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Hazard Perception
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Hazard Perception

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Created 22-Nov-2010 by Ciaran Morrison …

Created 22-Nov-2010 by Ciaran Morrison
A & C Driving School

Published in: Automotive, Education, Sports
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  • E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT MAY HAPPEN HERE – TRUCK TURNING LEFT In this graphic the light has just turned green. What hazards / dangers can you foresee here? Where does the responsibility lie? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – TRUCK TURNING LEFT As you can see, a collision between the truck, cyclist and pedestrian has occurred. As the truck began to move off on the green light, the cyclist moved up on the inside of the truck. The cyclist needs to be aware on seeing the truck indicating left, that it might be unwise to keep travelling up on the inside in case the driver may not have seen the him/her. The driver of the truck needs to be aware of cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians that may decide to travel up on his/her inside. Trucks, buses and other large vehicles may need to leave space on their inside in order to make a left turn safely. Cyclists and pedestrians have equal responsibility with drivers to ensure such collisions don’t happen. It is important to be aware of road signs / signals. We need to anticipate other road user’s movements and prevent collisions, injuries and deaths. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT MAY HAPPEN HERE – TRUCK TURNING LEFT In this graphic the light has just turned green. What hazards / dangers can you foresee here? Where does the responsibility lie? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – TRUCK TURNING LEFT As you can see, a collision between the truck, cyclist and pedestrian has occurred. As the truck began to move off on the green light, the cyclist moved up on the inside of the truck. The cyclist needs to be aware on seeing the truck indicating left, that it might be unwise to keep travelling up on the inside in case the driver may not have seen the him/her. The driver of the truck needs to be aware of cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians that may decide to travel up on his/her inside. Trucks, buses and other large vehicles may need to leave space on their inside in order to make a left turn safely. Cyclists and pedestrians have equal responsibility with drivers to ensure such collisions don’t happen. It is important to be aware of road signs / signals. We need to anticipate other road user’s movements and prevent collisions, injuries and deaths. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR TRAVELLING ALONG A STREET You can now see that a young child is attempting to cross between parked vehicles. The driver may not see the child in time to stop, and if it is wet he/she will find it even more difficult to stop. The driver should glance under parked vehicles while driving, to check for legs or shadows of people that might attempt to cross. As you can see, crossing between parked vehicles is an extremely dangerous thing to do and one that should never be done. Always look for a safe place to cross where you have full view of the road. The vehicle should travel at an appropriate speed that allows the driver to make an emergency stop safely. Parents and older children should make sure that small children in particular are warned about the dangers of crossing in unsafe places, such as between parked vehicles and on road bends. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR TRAVELLING ALONG A STREET You can now see that a young child is attempting to cross between parked vehicles. The driver may not see the child in time to stop, and if it is wet he/she will find it even more difficult to stop. The driver should glance under parked vehicles while driving, to check for legs or shadows of people that might attempt to cross. As you can see, crossing between parked vehicles is an extremely dangerous thing to do and one that should never be done. Always look for a safe place to cross where you have full view of the road. The vehicle should travel at an appropriate speed that allows the driver to make an emergency stop safely. Parents and older children should make sure that small children in particular are warned about the dangers of crossing in unsafe places, such as between parked vehicles and on road bends. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR TRAVELLING ALONG A STREET You can now see that a young child is attempting to cross between parked vehicles. The driver may not see the child in time to stop, and if it is wet he/she will find it even more difficult to stop. The driver should glance under parked vehicles while driving, to check for legs or shadows of people that might attempt to cross. As you can see, crossing between parked vehicles is an extremely dangerous thing to do and one that should never be done. Always look for a safe place to cross where you have full view of the road. The vehicle should travel at an appropriate speed that allows the driver to make an emergency stop safely. Parents and older children should make sure that small children in particular are warned about the dangers of crossing in unsafe places, such as between parked vehicles and on road bends. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH MOTORCYCLIST What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? Firstly, the pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road facing the oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The motorcyclist is overtaking on a bend and also on a continuous white line, both of which are wrong. There is a car in the distance with one of its headlights not working. The car could be mistaken for a motorcycle if a vehicle decides to overtake and a crash might occur. The headlight nearest the centre of the road on the rear vehicle needs to be replaced. The motorcyclist needs to stay on the correct side of the road and not overtake on a bend and continuous white line. The pedestrian needs to walk facing the traffic on the other side of the road and wear reflective markings and brighter clothes, maybe even carry a flashlight. