The legislative department

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The legislative department

  1. 1. THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT<br />Summary<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Congress: the Legislative Branch of government in the Philippines<br />Purpose, functions and structure of Congress<br />Constitutional mandates with respect to Congress<br />
  3. 3. The Legislative Branch<br />From the Latin lex, legismeaning law<br />The legislative branch broadly deals with the making, deliberation over, enactment, amendment and repealing of laws<br />
  4. 4. Basic Structures<br />There are two basic structures for legislative branches of government:<br />Unicameral<br />The legislative branch consists of one chamber/house<br />Bicameral<br />Legislative power is vested in two chambers/houses<br />
  5. 5. The Philippine Congress<br /> The Philippine Congress is the country’s legislative department (Art. VI, Sec. 1)<br />Congress is bicameral<br />Upper House: Senate<br />Lower House: House of Representatives<br />
  6. 6. Senate<br />Composition<br />Qualifications<br />Term of Office<br />24 Senators elected at large<br />Natural-born citizen<br />At least 35 years old on election day<br />Literate (can read and write)<br />Registered voter<br />Philippine resident for 2 years prior to election day<br />6 years <br />Maximum: 2 terms<br />
  7. 7. House of Representatives<br />200 district reps, 50 party list<br />Natural-born citizen<br />At least 25 years old on election day<br />Literate (can read and write)<br />Registered voter of the district<br />District resident for 1 year prior to election day<br />3 years <br />Maximum: 3 terms<br />Composition<br />Qualifications<br />Term of Office<br />
  8. 8. In Case of Vacancy…<br />Vacancy can be filled through regular election<br />Special elections can be called for the purpose of filling the vacancy<br />In either circumstance, the one elected merely sits for the unexpired term<br />
  9. 9. Parliamentary Privileges<br /> Congressmen have two parliamentary privileges while Congress is in session:<br />Privilege from arrest<br />Immunity from offenses punishable by not more than six years imprisonment<br />Privilege of speech and debate<br />Immunity from libel and slander<br />
  10. 10. Transparency<br />Elected Congressmen must:<br />Fully disclose their financial and business interests<br />Disclose potential conflicts of interests that arise in the course of legislation<br />Keep from any other office or employment (appointed or otherwise), forfeit his/her seat to do so<br />
  11. 11. Structure and Dynamics<br />Senate President and House Speaker elected by majority vote<br />Other officers, procedures and the discipline of its members is at the discretion of each house<br />Quorum: Majority<br />Each House maintains a journal and record of proceedings<br />Neither House can adjourn without the other’s consent while in session<br />
  12. 12. Powers of Congress<br />Appointment of Public Officials<br />Legislative inquiry and investigation<br />Declare the existence of a state of war<br />Ratify the country’s international treaties (Senate)<br />Authorize limited emergency powers for the President<br />
  13. 13. Powers of Congress<br />Approve the government budget<br />Undertake projects under the CDF<br />Propose, review, and adopt bills for enactment into law<br />Overturn a Presidential veto with respect to proposed legislation<br />Allow for referenda<br />Propose amendments to the constitution and call for a constitutional convention<br />
  14. 14. Legislative Limitations<br />Congress may not:<br />Increase appropriations recommended by the executive branch<br />Pass tax exemptions without the concurrence of a majority of its members<br />Grant titles of nobility<br />Pass ex post facto bills<br />Pass bills of attainder<br />
  15. 15. How a Bill Becomes Law<br />Referral to Committee<br />Debate<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~House of Representatives~<br />
  16. 16. How a Bill Becomes Law<br />Referral to Committee<br />Debate<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~Senate~<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~House of Representatives~<br />
  17. 17. How a Bill Becomes Law<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~Senate~<br />BICAMERAL COMMITTEE<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~House of Representatives~<br />
  18. 18. How a Bill Becomes Law<br />President<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~Senate~<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~House of Representatives~<br />
  19. 19. How a Bill Becomes Law<br />President<br />APPROVE<br />VETO<br />30 DAY PERIOD<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />1st Reading<br />2nd Reading<br />3rd Reading<br />~House of Representatives~<br />
  20. 20. -end-<br />

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