and conflict states and natural resource management, Wageningen University, the Netherlands. “I think the five key future challenges for the Sustainable Forest governance (SFM) are mitigation of climate change through forests and trees; knowledge base; reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) and forest tenure reform; gender equity; and multiple uses of forests” said van Dijk.

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Five Key Challenges for Sustainable Forest Governance

  1. 1. Five Key Challenges forSustainable Forest Governance Han van Dijk Wageningen University CIAT Meeting, World Forest Day March 21, 2013
  2. 2. Five key challenges to promote sustainable management of forests Climate change mitigation through forests Knowledge base REDD+ and forest tenure reform Gender equity Multiple uses of forest
  3. 3. 1. Mitigation of climate change through forests and trees• Importance of forests for carbon storage Renewable resource Managed in a sustainable way• Wood versus fossil fuels• How to build more productive forests in terms of production and carbon storage?• Local actors and global outcomes
  4. 4. Mangrove area in Mekong Delta, Vietnam
  5. 5. Shrimp cultivation in a mangrove forest or mangrovesin a shrimp pond … Vietnam
  6. 6. 2. Knowledge base• How to link the outcomes of local actions to these global problems• Remote sensing technologies that can be downscaled• And local case-studies that can be up-scaled• Enormous methodological challenges
  7. 7. 3. REDD+ and forest tenure reform• Who is going to benefit?• Who can claim rights?• Two opposite tendencies: recentralization and devolution of rights• Fundamental conflicts between forest-dependent populations and the ‘state’• If the ‘state’ is not present
  8. 8. Forest land in Rajasthan, India
  9. 9. Farmland in Uganda: Mount Elgon
  10. 10. 4. Gender equity• Forestry is a sector dominated by males• A lot of attention has been given over the years to gender issues• Yet: – Crucial issues in forest tenure reform: may lead to marginalization – NTFPs: how to make it an integral part of sustainable forest management
  11. 11. Tribal women in India
  12. 12. Tubu pastoralists in Central Chad in a forest area
  13. 13. 5. Multiple uses of forest• Multiple use is a reality all over the globe• It is often about marginal groups (women, pastoralists, hunters-gatherers)• Better engage than antagonize• Needs to be introduced in governance arrangements for forests

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