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH CYCLISTS What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? The pedestrian may not hear or see traffic coming from behind him/her and so have less time to get out of the way. The cyclist not wearing reflective markings may not be seen by the car travelling behind him/her and a collision may occur. The cyclist needs to be in closer to the side of the road and not cycle in the centre of the road. The pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road against oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The second cyclist needs to keep more into the side and place reflectors on the bicycle and wear reflective material on his/her clothes. Wearing brightly coloured clothes would also be important. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH CYCLISTS What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? The pedestrian may not hear or see traffic coming from behind him/her and so have less time to get out of the way. The cyclist not wearing reflective markings may not be seen by the car travelling behind him/her and a collision may occur. The cyclist needs to be in closer to the side of the road and not cycle in the centre of the road. The pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road against oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The second cyclist needs to keep more into the side and place reflectors on the bicycle and wear reflective material on his/her clothes. Wearing brightly coloured clothes would also be important. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH CYCLISTS What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? The pedestrian may not hear or see traffic coming from behind him/her and so have less time to get out of the way. The cyclist not wearing reflective markings may not be seen by the car travelling behind him/her and a collision may occur. The cyclist needs to be in closer to the side of the road and not cycle in the centre of the road. The pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road against oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The second cyclist needs to keep more into the side and place reflectors on the bicycle and wear reflective material on his/her clothes. Wearing brightly coloured clothes would also be important. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – NIGHT VISION WITH CYCLISTS What are the risks and dangers in this illustration? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? The pedestrian may not hear or see traffic coming from behind him/her and so have less time to get out of the way. The cyclist not wearing reflective markings may not be seen by the car travelling behind him/her and a collision may occur. The cyclist needs to be in closer to the side of the road and not cycle in the centre of the road. The pedestrian should be walking on the other side of the road against oncoming traffic. This will give the pedestrian the best view of approaching traffic and a better chance of getting out of the way if needed. The second cyclist needs to keep more into the side and place reflectors on the bicycle and wear reflective material on his/her clothes. Wearing brightly coloured clothes would also be important. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN The drivers view is obstructed by the tree. The windshield post is another obstruction. The view of a road user could be temporarily blocked by these obstructions It is important that the driver delays long enough before moving off so that a slower road user such as a cyclist or pedestrian has time to emerge from behind the obstacles if they are progressing towards the junction. You can see that a cyclist was in fact en route and the tree could have obscured him from the driver’s vision. If the driver notices the road signs he/she will see the cycle lane sign and keep alert to the thought that cyclists may be in the area. Both the driver and cyclist need to keep thinking ahead of possible hazards especially coming up to junctions and driveways. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN The drivers view is obstructed by the tree. The windshield post is another obstruction. The view of a road user could be temporarily blocked by these obstructions It is important that the driver delays long enough before moving off so that a slower road user such as a cyclist or pedestrian has time to emerge from behind the obstacles if they are progressing towards the junction. You can see that a cyclist was in fact en route and the tree could have obscured him from the driver’s vision. If the driver notices the road signs he/she will see the cycle lane sign and keep alert to the thought that cyclists may be in the area. Both the driver and cyclist need to keep thinking ahead of possible hazards especially coming up to junctions and driveways. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN The drivers view is obstructed by the tree. The windshield post is another obstruction. The view of a road user could be temporarily blocked by these obstructions It is important that the driver delays long enough before moving off so that a slower road user such as a cyclist or pedestrian has time to emerge from behind the obstacles if they are progressing towards the junction. You can see that a cyclist was in fact en route and the tree could have obscured him from the driver’s vision. If the driver notices the road signs he/she will see the cycle lane sign and keep alert to the thought that cyclists may be in the area. Both the driver and cyclist need to keep thinking ahead of possible hazards especially coming up to junctions and driveways. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN The drivers view is obstructed by the tree. The windshield post is another obstruction. The view of a road user could be temporarily blocked by these obstructions It is important that the driver delays long enough before moving off so that a slower road user such as a cyclist or pedestrian has time to emerge from behind the obstacles if they are progressing towards the junction. You can see that a cyclist was in fact en route and the tree could have obscured him from the driver’s vision. If the driver notices the road signs he/she will see the cycle lane sign and keep alert to the thought that cyclists may be in the area. Both the driver and cyclist need to keep thinking ahead of possible hazards especially coming up to junctions and driveways. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT COULD HAPPEN HERE – CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– CAR IS STOPPED BEFORE MAKING A TURN The drivers view is obstructed by the tree. The windshield post is another obstruction. The view of a road user could be temporarily blocked by these obstructions It is important that the driver delays long enough before moving off so that a slower road user such as a cyclist or pedestrian has time to emerge from behind the obstacles if they are progressing towards the junction. You can see that a cyclist was in fact en route and the tree could have obscured him from the driver’s vision. If the driver notices the road signs he/she will see the cycle lane sign and keep alert to the thought that cyclists may be in the area. Both the driver and cyclist need to keep thinking ahead of possible hazards especially coming up to junctions and driveways. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT HAZARDS OR DANGERS MIGHT OCCUR HERE – DRIVEWAY What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVEWAY The hedge presents an obstacle to the driver’s vision for any persons under his/her eye-level. Generally, this would be small children. A child running, cycling, using a skateboard or roller skates will move quickly. The driver will therefore need to move extremely slowly out of the driveway keeping these people in mind. The responsibility does not lie entirely with the driver. The children and other road users must keep in mind that a vehicle might appear out of a driveway or laneway etc. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT HAZARDS OR DANGERS MIGHT OCCUR HERE – DRIVEWAY What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVEWAY The hedge presents an obstacle to the driver’s vision for any persons under his/her eye-level. Generally, this would be small children. A child running, cycling, using a skateboard or roller skates will move quickly. The driver will therefore need to move extremely slowly out of the driveway keeping these people in mind. The responsibility does not lie entirely with the driver. The children and other road users must keep in mind that a vehicle might appear out of a driveway or laneway etc. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT HAZARDS OR DANGERS MIGHT OCCUR HERE – DRIVEWAY What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVEWAY The hedge presents an obstacle to the driver’s vision for any persons under his/her eye-level. Generally, this would be small children. A child running, cycling, using a skateboard or roller skates will move quickly. The driver will therefore need to move extremely slowly out of the driveway keeping these people in mind. The responsibility does not lie entirely with the driver. The children and other road users must keep in mind that a vehicle might appear out of a driveway or laneway etc. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT HAZARDS OR DANGERS MIGHT OCCUR HERE – DRIVEWAY What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVEWAY The hedge presents an obstacle to the driver’s vision for any persons under his/her eye-level. Generally, this would be small children. A child running, cycling, using a skateboard or roller skates will move quickly. The driver will therefore need to move extremely slowly out of the driveway keeping these people in mind. The responsibility does not lie entirely with the driver. The children and other road users must keep in mind that a vehicle might appear out of a driveway or laneway etc. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT HAZARDS OR DANGERS MIGHT OCCUR HERE – DRIVEWAY What are the risks and dangers in this graphic? Where does the responsibility lie? What would you do to improve the safety in this situation? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVEWAY The hedge presents an obstacle to the driver’s vision for any persons under his/her eye-level. Generally, this would be small children. A child running, cycling, using a skateboard or roller skates will move quickly. The driver will therefore need to move extremely slowly out of the driveway keeping these people in mind. The responsibility does not lie entirely with the driver. The children and other road users must keep in mind that a vehicle might appear out of a driveway or laneway etc. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS MAY EXIST HERE – CAR PARK You are in the drivers seat and begin to reverse out of a car park space. This is you view when looking over your right shoulder. Is it safe to continue reversing? Can you foresee anything that might happen? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CAR PARK It is important to reverse out slowly in case other road users go past. In this case a family is walking past and the drivers view is blocked by other parked cars and the inside side panel of the drivers car including headrests. Both the people walking and the driver must keep in mind that other road users might be around and act accordingly. By reversing slowly in the car and scanning all sides when reversing. The same goes for the pedestrians. They must also scan around them for the possibility of cars moving out of spaces. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT ARE THE DANGERS HERE – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK A cyclist is overtaking a parked truck. What are the possible dangers to the cyclist? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK At any moment someone sitting in the truck may decide to open the door as the cyclist passes, knocking him/her off the bicycle. If there are other passing vehicles, the cyclist could fall under the vehicle if knocked over by the door. The driver in this case needs to be more aware that other road users might be close by. The cyclist needs to watch out for tell tale signs such as glancing at the truck’s mirror – this would show the driver sitting in the cab, therefore the cyclist should take care when passing as the driver’s door may open at any stage. The cyclist should also listen to see if the engine is on; if it is on this may indicate that the vehicle is about to move off. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT ARE THE DANGERS HERE – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK A cyclist is overtaking a parked truck. What are the possible dangers to the cyclist? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK At any moment someone sitting in the truck may decide to open the door as the cyclist passes, knocking him/her off the bicycle. If there are other passing vehicles, the cyclist could fall under the vehicle if knocked over by the door. The driver in this case needs to be more aware that other road users might be close by. The cyclist needs to watch out for tell tale signs such as glancing at the truck’s mirror – this would show the driver sitting in the cab, therefore the cyclist should take care when passing as the driver’s door may open at any stage. The cyclist should also listen to see if the engine is on; if it is on this may indicate that the vehicle is about to move off. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT ARE THE DANGERS HERE – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK A cyclist is overtaking a parked truck. What are the possible dangers to the cyclist? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK At any moment someone sitting in the truck may decide to open the door as the cyclist passes, knocking him/her off the bicycle. If there are other passing vehicles, the cyclist could fall under the vehicle if knocked over by the door. The driver in this case needs to be more aware that other road users might be close by. The cyclist needs to watch out for tell tale signs such as glancing at the truck’s mirror – this would show the driver sitting in the cab, therefore the cyclist should take care when passing as the driver’s door may open at any stage. The cyclist should also listen to see if the engine is on; if it is on this may indicate that the vehicle is about to move off. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT ARE THE DANGERS HERE – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK A cyclist is overtaking a parked truck. What are the possible dangers to the cyclist? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – CYCLIST OVERTAKING A PARKED TRUCK At any moment someone sitting in the truck may decide to open the door as the cyclist passes, knocking him/her off the bicycle. If there are other passing vehicles, the cyclist could fall under the vehicle if knocked over by the door. The driver in this case needs to be more aware that other road users might be close by. The cyclist needs to watch out for tell tale signs such as glancing at the truck’s mirror – this would show the driver sitting in the cab, therefore the cyclist should take care when passing as the driver’s door may open at any stage. The cyclist should also listen to see if the engine is on; if it is on this may indicate that the vehicle is about to move off. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE You are driving along the street, there are some people around but you cannot see them at this point. Something is blocking your view of them. What is it? Where might these people be? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE The windshield post on the left is blocking your view for that vital split second and you cannot see the children run out. The driver may not have time to stop especially in wet conditions. It is important that the driver keeps scanning for dangers and hazards at all times. It is also important that children are taught the basic rules of the road. Do not run out of school gates or other gateways or run from side roads onto main roads. Parents and older children can play a vital role here, by telling young children the correct way to behave near roads. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE You are driving along the street, there are some people around but you cannot see them at this point. Something is blocking your view of them. What is it? Where might these people be? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE The windshield post on the left is blocking your view for that vital split second and you cannot see the children run out. The driver may not have time to stop especially in wet conditions. It is important that the driver keeps scanning for dangers and hazards at all times. It is also important that children are taught the basic rules of the road. Do not run out of school gates or other gateways or run from side roads onto main roads. Parents and older children can play a vital role here, by telling young children the correct way to behave near roads. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE You are driving along the street, there are some people around but you cannot see them at this point. Something is blocking your view of them. What is it? Where might these people be? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE The windshield post on the left is blocking your view for that vital split second and you cannot see the children run out. The driver may not have time to stop especially in wet conditions. It is important that the driver keeps scanning for dangers and hazards at all times. It is also important that children are taught the basic rules of the road. Do not run out of school gates or other gateways or run from side roads onto main roads. Parents and older children can play a vital role here, by telling young children the correct way to behave near roads. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE You are driving along the street, there are some people around but you cannot see them at this point. Something is blocking your view of them. What is it? Where might these people be? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – DRIVING THROUGH A HOUSING ESTATE The windshield post on the left is blocking your view for that vital split second and you cannot see the children run out. The driver may not have time to stop especially in wet conditions. It is important that the driver keeps scanning for dangers and hazards at all times. It is also important that children are taught the basic rules of the road. Do not run out of school gates or other gateways or run from side roads onto main roads. Parents and older children can play a vital role here, by telling young children the correct way to behave near roads. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – SCHOOL BUS A car is driving past a school bus dropping off students at a bus stop. What are the dangers? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– SCHOOL BUS As the bus is letting off people the driver needs to be aware that children are close by. There is an adult and two children walking away from the bus. This is also a sign that students may still be getting off the bus. A student may decide to take an unwise risk and step out from behind the bus. This is of course something that should never be attempted. However, drivers need to keep this possibility in mind when passing such vehicles, including parked cars and other obstructions that may block their vision. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – SCHOOL BUS A car is driving past a school bus dropping off students at a bus stop. What are the dangers? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– SCHOOL BUS As the bus is letting off people the driver needs to be aware that children are close by. There is an adult and two children walking away from the bus. This is also a sign that students may still be getting off the bus. A student may decide to take an unwise risk and step out from behind the bus. This is of course something that should never be attempted. However, drivers need to keep this possibility in mind when passing such vehicles, including parked cars and other obstructions that may block their vision. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – SCHOOL BUS A car is driving past a school bus dropping off students at a bus stop. What are the dangers? INCIDENT UNFOLDS– SCHOOL BUS As the bus is letting off people the driver needs to be aware that children are close by. There is an adult and two children walking away from the bus. This is also a sign that students may still be getting off the bus. A student may decide to take an unwise risk and step out from behind the bus. This is of course something that should never be attempted. However, drivers need to keep this possibility in mind when passing such vehicles, including parked cars and other obstructions that may block their vision. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – OVERTAKING List all the things you feel are wrong in this picture. Identify the likely outcome from any of the driver’s actions. If you were the driver of any of these vehicles, would you do anything differently? INCIDENT UNFOLDS – OVERTAKING Firstly, the blue car is too close to the articulated truck. The red car is also too close to the blue car. The red car is overtaking on a continuous white line. This is an illegal action. The red car is overtaking on a bend. This is also illegal as the driver cannot see if any other road users are coming around the corner. The likely outcome might be a head on crash. The car overtaking may be pushed under the truck or both cars might end up under the truck. The driver of the truck will more than likely apply his/her brakes and the blue car may end up rear-ending the truck. There are numerous possibilities for a number of people to be killed or seriously injured, all due to bad road user behaviour. If the blue car had kept its proper distance, there may have been a chance for the red overtaking car, although in the wrong, to get back onto the correct side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN FORSEE HERE? The view of the roadway is obstructed by the building on one side. If the two lads decide to immediately make their way across the street, they may not see any vehicles travelling from their right. Pedestrians need to be aware of on-coming traffic. Drivers need to anticipate the possibility that pedestrians may appear from nowhere at the last minute. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN FORSEE HERE? The view of the roadway is obstructed by the building on one side. If the two lads decide to immediately make their way across the street, they may not see any vehicles travelling from their right. Pedestrians need to be aware of on-coming traffic. Drivers need to anticipate the possibility that pedestrians may appear from nowhere at the last minute. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN FORSEE HERE? The view of the roadway is obstructed by the building on one side. If the two lads decide to immediately make their way across the street, they may not see any vehicles travelling from their right. Pedestrians need to be aware of on-coming traffic. Drivers need to anticipate the possibility that pedestrians may appear from nowhere at the last minute. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN FORSEE HERE? The view of the roadway is obstructed by the building on one side. If the two lads decide to immediately make their way across the street, they may not see any vehicles travelling from their right. Pedestrians need to be aware of on-coming traffic. Drivers need to anticipate the possibility that pedestrians may appear from nowhere at the last minute. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN FORSEE HERE? The view of the roadway is obstructed by the building on one side. If the two lads decide to immediately make their way across the street, they may not see any vehicles travelling from their right. Pedestrians need to be aware of on-coming traffic. Drivers need to anticipate the possibility that pedestrians may appear from nowhere at the last minute. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • WHAT DANGERS OR HAZARDS CAN YOU SPOT HERE – JUNCTION List and identify any hazards or dangers you can see in this graphic. What recommendations would you make? Where does the responsibility lie? UNSAFE A woman walks toward the road and stops. The pram or buggie is partially placed out onto the road as she reads a text message. A man operates a mobile phone while crossing the road. A skateboarder travels close to the roadway and has no protective clothing. A dog chases a ball out onto the road, the chances of a child running behind the dog is quite high. A workman working close to a junction has only a small warning sign to protect him. The back window of the red car has a child looking out the window – the child should be secured with a proper child restraint. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Who / What are the main causes of road accidents? Road Conditions. Pedestrians. Skidding. Tiredness. Car Maintenance. Driver. Weather Conditions. Safe Defensive Driving. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Cars parked on or near bends in the road cause huge blind spots... E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Cars parked on or near bends in the road cause huge blind spots... When overtaking cyclists on a bend with a Parked car on the bend the cyclist is in danger of being run over. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Cars parked on or near bends in the road cause huge blind spots... When overtaking cyclists on a bend with a Parked car on the bend the cyclist is in danger of being run over. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Cars parked on or near bends in the road cause huge blind spots... When overtaking cyclists on a bend with a Parked car on the bend the cyclist is in danger of being run over. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Poor planning can lead to road rage. Plan ahead. Give yourself plenty of time to complete your journey. Take account of road works when planning your journey. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of cars pulling away from the side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of cars pulling away from the side of the road. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of Pedestrians walking across the road. They can be distracted by mobile phones and texts. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of Pedestrians walking across the road. They can be distracted by mobile phones and texts. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario we can see; A pedestrian beginning to cross the road without checking for traffic. We can see cars parked on the bicycle lane, potentially causing bicycles to move out into the path of following traffic. We can see a number of cars overtaking on the Hatch markings or the Ghost Island. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario we can see; A pedestrian beginning to cross the road without checking for traffic. We can see cars parked on the bicycle lane, potentially causing bicycles to move out into the path of following traffic. We can see a number of cars overtaking on the Hatch markings or the Ghost Island. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario we can see; A pedestrian beginning to cross the road without checking for traffic. We can see cars parked on the bicycle lane, potentially causing bicycles to move out into the path of following traffic. We can see a number of cars overtaking on the Hatch markings or the Ghost Island. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario we can see; A pedestrian beginning to cross the road without checking for traffic. We can see cars parked on the bicycle lane, potentially causing bicycles to move out into the path of following traffic. We can see a number of cars overtaking on the Hatch markings or the Ghost Island. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Pedestrians crossing the road may not check for oncoming traffic. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Pedestrians crossing the road may not check for oncoming traffic. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Children tend to be unaware of potential dangers. Look well ahead and anticipate. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of cyclists. They may not look over their shoulder before passing cars or trucks. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Be aware of cyclists. They may not be aware of your presence especially if they are using headphones. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario we can see a car turning left, but it has to cross over a cycle or bus lane. If the driver does not check their left wing mirror or their left blind spot, this could potentially cause problems for vulnerable cyclists E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • When Overtaking cyclists Keep Your Distance E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • In this scenario the driver of the truck cannot see the cyclist. Always expect some one else to make the mistake. Expect the unexpected. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Cyclists should always wear a helmet and reflective bands or reflective clothing. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • When Overtaking cyclists don’t cut in, in front of them if you are turning left. Stay back and let the cyclist go ahead of you. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • STOP signs and STOP lines mean STOP. They are not just a suggestion. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • STOP signs and STOP lines mean STOP. They are not just a suggestion. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Work vehicles or delivery trucks can cause dangers. We can see a delivery truck with a trolley beside it. A worker may be inside the truck and could at any moment exit. We can also see parked cars ahead on the right which can caus problems if we overtake before checking if the way is clear. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Work vehicles or delivery trucks can cause dangers. We can see a delivery truck with a trolley beside it. A worker may be inside the truck and could at any moment exit. We can also see parked cars ahead on the right which can caus problems if we overtake before checking if the way is clear. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Work vehicles or delivery trucks can cause dangers. We can see a delivery truck with a trolley beside it. A worker may be inside the truck and could at any moment exit. We can also see parked cars ahead on the right which can caus problems if we overtake before checking if the way is clear. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Bad weather can cause poor visibility and should be treated as a hazard. Slow down and keep your distance. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Bad weather can cause poor visibility and should be treated as a hazard. Slow down and keep your distance. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Bad weather can cause poor visibility and should be treated as a hazard. Slow down and keep your distance. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Snow and Ice are more dangerous than people realise. Pedestrians may Slip. Motorists may slide and may not stop in time. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Snow and Ice are more dangerous than people realise. Pedestrians may Slip. Motorists may slide and may not stop in time. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Fog and Snow lead to poor visibility. Make sure you are dressed to be seen. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Before overtaking, ensure that you have enough room beside and in front of the vehicle you are overtaking. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Before overtaking, ensure that you have enough room beside and in front of the vehicle you are overtaking. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Forward planning and Observation play a critical role in safe driving. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Forward planning and Observation play a critical role in safe driving. E-Mail: ciaran@aandcdrivingschool.ie
  • Transcript

    • 1. www. a and c drivingschool.ie Presented by: Ciarán Morrison Hazard Perception
    • 2. www. a and c drivingschool.ie Presented by: Ciarán Morrison Hazard Perception
    • 3. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Predictable Hazards <ul><li>What are Predictable Hazards? </li></ul><ul><li>A Predictable Hazards is a hazard that occurs over a period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three key skills that are required to deal with these types of hazards in a safe way. </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipation </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction </li></ul>
    • 4. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception OBSERVATION Observation is all about spotting small details in the scene ahead of you as well as behind you and to either side of you. ANTICIPATION Anticipation is about thinking ahead about how the details you spotted will interact together and potentially lead to a hazard you might need to react to in the future. REACTION Reaction is all about the adjustment of your speed, direction or road position to remove the potentially dangerous hazard before it has occured.
    • 5. Awareness and Anticipation <ul><li>In any traffic situation there are some things that are obviously going to happen and some things that might happen. </li></ul>A & C Driving School <ul><li>To anticipate is to take action when you expect something might or will happen. </li></ul>Ask Yourself... <ul><li>What am I likely to find? </li></ul><ul><li>What are other road users trying to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I speed up or slow down? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I need to stop ? </li></ul>Hazard Perception
    • 6. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception <ul><li>Look for something joining your vehicles path such as:- </li></ul><ul><li>Cars emerging from the left. </li></ul><ul><li>Zebra crossing with pedestrians crossing. </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles emerging from the left. </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles edging out of a side road from your right. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrians trying to cross the road. </li></ul><ul><li>Cars looking as though they may join the traffic from your right. </li></ul><ul><li>Blind people with dogs waiting to cross the road. </li></ul><ul><li>Bus pulling out from a bus stop. </li></ul><ul><li>Cars stopping suddenly at junctions. </li></ul>
    • 7. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception <ul><li>Look for events occurring in the oncoming traffic such as:- </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle turning right across traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Cars stopping in the road to collect passengers. </li></ul><ul><li>Parked cars and oncoming vehicles. </li></ul>
    • 8. The key to Safe Driving A & C Driving School <ul><li>Don‘t be distracted ! </li></ul><ul><li>Take your time ! </li></ul><ul><li>Drive as conditions allow ! </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware ! </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of observation ! </li></ul>Hazard Perception
    • 9. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie With whom does the responsibility lie in this situation?
    • 10. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie The Driver The Pedestrian Too Close to the Curb
    • 11. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Where does the danger lie in this situation?
    • 12. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 13. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 14. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see in this situation?
    • 15. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 16. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Overtaking on a bend
    • 17. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Overtaking on a bend
    • 18. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie No reflective clothing Overtaking on a bend
    • 19. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie No reflective clothing Overtaking on a bend Pedestrian walking on wrong side of the road
    • 20. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see in this situation?
    • 21. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Cyclist not wearing reflective clothing
    • 22. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Cyclist not wearing reflective clothing Cyclist too far from the curb
    • 23. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Cyclist too far from the curb Cyclist not wearing reflective clothing Pedestrian walking on wrong side of the road
    • 24. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see in this situation?
    • 25. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Tree Trunk obstructing view Window Pillar obstructing view
    • 26. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see in this situation?
    • 27. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Car may not Stop at the STOP line
    • 28. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Driver may not see cyclist in the Blind-spot Car may not Stop at the STOP line
    • 29. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see in this situation?
    • 30. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie There might be small children behind the hedge
    • 31. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie There might be small children behind the hedge Tree Trunk obstructs the drivers view
    • 32. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie There might be small children behind the hedge Tree Trunk obstructs the drivers view Window Pillar obstructs the drivers view
    • 33. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 34. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you foresee when reversing out of a parking space?
    • 35. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Door pillar obstructs the drivers view
    • 36. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Door pillar obstructs the drivers view The headrest obstructs the drivers view
    • 37. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Door pillar obstructs the drivers view The headrest obstructs the drivers view Parked cars obstructs the drivers view
    • 38. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie From the pedestrians viewpoint!
    • 39. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 40. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Parents should always be watching out for moving vehicles in a car park
    • 41. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie This is a parked truck. What potential danger can you see in this situation?
    • 42. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 43. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 44. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie The cyclist is knocked into following traffic and potentially under a car
    • 45. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What potential danger can you see in this situation?
    • 46. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 47. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 48. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Children may not be aware of oncoming traffic Children may not be aware of oncoming traffic
    • 49. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie This is a school bus stopped at a bus stop. What potential danger can you see?
    • 50. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Passengers may try to cross from behind the bus This is a school bus stopped at a bus stop. What potential danger can you see?
    • 51. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Children may not be aware of the correct place to cross the road
    • 52. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 53. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Car driving too close the truck in front
    • 54. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Car driving too close the truck in front
    • 55. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Car driving too close the truck in front Shrubbery blocking the drivers view
    • 56. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 57. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Driver sees oncoming car too late
    • 58. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Driver sees oncoming car too late Car still driving too close the truck in front
    • 59. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Driver sees oncoming car too late Car still driving too close the truck in front
    • 60. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Driver sees oncoming car too late Car still driving too close the truck in front No room for driver to change direction
    • 61. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 62. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Teenagers may not check for oncoming traffic before crossing the road to meet their friend
    • 63. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Teenagers may not check for oncoming traffic before crossing the road to meet their friend Traffic may be coming but view is blocked by the wall
    • 64. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Pedestrians may not look until the last minute
    • 65. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Pedestrians may not look until the last minute Car may to travelling too fast to react on time
    • 66. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie List and identify any dangers or hazards you can see in this scene
    • 67. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 68. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie
    • 69. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Man talking on phone not watching the traffic
    • 70. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Man talking on phone not watching the traffic Dog running onto the road after a ball. A child might follow
    • 71. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Man talking on phone not watching the traffic Dog running onto the road after a ball. A child might follow Man working too close to corner with only a small sign to protect him
    • 72. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Man talking on phone not watching the traffic Child not wearing protective clothing Dog running onto the road after a ball. A child might follow Man working too close to corner with only a small sign to protect him
    • 73. <ul><li>Who / What are the main causes of road accidents? </li></ul>A & C Driving School Safe Defensive Driving Pedestrians Road Conditions Car Maintenance Weather Conditions Skidding How can they be avoided ? Tiredness Driver Hazard Perception
    • 74. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Cars parked on or near bends in the road cause huge blind spots...
    • 75. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Car overtaking a cyclist on a bend with the potentially unseen parked car.
    • 76. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Vulnerable cyclist can be forced off the road or under the car Car overtaking a cyclist on a bend with the potentially unseen parked car.
    • 77. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Car parked dangerously on the footpath on a bend in the road. Vulnerable cyclist can be forced off the road or under the car Car overtaking a cyclist on a bend with the potentially unseen parked car.
    • 78. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Road rage due to poor forward planning...
    • 79. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 80. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Car pulling out from a parked position without checking if the way is clear.
    • 81. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 82. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Pedestrian walking across the road oblivious to the danger of the traffic.
    • 83. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception What dangers or hazards can you spot here?
    • 84. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Pedestrian running across the road without checking if the way is safe.
    • 85. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Pedestrian running across the road without checking if the way is safe. Cars parked in bicycle lane potentially causing cyclists to move out into traffic.
    • 86. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Pedestrian running across the road without checking if the way is safe. Cars parked in bicycle lane potentially causing cyclists to move out into traffic. Cars driving on the Ghost Island
    • 87. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What does this scene tell you?
    • 88. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Pedestrian crossing the road will not necessarily check for oncoming traffic. Hazard Perception
    • 89. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Children tend to be unaware of Potential Danger .
    • 90. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Cyclist not checking over his shoulder before moving out to pass the truck.
    • 91. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Cyclist moves out to pass parked cars on the left may not be aware of your presence behind him.
    • 92. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Cars crossing a bicycle lane could potentially cause problems for cyclists
    • 93. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Keep Your Distance
    • 94. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Truck may not be able to see the cyclist
    • 95. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception
    • 96. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Stay back and let the cyclist go ahead
    • 97. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What does this sign mean?
    • 98. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception STOP means STOP . It is NOT just a Suggestion
    • 99. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie What dangers can you see here?
    • 100. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Delivery Vehicles with doors open and trolley beside it.
    • 101. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Delivery Vehicles with doors open and trolley beside it. Check for oncoming traffic before proceeding.
    • 102. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Weather plays an important part in safe driving
    • 103. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception In bad weather Visibility is dramatically reduced
    • 104. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception In bad weather Visibility is dramatically reduced Keep Your Distance
    • 105. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Weather plays an important part in safe driving
    • 106. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Snow and Ice are more dangerous than people realise. Pedestrians may Slip. Motorists may slide and may not stop in time.
    • 107. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception Fog and Snow lead to poor visibility. Make sure you are dressed to be seen.
    • 108. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Forward Planning
    • 109. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Before attempting to overtake- Ensure you have good visibility of the road in front of you. Forward Planning
    • 110. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Forward Planning
    • 111. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Forward planning and Observation play a critical role in safe driving. Forward Planning
    • 112. www.aandcdrivingschool.ie Hazard Perception The End

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